Civil Rights Movement Archive

What's New & Announcements
September 1st, 2020

According to Google, 19,273 people visited the website during August for an average of 622 per day. Roughly 14% of our visitors came from outside the U.S.

When the pandemic abruptly closed schools in March and April, our number of visitors declined compared to March and April of 2019. But our traffic doubled and tripled compared to the previous May, June, July, and August as schools ramped up remote online learning in May, and then the mass popular protests against police murders and the sad deaths of Freedom Movement icons John Lewis and C.T. Vivian over the summer increased interest. As the new school year gets underway and the election evolves into a bitter (and potentially violent) contest between the advocates of racial justice and the forces of white-supremacy, we expect to see increased interest in the history and lessons of the Freedom Movement.


 — Bruce Hartford, Webspinner.

Please Donate.
With a Little Help From Our Friends,
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Ever since Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement established this CRMVet website in late 1999, it has been funded by personal donations from Freedom Movement activists and individual supporters. We carry on this work without any institutional support, foundation grants, or philanthropy contributions of any kind. So if you find our CRMVet site useful and worthy, please click here to make a donation to keep us alive and growing. Thank you for anything you are able to contribute.

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Sister Sites

SNCC Digital Gateway. SNCC Legacy Project & Duke University. tells the story of how young activists in SNCC united with local people in the Deep South to build a grassroots movement for change that empowered the Black community and transformed the nation.

Teaching for Change and Zinn Education Project. Provides teachers and parents with the tools to create schools where students learn to read, write and change the world by promoting and supporting the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country.

The SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). SLP was begun to preserve and extend SNCC's legacy. Although SNCC the organization no longer exists, we believe that its legacy continues and needs to be brought forward in ways that continue the struggle for freedom, justice and liberty.

Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement. Empowering the next generation, passing it on to carry it on by preserving the history of the Mississippi Movement.

Chicago SNCC History Project. Tells the Stories of Chicago Area Friends of SNCC (CAFSNCC), its relationship to SNCC, it's pivotal role in shaping the fight for freedom in Chicago between 1960-1965, and preserves that history as a legacy for the young people who are continuing the fight for freedom, justice and peace.

SCOPE 50. Preserving Civil Rights and The Story of Voting. Website of SCLC/SCOPE project activists.

Announcements

Now available. Voices from the Mississippi Hill Country ~ The Benton County Civil Rights Movement, by Roy DeBerry, Aviva Futorian, Stephen Klein, and John Lyons. University Press of Mississippi, August 2020. History of the Benton movement and personal narratives of local Freedom Movement participants.

Now available. A Small Town Rises: A Sharecropper and a College Girl Join the Struggle for Justice in Shaw, Mississippi, by Lee Anna Sherman with Movement veterans Eddie Short and recent college grad Mary Sue Gellatly. Bog Lily Press, 2020. Chronicles the lives of two civil rights activists who met in the tiny cotton-town of Shaw during Freedom Summer. Shaw was, like countless segregated towns across the South, a pressure cooker of violent white resistance to the growing civil rights movement. The two young freedom fighters joined forces in 1964 with local black activist Andrew Hawkins and a host of courageous townspeople to challenge and disrupt the status quo in the heart of the Mississippi Delta.

Movement art: If you are aware of any works of art related to the Freedom Movement such as paintings, drawings, murals, statues, and so on, please take a look at our Civil Rights Movement Art page to see if we already have an image of it in our collection. If it isn't included in our collection please email us an image we can post, or a weblink, or some other information that we can use. Thanks.

Movement Materials: Please continue to send us documents, letters, reports, stories, and other Southern Freedom Movement materials from the period 1951-1968.

New Movement Documents

1955Literacy test questions & voting rights materials, Washington County Democratic Club (Black organization), Greenville MS. March, 1955
1957Summary of Research Library Situations, Whitney M. Young, Atlanta Council on Human Relations (ACHR). 1957
1958To The Editor of the Atlanta Constitution, re police murder of innocent civilian, brutality, lies, and falsehoods. By 12 prominant members of Citizens Committee. September 13, 1958
1958Why Vote? The ABC's of Citizenship, brochure on voting by Channing Bete Corp, 1958
63? 64?Dear Friends, appeal to Afro-Americans in Mississippi re poll-taxes and voter registration, Henry, Moses, Smith, (COFO). Undated (possibly late 1963 or early 1964)
1964Practice Mississippi voter registration form partially filled in by Percey Lee Brewer, February 27, 1964
1964Program for Voter Registration in Canton, Tom Foner, CORE/COFO. July 3, 1964
1964Martin Luther King Get Out The Vote Campaign form, Unsigned, SCLC. October 9, 1964
1964West Coast Conference program, Friends of SNCC. November 14, 1964
1965Outline for Weekly Field Report, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965Community Organization Discussion Outline, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965CORE summer project educational program workshop, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965Notes and Guidelines on News, Public Relations, Unsigned, CORE. June 1965
1965Questions for Discussion, Political Awareness Workshop. Unsigned, CORE. June
65? 66?To those interested in the struggle, SNCC query sent to supporters re research and other interests, undated (probably from between mid-1965 to mid-1966)
1968"Black Power" is Black Pride, Elliot Bovelle, April 1968
1968Demands of Poor People's Campaign to Executive Agencies, WILPF & AFSC, May 2, 1968
1968Statements to heads of government departments, unsigned Poor Peoples Campaign, April 28-May 1, 1968
1968Comments on Committee List, unsigned PPC. May 3, 1968

Press Releases
9/24/63SNCCAmericus GA Press releases
SNCC Worker Arrested on Capital Charges
More Arrested - Jail Treatment
By-Stander's Leg Broken By Police
Bound Over to November Court
Remain In Jail
Facts Compiled From
Letter of Ralph Allen from the Sumpter County Jail
Some Facts on the Basis for Federal Action
1/6/65SNCCStatement On The War in Vietnam
3/27/66SNCC1000 Negroes in Lowndes County Alabama hear Julian Bond
4/4/66SNCCJulian Bond election challenged again, Atlanta GA
1967(SNCC)Johnne Wilson Statement re conviction and sentencing for protesting draft and Vietnam War
6/13/67(SNCC)Statement to Afro-Asian Missions to the United Nations

Mississippi Free Press issues:
December 7, 1963, Adequate Education Needed, Black-owned Jackson Advocate falsely portrays satisfied negroes, Civil Rights bill What it Would Mean
December 14, 1963, Church members decieved by boycotted store, Conflicting claims about negro paper
December 21, 1963, Multiple stories about Christmas boycott of white merchants by Jackson Movement
December 28, 1963, Army Still Segregated, We're United Not Violent
January 4, 1964, COFO launches drive for poll tax, Jackson gas workers walk out in protest
January 11, 1964, Farm Workers Robbed, Blacks prevented from paying poll tax, COFO Welfare Group Attempts to Aid Poor

Los Angeles CA Protests, 1963-1964
4/64COREL.A. CORE Organizing Calendar
4/5/64N-VAC Van De Kamps Discriminates Against Negroes This Must Stop Now, protest flyer. Bruce Hartford, N-VAC
4/10/64N-VAC N-VAC Invites You to Hear Gloria Richardson, leader of the Cambridge Non-Violent Action Committee. Flyer.
4/10/64N-VAC N-VAC Presents Gloria Richardson, Flyer.
4/64COREStop Double Sessions in Our Schools! L.A. CORE flyer. Undated (probably mid April 1964)
4/16/64CORELetter re the suspension of Brooklyn CORE (because of the Worlds Fair "stall-in"), James Farmer, CORE National Director,
4/26/64N-VAC N-VAC Freedom Rally flyer

New Letters & Reports From the Field

6/25/64Unsigned COFO (Moss Point)Daily Report (MS)
6/6/26Unsigned CORE/COFOProject Report Valley View, (MS)
6/29/64Unsigned, COFO (Greenville)Suspicious cars (MS)
6/30/64Unsigned, COFO (Greenville)Greenville research report (MS)
6/30/64Unsigned COFO (Greenville)Weekly Report to Jackson (MS)
4/19/1964Douglas Sampson, DMReport from Hattiesburg, April 13-19, (MS)
7/11/1964T. Shaw, DMReport to Greenwood and Atlanta; re: Hattiesburg, (MS)
7/23/1964George Phelps, DM Report on work as minister-counsellor, Shaw MS project
7/25/1964A. Stauffer Curry, DMReport of Visit to Mississippi, July 19-25
8/10/1964T. Shaw, DM Report to Greenwood and Atlanta; re: Hattiesburg, (MS)
11/66Loraine HowardTaliaferro Ladies' Goes to Washington, (GA)
5/14/68UnsignedWest Marks Democratic Party precinct convention, (MS)

New Additions to Our Stories

Annie Pearl Avery   Interview by Joseph Mosnier, re SNCC & the Albany and AL movement, 2011.
  PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Branch & SmithInterview by Emilye Crosby re MS & the movement, 2015.
  PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Amos C. BrownInterview by David Cline, re NAACP & Jackson MS movement, 2013.
  PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata

Affadavits of Repression, Retaliation & Violence
1964Affidavit of Joan Drake, re discrimination in restaurant dining service, 7/07/64
1964Affidavit of Joycelyn McKissick, re discrimination in restaurant dining service, 7/07/64
1964Affidavit of Willie Neal Smith, re discrimination by theater ticket seller, 7/07/64
1964Affidavit of Charles Stewart, re witness to strict limitations on voting registration of negroes, 7/07/64
1964Affidavit of Odessa Brooks, re discrimination in entry of restaurant, 7/08/64
1964Statement by Hosie McCall, re harassed by whites and police, 7/28/64

New Articles & Speeches From the Southern Freedom Movement

1960Speech in support of the sit-ins to national NSA conference, Casey Hayden. August 1960
1963Seeds of Liberation "...the First Wave", Dave Delinger, Liberation, September 1963
1963Kay Boyle: No Other Place to Be, re March on Washington

New Additions to Our Thoughts

Statement on the Actions Taken by the NBA PlayersSNCC Legacy Project (SLP)
Immediate Consideration and Justice for Imam Jamil Al-AminSNCC Legacy Project (SLP)
Matt Herron - R.I.P.Ron Carver
Eulogy for John LewisRev. James Lawson, 2020
Shining in Sunflower, review of Silver RightsCasey Hayden, 1995
Voter Suppression in Minority CommunitiesStatement by John Lewis

New Names Added to the Activist Roll Call

Barbara Bloomfield - SNCC, SCEF, 1964-1968, MS, KY
Roy DeBerry - SNCC, 1963-65, MS
Stuart Tolchin - Grenada Project (SCLC), 1966-67, MS

New Tributes & Memories added to In Memory

Matt Herron

New Answers Added to Frequently Asked Questions:

No new answers added this month.

New Additions to Poetry
The Poetry section is one of the most-visited parts of the site.

Beatrice M. Murphy, three new poems
Langston Hughes, I Dream a World
J. Farley Ragland, Sit Down, Chillun!

New Additions to the Photo Album Pages:

The Sit-Ins — Off Campus and Into Movement
The Freedom Rides
Mississippi: Into the Storm
March on Washington
Freedom Summer
March to Montgomery
Movement Photos of Matt Herron

 
Recent Books, Films, & Videos by Freedom Movement Veterans

BOOKS:

Voices from the Mississippi Hill Country ~ The Benton County Civil Rights Movement, by Roy DeBerry, Aviva Futorian, Stephen Klein, and John Lyons. University Press of Mississippi, August 2020. History of the Benton movement and personal narratives of local Freedom Movement participants.

A Small Town Rises: A Sharecropper and a College Girl Join the Struggle for Justice in Shaw, Mississippi, by Lee Anna Sherman with Movement veterans Eddie Short and recent college grad Mary Sue Gellatly. Bog Lily Press, 2020. Chronicles the lives of two civil rights activists who met in the tiny cotton-town of Shaw during Freedom Summer. Shaw was, like countless segregated towns across the South, a pressure cooker of violent white resistance to the growing civil rights movement. The two young freedom fighters joined forces in 1964 with local black activist Andrew Hawkins and a host of courageous townspeople to challenge and disrupt the status quo in the heart of the Mississippi Delta.

Tip of the Arrow: the Selma Student Nonviolent Movement, a Study in Leadership, by Charles Bonner. Page Publishing, 2020. An "up-from-below" and "inside-out" examination of, and personal narratives by, the young students of Selma Alabama who from 1963 to 1965 were the tip of the nonviolent arrow in the fight for freedom and equality. Charles Bonner, the author, was one of the main student leaders and then a SNCC field secretary. Today he is one of the boldest civil rights attorneys in California.

Race Man: Selected Works, 1960- 2015, by Julian Bond. City Lights Publishers; 2020).

"Troublemaker" Memories of the Freedom Movement, by Bruce Hartford. Westwind Writers, 2019. Personal boots-on-the-ground memoir of four years service in the American Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1967.

Southern White Girl Seeks Social Change: A Twentieth Century Memoir, by Nancy Stoller. Bright Stuff, 2019. A memoir from the dawn of SNCC, women's liberation, and young people who "de-segregated" the US, each body on the line, every eye on the prize.

Acts of Resistance: A Freedom Rider Looks Back on the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith Frieze Wright. Apple Bay Publishing, 2019. A memoir of one person's experience in Mississippi during the early sixties.

Mississippi Reckoning, (novel) by Mitchell Zimmerman. Amazon/Kindle Direct Publishing 2019. The story of a despairing man's pursuit of justice for the victims of segregationist brutality, set against a sweeping backdrop of white supremacy rampant and the civil rights struggles of the 1940s and 1960s.

Crusader Without Violence: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr, by L.D. Reddick and Derryn Moten. Reissued by New South Books, 2018. First biography of Dr. King originally written in 1959 and now reissued.

Mississippi's Exiled Daughter, by Brenda Travis with John Obee. Story of Brenda Travis, whose 1961 arrest as a teenager helped galvanize opposition to racial discrimination in Mississippi. New South Books, June 2018.

The Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Kennedy Administration, 1960-1964: A History in Documents, by James P. Marshall. Louisiana State University Press, 2018. Freedom Movement veteran traces through government documents the Kennedy Administration's response to the Mississippi Movement.

Hope's Kids: A Voting Rights Summer, by Alan Venable. One Monkey Books, 2017. Describes Brandeis University's 1965 SCLC-SCOPE project in South Carolina.

Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966- 1971, by Martin L. Deppe. University of Georgia Press, 2017. Untold Story, of the unheralded leaders of thel SCLC program based in Chicago that broke a market stranglehold by white businesses in Black communities and empowered Black businesses in their own neighborhoods and beyond.

FILM & VIDEO:
1967 NBC News Interview with Martin Luther King, that was never broadcast and not made available until 2018. (27 minutes.)

Traveling With Dr. King, by Sunnylands & Gandhi-King Institute for Nonviolence. 2019. Video remembrance by people who knew and worked closely with Dr. King.

Iowans Return to Freedom Summer, by Keeping History Alive foundation. 2018. Firsthand accounts from six Freedom Summer volunteers from Iowa who reflect on their motivations, fears, triumphs and the life altering events that took place 50 years ago.

Heather Booth: Changing the World, a documentary film by Lily Rivlin. 2017. How the Civil Rights Movement inspired SNCC activist and Freedom Summer volunteer Heather Booth to a lifetime of fighting for social justice.

Stand for Freedom: The Life & Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock The story of Willie Peacock, one of the original SNCC field secretaries organzing in the Mississippi Delta. YouTube.

They Say I'm Your Teacher, nine minute video by Lucy Phenix about the Citizenship Schools (exerpted from the film You Got to Move: Stories of Change in the South.)

 
Web Links, Bibliography and Movement Archives updated, revised, & expanded.

As always comments, suggestions, corrections, and submissions from Freedom Movement activists are welcome. Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement who are listed on the website's Roll Call are encouraged to contribute to the website their stories, thoughts, documents, and memories & tributes of those who have passed on by emailing them to webmaster@crmvet.org.


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