According to Google, 19,273 people visited the website during August for an average of 622 per day. Roughly 14% of our visitors came from outside the U.S.
When the pandemic abruptly closed schools in March and April, our number of visitors declined compared to March and April of 2019. But our traffic doubled and tripled compared to the previous May, June, July, and August as schools ramped up remote online learning in May, and then the mass popular protests against police murders and the sad deaths of Freedom Movement icons John Lewis and C.T. Vivian over the summer increased interest. As the new school year gets underway and the election evolves into a bitter (and potentially violent) contest between the advocates of racial justice and the forces of white-supremacy, we expect to see increased interest in the history and lessons of the Freedom Movement.
— Bruce Hartford, Webspinner.
Ever since Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement established this CRMVet website in late 1999, it has been funded by personal donations from Freedom Movement activists and individual supporters. We carry on this work without any institutional support, foundation grants, or philanthropy contributions of any kind. So if you find our CRMVet site useful and worthy, please click here to make a donation to keep us alive and growing. Thank you for anything you are able to contribute.
Please consider converting your PayPal donation to an automatic monthly contribution by checking the "Make this a monthly donation" box on the amount screen when it pops up.
SNCC Digital Gateway. SNCC Legacy Project & Duke University. tells the story of how young activists in SNCC united with local people in the Deep South to build a grassroots movement for change that empowered the Black community and transformed the nation.
Teaching for Change and Zinn Education Project. Provides teachers and parents with the tools to create schools where students learn to read, write and change the world by promoting and supporting the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country.
The SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). SLP was begun to preserve and extend SNCC's legacy. Although SNCC the organization no longer exists, we believe that its legacy continues and needs to be brought forward in ways that continue the struggle for freedom, justice and liberty.
Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement. Empowering the next generation, passing it on to carry it on by preserving the history of the Mississippi Movement.
Chicago SNCC History Project. Tells the Stories of Chicago Area Friends of SNCC (CAFSNCC), its relationship to SNCC, it's pivotal role in shaping the fight for freedom in Chicago between 1960-1965, and preserves that history as a legacy for the young people who are continuing the fight for freedom, justice and peace.
SCOPE 50. Preserving Civil Rights and The Story of Voting. Website of SCLC/SCOPE project activists.
Now available. Voices from the Mississippi Hill Country ~ The Benton County Civil Rights Movement, by Roy DeBerry, Aviva Futorian, Stephen Klein, and John Lyons. University Press of Mississippi, August 2020. History of the Benton movement and personal narratives of local Freedom Movement participants.
Now available. A Small Town Rises: A Sharecropper and a College Girl Join the Struggle for Justice in Shaw, Mississippi, by Lee Anna Sherman with Movement veterans Eddie Short and recent college grad Mary Sue Gellatly. Bog Lily Press, 2020. Chronicles the lives of two civil rights activists who met in the tiny cotton-town of Shaw during Freedom Summer. Shaw was, like countless segregated towns across the South, a pressure cooker of violent white resistance to the growing civil rights movement. The two young freedom fighters joined forces in 1964 with local black activist Andrew Hawkins and a host of courageous townspeople to challenge and disrupt the status quo in the heart of the Mississippi Delta.
Movement art: If you are aware of any works of art related to the Freedom Movement such as paintings, drawings, murals, statues, and so on, please take a look at our Civil Rights Movement Art page to see if we already have an image of it in our collection. If it isn't included in our collection please email us an image we can post, or a weblink, or some other information that we can use. Thanks.
Movement Materials: Please continue to send us documents, letters, reports, stories, and other Southern Freedom Movement materials from the period 1951-1968.
1955 Literacy test questions & voting rights materials, Washington County Democratic Club (Black organization), Greenville MS. March, 1955 1957 Summary of Research Library Situations, Whitney M. Young, Atlanta Council on Human Relations (ACHR). 1957 1958 To The Editor of the Atlanta Constitution, re police murder of innocent civilian, brutality, lies, and falsehoods. By 12 prominant members of Citizens Committee. September 13, 1958 1958 Why Vote? The ABC's of Citizenship, brochure on voting by Channing Bete Corp, 1958 63? 64? Dear Friends, appeal to Afro-Americans in Mississippi re poll-taxes and voter registration, Henry, Moses, Smith, (COFO). Undated (possibly late 1963 or early 1964) 1964 Practice Mississippi voter registration form partially filled in by Percey Lee Brewer, February 27, 1964 1964 Program for Voter Registration in Canton, Tom Foner, CORE/COFO. July 3, 1964 1964 Martin Luther King Get Out The Vote Campaign form, Unsigned, SCLC. October 9, 1964 1964 West Coast Conference program, Friends of SNCC. November 14, 1964 1965 Outline for Weekly Field Report, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965 1965 Community Organization Discussion Outline, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965 1965 CORE summer project educational program workshop, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965 1965 Notes and Guidelines on News, Public Relations, Unsigned, CORE. June 1965 1965 Questions for Discussion, Political Awareness Workshop. Unsigned, CORE. June 65? 66? To those interested in the struggle, SNCC query sent to supporters re research and other interests, undated (probably from between mid-1965 to mid-1966) 1968 "Black Power" is Black Pride, Elliot Bovelle, April 1968 1968 Demands of Poor People's Campaign to Executive Agencies, WILPF & AFSC, May 2, 1968 1968 Statements to heads of government departments, unsigned Poor Peoples Campaign, April 28-May 1, 1968 1968 Comments on Committee List, unsigned PPC. May 3, 1968
9/24/63 SNCC Americus GA Press releases
SNCC Worker Arrested on Capital Charges
More Arrested - Jail Treatment
By-Stander's Leg Broken By Police
Bound Over to November Court
Remain In Jail
Facts Compiled From
Letter of Ralph Allen from the Sumpter County Jail
Some Facts on the Basis for Federal Action
1/6/65 SNCC Statement On The War in Vietnam 3/27/66 SNCC 1000 Negroes in Lowndes County Alabama hear Julian Bond 4/4/66 SNCC Julian Bond election challenged again, Atlanta GA 1967 (SNCC) Johnne Wilson Statement re conviction and sentencing for protesting draft and Vietnam War 6/13/67 (SNCC) Statement to Afro-Asian Missions to the United Nations
Mississippi Free Press issues:
December 7, 1963, Adequate Education Needed, Black-owned Jackson Advocate falsely portrays satisfied negroes, Civil Rights bill What it Would Mean December 14, 1963, Church members decieved by boycotted store, Conflicting claims about negro paper December 21, 1963, Multiple stories about Christmas boycott of white merchants by Jackson Movement December 28, 1963, Army Still Segregated, We're United Not Violent January 4, 1964, COFO launches drive for poll tax, Jackson gas workers walk out in protest January 11, 1964, Farm Workers Robbed, Blacks prevented from paying poll tax, COFO Welfare Group Attempts to Aid Poor
Los Angeles CA Protests, 1963-1964
4/64 CORE L.A. CORE Organizing Calendar 4/5/64 N-VAC Van De Kamps Discriminates Against Negroes This Must Stop Now, protest flyer. Bruce Hartford, N-VAC 4/10/64 N-VAC N-VAC Invites You to Hear Gloria Richardson, leader of the Cambridge Non-Violent Action Committee. Flyer. 4/10/64 N-VAC N-VAC Presents Gloria Richardson, Flyer. 4/64 CORE Stop Double Sessions in Our Schools! L.A. CORE flyer. Undated (probably mid April 1964) 4/16/64 CORE Letter re the suspension of Brooklyn CORE (because of the Worlds Fair "stall-in"), James Farmer, CORE National Director, 4/26/64 N-VAC N-VAC Freedom Rally flyer
6/25/64 Unsigned COFO (Moss Point) Daily Report (MS) 6/6/26 Unsigned CORE/COFO Project Report Valley View, (MS) 6/29/64 Unsigned, COFO (Greenville) Suspicious cars (MS) 6/30/64 Unsigned, COFO (Greenville) Greenville research report (MS) 6/30/64 Unsigned COFO (Greenville) Weekly Report to Jackson (MS) 4/19/1964 Douglas Sampson, DM Report from Hattiesburg, April 13-19, (MS) 7/11/1964 T. Shaw, DM Report to Greenwood and Atlanta; re: Hattiesburg, (MS) 7/23/1964 George Phelps, DM Report on work as minister-counsellor, Shaw MS project 7/25/1964 A. Stauffer Curry, DM Report of Visit to Mississippi, July 19-25 8/10/1964 T. Shaw, DM Report to Greenwood and Atlanta; re: Hattiesburg, (MS) 11/66 Loraine Howard Taliaferro Ladies' Goes to Washington, (GA) 5/14/68 Unsigned West Marks Democratic Party precinct convention, (MS)
Annie Pearl Avery Interview by Joseph Mosnier, re SNCC & the Albany and AL movement, 2011.
PDF transcript Video + bio & metadata
Branch & Smith Interview by Emilye Crosby re MS & the movement, 2015.
PDF transcript Video + bio & metadata
Amos C. Brown Interview by David Cline, re NAACP & Jackson MS movement, 2013.
PDF transcript Video + bio & metadata
Affadavits of Repression, Retaliation & Violence
1964 Affidavit of Joan Drake, re discrimination in restaurant dining service, 7/07/64 1964 Affidavit of Joycelyn McKissick, re discrimination in restaurant dining service, 7/07/64 1964 Affidavit of Willie Neal Smith, re discrimination by theater ticket seller, 7/07/64 1964 Affidavit of Charles Stewart, re witness to strict limitations on voting registration of negroes, 7/07/64 1964 Affidavit of Odessa Brooks, re discrimination in entry of restaurant, 7/08/64 1964 Statement by Hosie McCall, re harassed by whites and police, 7/28/64
1960 Speech in support of the sit-ins to national NSA conference, Casey Hayden. August 1960 1963 Seeds of Liberation "...the First Wave", Dave Delinger, Liberation, September 1963 1963 Kay Boyle: No Other Place to Be, re March on Washington
Statement on the Actions Taken by the NBA Players SNCC Legacy Project (SLP) Immediate Consideration and Justice for Imam Jamil Al-Amin SNCC Legacy Project (SLP) Matt Herron - R.I.P. Ron Carver Eulogy for John Lewis Rev. James Lawson, 2020 Shining in Sunflower, review of Silver Rights Casey Hayden, 1995 Voter Suppression in Minority Communities Statement by John Lewis
Barbara Bloomfield - SNCC, SCEF, 1964-1968, MS, KY Roy DeBerry - SNCC, 1963-65, MS Stuart Tolchin - Grenada Project (SCLC), 1966-67, MS
Beatrice M. Murphy, three new poems Langston Hughes, I Dream a World J. Farley Ragland, Sit Down, Chillun!
The Sit-Ins — Off Campus and Into Movement The Freedom Rides Mississippi: Into the Storm March on Washington Freedom Summer March to Montgomery Movement Photos of Matt Herron
FILM & VIDEO:
Voices from the Mississippi Hill Country ~ The Benton County Civil Rights Movement, by Roy DeBerry, Aviva Futorian, Stephen Klein, and John Lyons. University Press of Mississippi, August 2020. History of the Benton movement and personal narratives of local Freedom Movement participants.
A Small Town Rises: A Sharecropper and a College Girl Join the Struggle for Justice in Shaw, Mississippi, by Lee Anna Sherman with Movement veterans Eddie Short and recent college grad Mary Sue Gellatly. Bog Lily Press, 2020. Chronicles the lives of two civil rights activists who met in the tiny cotton-town of Shaw during Freedom Summer. Shaw was, like countless segregated towns across the South, a pressure cooker of violent white resistance to the growing civil rights movement. The two young freedom fighters joined forces in 1964 with local black activist Andrew Hawkins and a host of courageous townspeople to challenge and disrupt the status quo in the heart of the Mississippi Delta.
Tip of the Arrow: the Selma Student Nonviolent Movement, a Study in Leadership, by Charles Bonner. Page Publishing, 2020. An "up-from-below" and "inside-out" examination of, and personal narratives by, the young students of Selma Alabama who from 1963 to 1965 were the tip of the nonviolent arrow in the fight for freedom and equality. Charles Bonner, the author, was one of the main student leaders and then a SNCC field secretary. Today he is one of the boldest civil rights attorneys in California.
Race Man: Selected Works, 1960- 2015, by Julian Bond. City Lights Publishers; 2020).
"Troublemaker" Memories of the Freedom Movement, by Bruce Hartford. Westwind Writers, 2019. Personal boots-on-the-ground memoir of four years service in the American Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1967.
Southern White Girl Seeks Social Change: A Twentieth Century Memoir, by Nancy Stoller. Bright Stuff, 2019. A memoir from the dawn of SNCC, women's liberation, and young people who "de-segregated" the US, each body on the line, every eye on the prize.
Acts of Resistance: A Freedom Rider Looks Back on the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith Frieze Wright. Apple Bay Publishing, 2019. A memoir of one person's experience in Mississippi during the early sixties.
Mississippi Reckoning, (novel) by Mitchell Zimmerman. Amazon/Kindle Direct Publishing 2019. The story of a despairing man's pursuit of justice for the victims of segregationist brutality, set against a sweeping backdrop of white supremacy rampant and the civil rights struggles of the 1940s and 1960s.
Crusader Without Violence: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr, by L.D. Reddick and Derryn Moten. Reissued by New South Books, 2018. First biography of Dr. King originally written in 1959 and now reissued.
Mississippi's Exiled Daughter, by Brenda Travis with John Obee. Story of Brenda Travis, whose 1961 arrest as a teenager helped galvanize opposition to racial discrimination in Mississippi. New South Books, June 2018.
The Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Kennedy Administration, 1960-1964: A History in Documents, by James P. Marshall. Louisiana State University Press, 2018. Freedom Movement veteran traces through government documents the Kennedy Administration's response to the Mississippi Movement.
Hope's Kids: A Voting Rights Summer, by Alan Venable. One Monkey Books, 2017. Describes Brandeis University's 1965 SCLC-SCOPE project in South Carolina.
Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966- 1971, by Martin L. Deppe. University of Georgia Press, 2017. Untold Story, of the unheralded leaders of thel SCLC program based in Chicago that broke a market stranglehold by white businesses in Black communities and empowered Black businesses in their own neighborhoods and beyond.
1967 NBC News Interview with Martin Luther King, that was never broadcast and not made available until 2018. (27 minutes.)
Traveling With Dr. King, by Sunnylands & Gandhi-King Institute for Nonviolence. 2019. Video remembrance by people who knew and worked closely with Dr. King.
Iowans Return to Freedom Summer, by Keeping History Alive foundation. 2018. Firsthand accounts from six Freedom Summer volunteers from Iowa who reflect on their motivations, fears, triumphs and the life altering events that took place 50 years ago.
Heather Booth: Changing the World, a documentary film by Lily Rivlin. 2017. How the Civil Rights Movement inspired SNCC activist and Freedom Summer volunteer Heather Booth to a lifetime of fighting for social justice.
Stand for Freedom: The Life & Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock The story of Willie Peacock, one of the original SNCC field secretaries organzing in the Mississippi Delta. YouTube.
They Say I'm Your Teacher, nine minute video by Lucy Phenix about the Citizenship Schools (exerpted from the film You Got to Move: Stories of Change in the South.)
As always comments, suggestions, corrections, and submissions from Freedom Movement activists are welcome. Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement who are listed on the website's Roll Call are encouraged to contribute to the website their stories, thoughts, documents, and memories & tributes of those who have passed on by emailing them to email@example.com.