Civil Rights Movement Archive

What's New & Announcements for
December 1st, 2019

According to Google, 22,938 people visited the website during November for an average of 747 per day. On school days, the number of visitors ranged from 450 to 1000 per day. (Most of our traffic comes on school days, least amount on weekends when they're not doing their homework.) Roughly 17% of our visitors came from outside the U.S.

 — Bruce Hartford, Webspinner.

Please Donate.
With a Little Help From Our Friends,
We'll keep on keeping on.

Ever since Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement established this CRMVet website in late 1999, it has been funded by personal donations from Freedom Movement activists and individual supporters. We carry on this work without any foundation grants or high-donor contributions. The only institutional support we receive is from Tougaloo College in Jackson MS who provide the web server on which the site runs. They will assume responsibility for the site when we can no longer continue. So if you find our CRMVet site useful and worthy, we ask for your donation to keep it growing. Thank you for anything you are able to contribute.

Please consider converting your PayPal donation to an automatic monthly contribution by checking the "Make this a monthly donation" box on the amount screen when it pops up.

Sister Sites

SNCC Digital Gateway. SNCC Legacy Project & Duke University. tells the story of how young activists in SNCC united with local people in the Deep South to build a grassroots movement for change that empowered the Black community and transformed the nation.

Teaching for Change and Zinn Education Project. Provides teachers and parents with the tools to create schools where students learn to read, write and change the world by promoting and supporting the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country.

The SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). SLP was begun to preserve and extend SNCC's legacy. Although SNCC the organization no longer exists, we believe that its legacy continues and needs to be brought forward in ways that continue the struggle for freedom, justice and liberty.

Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement. Empowering the next generation, passing it on to carry it on by preserving the history of the Mississippi Movement.

Chicago SNCC History Project. Tells the Stories of Chicago Area Friends of SNCC (CAFSNCC), its relationship to SNCC, it's pivotal role in shaping the fight for freedom in Chicago between 1960-1965, and preserves that history as a legacy for the young people who are continuing the fight for freedom, justice and peace.

SCOPE 50. Preserving Civil Rights and The Story of Voting. Website of SCLC/SCOPE project activists.


The Spirit of Freedom. CD $25. A vocal duet by award winning vocalist LaRhonda Steele and Karen Haberman Trusty (SNCC, 1963-1964). This CD is a collection of modern versions of Freedom Songs and spoken word pieces about SNCC and its significance for today. "These songs are the Battle Cry against the oppression of my people. I am deeply moved by this project and its relevance," LaRhonda Steele. To order, email:

Organizing Our Strength for Tomorrow: A Call to Gather on SNCC's 60th Anniversary. Washington, DC. April 16-19, 2020. For details and registration information: SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference.

Movement art: If you are aware of any works of art related to the Freedom Movement such as paintings, drawings, murals, statues, and so on, please take a look at our Civil Rights Movement Art page to see if we already have an image of it in our collection. If it isn't included in our collection please email us an image we can post, or a weblink, or some other information that we can use. Thanks.

Movement Materials: Please continue to send us documents, letters, reports, stories, and other Southern Freedom Movement materials from the period 1951-1968.

New Movement Documents

1962Interview re: Couple fired for registering to vote, LuElla Hicks. SNCC. September 17 1962
1963Agreement (Treaty of Cambridge), Gloria Richardson (CNAC), local and Justice Department officials. July 2 1963.
1963To the Attorney General of the United States, SNCC petition version 2
1964Why We Protest, re Atlanta segregation. John Lewis, Larry Fox. SNCC. February 1 1964
See Atlanta Sit-ins & Mass Arrests (Dec-Feb) for background.
1964u.m.z. Newsletter #9 regarding the Atlanta protests of December-February of 1963-1964. Walter Tillow. SNCC.
1964SNCC statement on Atlanta demonstrations of December-February 1963-1964, Unsigned, SNCC. February 10, 1964
1964Chronology of Recent Events in Canton MS, Unsigned, SNCC. February 4, 1964
1964Memo to Continuations Committee of SSOC re relations with SNCC, Anne Braden. SCEF. April 17 1964
1964McComb Incident Summary, MS, June-September 1964, Unsigned, SNCC. June 1964
1964Survey form: Evaluation of the Hattiesburg MS Ministers Project and the COFO Project, Unsigned, Delta Ministries. July 1964
1965John Lewis statement on Africa, John Lewis, SNCC. February 1965
1965Southwest Georgia outreach, Roy Shields Jr, SNCC. February 1965
1965SNCC WATS incident report summary, February 1965
1965SNCC Contacts List, Unsigned. SNCC. 1965
1965CORE Financial Report - Month of May 1965
1965CORE Community Action Guide, June 1965
1965CORE Fact Sheet for Enforcement of the Fair Employment Act, June 1965
1965CORE Field Fellowship applications, June 1965
1965CORE contact list of Louisiana ASCS offices, June 1965
1966SNCC Does Not Wish to Become the White Man's Burden , I.E. Stone, SNCC. June 10, 1966
1966SNCC's new executive officers, Unsigned, SNCC. June 10, 1966
1967Letter to Amzie Moore re National Conference on Black Power, Nathan Wright, NCBP. February 15, 1967
1967Letter re Amzie Moore nomination as hospital director, K.H. Smith. Mound Bayou Hospital. March 25, 1967
1967COPE Letter re Voter Registration Workshops, Claude Ramsay, AFL-CIO. March 28 1967
1968H. Rap Brown political prisoner, Unsigned, SDS. February 7, 1968

Press Releases
3/20/64SNCCSNCC press releases:
Greenwood Freedom Day Set
Fact Sheet on LeFlore County, Mississippi
7/16/64SNCCDrew Police Arrest 25 More
10/18/64SNCCOver 50 Mississippi Bombing and Burning Incidents
7/31/65SNCCMaid Strike: Join Freedom Union
8/1/65SNCCClarification of MFDP statement & position on Vietnam War

1965CORE-Lator CORE national newsletter, May-June, 1965

Mississippi Free Press issues:
January 5, 1962, Two activists arrested for bring food to starving families, Picketers Attempt to Disqualify Judge Cox
January 12, 1963, Ministers Speak Out on Discrimination, Conservatives Lose House Rules Battle
January 19, 1963, Meredith harrassed at 'Ole Miss, Mississippi group calls for civil rights hearings
January 26, 1963, Clyde Kennard dying of cancer refused medical treatment, Gulf Coast school segreagation
February 2, 1963, Meredith Will Return to Ole Miss, Kennard released from jail
Febuary 9, 1963, Ole Miss case goes to circuit court, Four beatings in Brandon
February 16, 1963, Sharecroppers Tell of Poverty in Delta, Federal money supports job bias
February 23, 1963, ILGWU Says Firm Threatened Workers, Oppose U.S. Support to Bias in Training

New Letters & Reports From the Field

1963?Report from Sasser GAFaith Holsaert, Ralph Allen
12/27/63Report on perjury sentence & SWGA workJoni Rabinowitz (SNCC)
6/18/64Letter to Tom Levin re medical support (MS)Carol Rogoff, SNCC
2/65Selma Alabama and the White Northern Liberal (AL)Judy Walborn (MFP-SU)
Letters & Reports From Sunflower Co. & Ruleville Mississippi
9/21/62Letter to President John F. Kennedy voting threatsCharles R. McLaurin (SNCC)
12/04/62Ruleville and Drew reportUnsigned (SNCC)
1/63Update from Sunflower CountyUnsigned (SNCC)
1964Ruleville threats & shootings for registering to vote  Charles Cobb (SNCC)
1964M.C. Perry Charged with Distrubing the PeaceC.A. Frerichs (SNCC)
8/64Harrassment in Sunflower CountyLeonard Edward (COFO? SNCC?)

New Additions to Our Stories

Fred BattleOral History Interview (Chapel Hill, Greensboro)
Phil HutchingsOral History interview  (SNCC)
Sheila MichaelsSitting-In on Attorney General Robert Kennedy (DC)
Bayard RustinNonviolence vs. Jim Crow, 1942
Michael ThelwellOral History Interview (DC)

Affadavits of Repression, Retaliation & Violence
1964Affadavit of Leona McClendon and Tommy Buckley, re fired for supporting civil rights workers
1964Affadavit of Martha Connely and Mr. Connely , re Blacklisted for housing white civil rights workers
1964Affadavit of Leonard Davis, re Blacklisted for housing white civil rights workers
1964Affadavit of Willieball Smith, re Fired for helping with voter registration
1964Affadavit of Eva Mae Williams, re Black grade students forced into slave labor
1964Affadavit of Darnella West, re Black grade students forced into slave labor
1964Affadavit of William Beverly, re Black grade school students forced into slave labor
1964Affadavit of Roy Childs, re Black grade school students forced into slave labor
1964Affadavit of Shirley Ford, re Black grade school students forced into slave labor

New Articles & Speeches From the Southern Freedom Movement

1964Mississippi Eyewitness, Ramparts Magazine special report.
     Cover & front matter
     The Faces of Philadelphia (MS), James Marshall
     The Tip-Off, John Howard Griffen
     Contents & end papers
1965Negro alliances article, Bob Moses, SNCC. Pacific Scene February 1965

New Additions to Our Thoughts

Four Essays on Mississippi: America's Only Police StateCarl Young, 1964

New Names Added to the Activist Roll Call

No new names added to the Roll Call this month

New Tributes & Memories added to In Memory

Jack O'Dell

New Additions to Poetry
The Poetry section is one of the most-visited parts of the site.

The Little Rock 9, by Afaa Michael Weaver

New Additions to the Photo Album Pages:

Young People Lead the Way
The Sit-Ins — Off Campus and Into Movement
The Children's Crusade
Freedom Is a Constant Struggle
Freedom Summer
Selma, Lord, Selma
Before I'll Be a Slave...
Poor Peoples Campaign & I Am a Man
Pins of the Civil Rights Movement
Freedom Movement Album Covers

New Books, Films, & Videos by Freedom Movement Veterans


"Troublemaker" Memories of the Freedom Movement, by Bruce Hartford. Westwind Writers, 2019. Personal boots-on-the-ground memoir of four years service in the American Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1967.

Southern White Girl Seeks Social Change: A Twentieth Century Memoir, by Nancy Stoller. Bright Stuff, 2019. A memoir from the dawn of SNCC, women's liberation, and young people who "de-segregated" the US, each body on the line, every eye on the prize.

Acts of Resistance: A Freedom Rider Looks Back on the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith Frieze Wright. Apple Bay Publishing, 2019. A memoir of one person's experience in Mississippi during the early sixties.

Mississippi Reckoning, (novel) by Mitchell Zimmerman. Amazon/Kindle Direct Publishing 2019. The story of a despairing man's pursuit of justice for the victims of segregationist brutality, set against a sweeping backdrop of white supremacy rampant and the civil rights struggles of the 1940s and 1960s.

Crusader Without Violence: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr, by L.D. Reddick and Derryn Moten. Reissued by New South Books, 2018. First biography of Dr. King originally written in 1959 and now reissued.

Mississippi's Exiled Daughter, by Brenda Travis with John Obee. Story of Brenda Travis, whose 1961 arrest as a teenager helped galvanize opposition to racial discrimination in Mississippi. New South Books, June 2018.

The Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Kennedy Administration, 1960-1964: A History in Documents, by James P. Marshall. Louisiana State University Press, 2018. Freedom Movement veteran traces through government documents the Kennedy Administration's response to the Mississippi Movement.

Hope's Kids: A Voting Rights Summer, by Alan Venable. One Monkey Books, 2017. Describes Brandeis University's 1965 SCLC-SCOPE project in South Carolina.

Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966- 1971, by Martin L. Deppe. University of Georgia Press, 2017. Untold Story, of the unheralded leaders of thel SCLC program based in Chicago that broke a market stranglehold by white businesses in Black communities and empowered Black businesses in their own neighborhoods and beyond.

1967 NBC News Interview with Martin Luther King, that was never broadcast and not made available until 2018. (27 minutes.)

Traveling With Dr. King, by Sunnylands & Gandhi-King Institute for Nonviolence. 2019. Video remembrance by people who knew and worked closely with Dr. King.

Iowans Return to Freedom Summer, by Keeping History Alive foundation. 2018. Firsthand accounts from six Freedom Summer volunteers from Iowa who reflect on their motivations, fears, triumphs and the life altering events that took place 50 years ago.

Heather Booth: Changing the World, a documentary film by Lily Rivlin. 2017. How the Civil Rights Movement inspired SNCC activist and Freedom Summer volunteer Heather Booth to a lifetime of fighting for social justice.

Stand for Freedom: The Life & Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock The story of Willie Peacock, one of the original SNCC field secretaries organzing in the Mississippi Delta. YouTube.

Web Links, Bibliography and Movement Archives updated, revised, & expanded.

As always comments, suggestions, corrections, and submissions from Freedom Movement activists are welcome. Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement who are listed on the website's Roll Call are encouraged to contribute to the website their stories, thoughts, documents, and memories & tributes of those who have passed on by emailing them to

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