Civil Rights Movement Archive

What's New & Announcements
July 1st, 2020

According to Google, 69,303 people visited the website during June for an average of 2310 per day. That average figure, however, is very misleading because the street protests and public discourse sparked by the police-lynching of George Floyd caused a huge spike in visits to our site. For comparison, in June of last year we averaged 392 visits per day. And it wasn't just Americans, 15% of our visitors came other nations. Most of those who came to us duriing the spike were primarily interested in accessing The Other America, Dr. King's famous 1967 speech about poverty and racism.

Now that the spike has leveled off, we are currently getting 500-1000 per day which is higher than normal for June when school is out of session.

 — Bruce Hartford, Webspinner.

Please Donate.
With a Little Help From Our Friends,
We'll keep on keeping on.

Ever since Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement established this CRMVet website in late 1999, it has been funded by personal donations from Freedom Movement activists and individual supporters. We carry on this work without any institutional support, foundation grants, or philanthropy contributions of any kind. So if you find our CRMVet site useful and worthy, please click here to make a donation to keep us alive and growing. Thank you for anything you are able to contribute.

Please consider converting your PayPal donation to an automatic monthly contribution by checking the "Make this a monthly donation" box on the amount screen when it pops up.

Sister Sites

SNCC Digital Gateway. SNCC Legacy Project & Duke University. tells the story of how young activists in SNCC united with local people in the Deep South to build a grassroots movement for change that empowered the Black community and transformed the nation.

Teaching for Change and Zinn Education Project. Provides teachers and parents with the tools to create schools where students learn to read, write and change the world by promoting and supporting the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country.

The SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). SLP was begun to preserve and extend SNCC's legacy. Although SNCC the organization no longer exists, we believe that its legacy continues and needs to be brought forward in ways that continue the struggle for freedom, justice and liberty.

Chicago SNCC History Project. Tells the Stories of Chicago Area Friends of SNCC (CAFSNCC), its relationship to SNCC, it's pivotal role in shaping the fight for freedom in Chicago between 1960-1965, and preserves that history as a legacy for the young people who are continuing the fight for freedom, justice and peace.

SCOPE 50. Preserving Civil Rights and The Story of Voting. Website of SCLC/SCOPE project activists.


Movement art: If you are aware of any works of art related to the Freedom Movement such as paintings, drawings, murals, statues, and so on, please take a look at our Civil Rights Movement Art page to see if we already have an image of it in our collection. If it isn't included in our collection please email us an image we can post, or a weblink, or some other information that we can use. Thanks.

Movement Materials: Please continue to send us documents, letters, reports, stories, and other Southern Freedom Movement materials from the period 1951-1968.

New Movement Documents

1952Voting Restrictions in Mississippi, Aaron Henry, RCNL, Albert Powell, PVL. April 27, 1952
1953Voter registration/drive donations & remittances, various, RCNL? 1953
1957 Summary of Research on Library Situation, Atlanta, GA. Whitney Young, ACHR. 1957
????Memo to prospective voluneers, Secondris Hawkins, Washington DC Urban League. Undated
62? 63?Victims of Voter Registration, A Call for Help from Mississippi, Unsigned, OFC. Undated (probably late '62 or early '63)
62? 63?Harassments, Boycotts, Shootings, regarding Ruleille MS. Unsigned, OFC. Undated (probably late '62 or early '63)
1963?Memo: Freedom Registration in Mississippi,, Unsigned, COFO. Undated (probably fall of 1963)
1963Voter Education Project Expense Vouchers, Unsigned, COFO. January 13, 1963
1964Tentative Plan for Organizition of Freedom Schools, Community Center, MSU in Valley View, Unsigned, COFO. Undated 1964 (probably summer or early fall)
1964Specific Staff Assignments and event plan, Unsigned, CORE, Madison & Rankin Counties, MS. Undated 1964 (probably late summer or early fall)
1964CORE Mississippi Fourth District Office Files, Unsigned, CORE. 1964
1964Subjects on which information is readily available, Unsigned, CORE. 1964
1964Memo re office phones, Margaret Cunningham, COFO. Undated (probably late summer or early fall 1964)
1965Precinct Meeting at Saint Paul's, Unsigned flyer, (MFDP). 1965
1965?Questions for the District Office to Handle, MS. Unsigned, CORE. Undated (possibly 1965)
1965Report of the Resolutions Committee, SNCC "Jobs and Food" Leadership Conference. November 1965
1965Things Stolen from 4th District Office, Unsigned, CORE. November 8 1965
1966Mississippi voter registration number by district and county, unsinged MFDP. Undated, 1966
65? 66?CORE list of contacts and resources, Unsigned, CORE. Undated (possibly 1965 or 1966)
1966The ABC's of Voting, Unsigned, MFDP. June 3, 1966
1967Bolivar County Handbook for Voter Education, Unsigned, Bolivar County Education Committee. Undated, 1967
1967Instructions for Candidates in the Democratic Primary, Fred Wallace, Voter Educational and Security Project. For August 8, 1967
1967Report on workers & expenses, location unknown. Ethel Gaddison, VEP, November 8 1967
1968Statement by Mao Tse-Tung on assassination of Dr. King, April 16, 1968

Los Angeles CA Protests, 1963-1964
2/64COREL.A. CORE Organizing Calendar
2/1/64COREL.A. CORE Membership Bulletin
3/64COREL.A. CORE Organizing Calendar
3/64COREL.A. CORE-Lator, newsletter. Vol 1, Num 1
3/6/64COREL.A. CORE Membership Bulletin
3/11/64COREDear Friend of Freedom, L.A. CORE recruitment letter, Arthur Silver, Chair, L.A. CORE. March 11, 1964

New Letters & Reports From the Field

5/27/63Frank Smith, SNCCIntimidation, (MS)
7/64Unsigned, COFOGluckstadt General Information
7/64Unsigned VR workersNote to Rudy [Lombard] re meeting, undated (July '64?)
7/64Unsigned, COFOMoss Point-Pascagoula report (MS)
8/64?Ohls, Lepper & WattsReport re Madison Co. activities, undated (possibly July or August '64)
10/5/64Phil Sharp, COFODaily Reports, Canton MS, Sept 28-Oct 5
10/5/64Nancy Jervis? COFODaily Reports, Canton MS, Sept 28-Oct 5
10/05/64Mary Jo Shupenko, (COFO)Incident Summary, Canton/Madison Co. MS.
1/10/65Andrew Green, COFOValley View Weekly Report, Madison Co. MS
1/26/65Andrew Green, COFOReport on Billy Nobel surveillance, Valley View, MS.
1/31/65Andrew Green, COFOWeekly Report on Madison County activities, MS
02/03/65Andrew Green, (COFO)Weely Report Valley View, MS
02/07/65Unsigned COFOReport on the Canton Project, MS
02/18/65Lee, (COFO)Weekly Report from Valley View Office, MS

New Additions to Our Stories

Freddie Greene BiddleInterview by Emilye Crosby re SNCC, Greenwood, & the movement, 2015.
PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Courtland CoxInterview by Joseph Mosnier, re NAG, SNCC, the movement & 6th Pan-African Congress, 2011.
PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Dorothy CottonInterview by Joseph Mosnier, re Dr. King, SCLC, Citizenship Schools, & the movement, 2011.
PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Robert HaylingInterview by Joseph Mosnier, re St. Augustine FL, SCLC, & the movement, 2011.
PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Hicks familyInterview by Joseph Mosnier re CORE, Deacons for Defense, & Bogalusa LA movement, 2011.
PDF transcript Video + bio & metadata
Jennifer LawsonInterview by Emilye Crosby re SNCC & the movement, 2015.
PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata
Charles SherrodInterview by Joseph Mosnier, re SNCC & Albany movement, 2011.
PDF transcriptVideo + bio & metadata

New Articles & Speeches From the Southern Freedom Movement

1968The Civil Rights Movement: What Good Was It?, Alice Walker. Undated, possibly 1968

New Additions to Our Thoughts

Ron CarverI Remember the Lynchings of the 1960s
Thoughts & Comments on the Mass Protests & Anti-Racist Movement of Mid-2020
Many VoicesThoughts & Comments of Freedom Movement Veterans
Courtland Cox & Charlie CobbProtest, Race, and the American Future
National Council of EldersNCOE Condemns Police Killings of George Floyd and Police Violence Against Protestors
Peggy Damond PreacelyReflection on the Night of May 30, Los Angeles
Mike MillerBlack Lives Matter and the State of the Union
Sheila LongFifty-Five Years Later
Marion KwanMy Take: Protesting in 2020
Josh GouldI Ain't Mr. Jones
Michael Rooke-LeyImpossible to Ignore Any Longer:
Harcourt KlinefelterSpeech at Black Lives Matter Protest, Almere, Netherlands
Joyce LadnerDemocracy Dies in Darkness
Jan HillegasLinking Past, Present and Future
Sherie LabedisProtest March
Rubye Howard Braye Black, Female, and Awake in America — 2020
Eric MannThe Struggle for No Police in the Los Angeles Schools
Ron RidenourLooking Back at Today's Uprisings

New Names Added to the Activist Roll Call

Steven Halliwell - NAACP, 1962-1965, MD, AL
Marilyn Lowen - SNCC, CDGM, 1965-1968, MS, AL
Vincent Wu - SCLC, 1965-1966, AL, MS

New Tributes & Memories added to In Memory

Connie Curry
Shai Holsaert

New Answers Added to Frequently Asked Questions:

No new answers added this month.

New Additions to Poetry
The Poetry section is one of the most-visited parts of the site.

No new poems added this month.

New Additions to the Photo Album Pages:

Pins of the Civil Rights Movement

New (more or less) Books, Films, & Videos by Freedom Movement Veterans


Tip of the Arrow: the Selma Student Nonviolent Movement, a Study in Leadership, by Charles Bonner. Page Publishing, 2020. An "up-from-below" and "inside-out" examination of, and personal narratives by, the young students of Selma Alabama who from 1963 to 1965 were the tip of the nonviolent arrow in the fight for freedom and equality. Charles Bonner, the author, was one of the main student leaders and then a SNCC field secretary. Today he is one of the boldest civil rights attorneys in California.

"Troublemaker" Memories of the Freedom Movement, by Bruce Hartford. Westwind Writers, 2019. Personal boots-on-the-ground memoir of four years service in the American Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1967.

Southern White Girl Seeks Social Change: A Twentieth Century Memoir, by Nancy Stoller. Bright Stuff, 2019. A memoir from the dawn of SNCC, women's liberation, and young people who "de-segregated" the US, each body on the line, every eye on the prize.

Acts of Resistance: A Freedom Rider Looks Back on the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith Frieze Wright. Apple Bay Publishing, 2019. A memoir of one person's experience in Mississippi during the early sixties.

Mississippi Reckoning, (novel) by Mitchell Zimmerman. Amazon/Kindle Direct Publishing 2019. The story of a despairing man's pursuit of justice for the victims of segregationist brutality, set against a sweeping backdrop of white supremacy rampant and the civil rights struggles of the 1940s and 1960s.

Crusader Without Violence: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr, by L.D. Reddick and Derryn Moten. Reissued by New South Books, 2018. First biography of Dr. King originally written in 1959 and now reissued.

Mississippi's Exiled Daughter, by Brenda Travis with John Obee. Story of Brenda Travis, whose 1961 arrest as a teenager helped galvanize opposition to racial discrimination in Mississippi. New South Books, June 2018.

The Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Kennedy Administration, 1960-1964: A History in Documents, by James P. Marshall. Louisiana State University Press, 2018. Freedom Movement veteran traces through government documents the Kennedy Administration's response to the Mississippi Movement.

Hope's Kids: A Voting Rights Summer, by Alan Venable. One Monkey Books, 2017. Describes Brandeis University's 1965 SCLC-SCOPE project in South Carolina.

Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966- 1971, by Martin L. Deppe. University of Georgia Press, 2017. Untold Story, of the unheralded leaders of thel SCLC program based in Chicago that broke a market stranglehold by white businesses in Black communities and empowered Black businesses in their own neighborhoods and beyond.

1967 NBC News Interview with Martin Luther King, that was never broadcast and not made available until 2018. (27 minutes.)

Traveling With Dr. King, by Sunnylands & Gandhi-King Institute for Nonviolence. 2019. Video remembrance by people who knew and worked closely with Dr. King.

Iowans Return to Freedom Summer, by Keeping History Alive foundation. 2018. Firsthand accounts from six Freedom Summer volunteers from Iowa who reflect on their motivations, fears, triumphs and the life altering events that took place 50 years ago.

Heather Booth: Changing the World, a documentary film by Lily Rivlin. 2017. How the Civil Rights Movement inspired SNCC activist and Freedom Summer volunteer Heather Booth to a lifetime of fighting for social justice.

Stand for Freedom: The Life & Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock The story of Willie Peacock, one of the original SNCC field secretaries organzing in the Mississippi Delta. YouTube.

They Say I'm Your Teacher, nine minute video by Lucy Phenix about the Citizenship Schools (exerpted from the film You Got to Move: Stories of Change in the South.)

Web Links, Bibliography and Movement Archives updated, revised, & expanded.

As always comments, suggestions, corrections, and submissions from Freedom Movement activists are welcome. Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement who are listed on the website's Roll Call are encouraged to contribute to the website their stories, thoughts, documents, and memories & tributes of those who have passed on by emailing them to

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