Civil Rights Movement Archive

What's New & Announcements
November 1st, 2020

According to Google, 23,583 people visited the website during October for an average of 760 per day. On school days, the number of visitors ranged from 700 to 1300 per day. Roughly 15% of our visitors came from outside the U.S.

 — Bruce Hartford, Webspinner.

Please Donate.
With a Little Help From Our Friends,
We'll keep on keeping on.

Ever since Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement established this CRMVet website in late 1999, it has been funded by personal donations from Freedom Movement activists and individual supporters. We carry on this work without any institutional support, foundation grants, or philanthropy contributions of any kind. So if you find our CRMVet site useful and worthy, please click here to make a donation to keep us alive and growing. Thank you for anything you are able to contribute.

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Sister Sites

SNCC Digital Gateway. SNCC Legacy Project & Duke University. tells the story of how young activists in SNCC united with local people in the Deep South to build a grassroots movement for change that empowered the Black community and transformed the nation.

Teaching for Change and Zinn Education Project. Provides teachers and parents with the tools to create schools where students learn to read, write and change the world by promoting and supporting the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country.

The SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). SLP was begun to preserve and extend SNCC's legacy. Although SNCC the organization no longer exists, we believe that its legacy continues and needs to be brought forward in ways that continue the struggle for freedom, justice and liberty.

Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement. Empowering the next generation, passing it on to carry it on by preserving the history of the Mississippi Movement.

Chicago SNCC History Project. Tells the Stories of Chicago Area Friends of SNCC (CAFSNCC), its relationship to SNCC, it's pivotal role in shaping the fight for freedom in Chicago between 1960-1965, and preserves that history as a legacy for the young people who are continuing the fight for freedom, justice and peace.

SCOPE 50. Preserving Civil Rights and The Story of Voting. Website of SCLC/SCOPE project activists.

Announcements

Organizing Our Strength for Tomorrow: A Call to Gather on SNCC's 60th Anniversary rescheduled to June 3-5, 2021 in Washington DC at the Shoreham Hotel. For details and registration information: SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference.

Now Available: SNCC a 2020 film by SNCC photographer Danny Lyon. This 75-minute film can be streamed for free by clicking on the above link. SNCC brings together hundreds of never seen black-and-white photographs made by Danny during the years that he was employed as the staff photographer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The images are layered with archival audio recordings of speeches by, and conversations with, John Lewis, Julian Bond, Dotty Zellner, among others, as well as freedom songs that were recorded by Alan Ribback in churches and meetings in Atlanta in the 1960s and recently rediscovered.

Now Available: My Race to Freedom: A Life in the Civil Rights Movement, by Gwendolyn (Gwen) Patton. NewSouth Books, 2020. Autobiography & Movement memoir by a long-term stalwart of the Freedom Movement — Montgomery Bus Boycott & Montgomery Improvement Association, student sit-ins, Freedom Rides, student activism at Tuskegee, voter-registration and rural organizing, Selma and the March to Montgomery.

Movement art: If you are aware of any works of art related to the Freedom Movement such as paintings, drawings, murals, statues, and so on, please take a look at our Civil Rights Movement Art page to see if we already have an image of it in our collection. If it isn't included in our collection please email us an image we can post, or a weblink, or some other information that we can use. Thanks.

Movement Materials: Please continue to email to us documents, letters, reports, stories, and other Southern Freedom Movement materials from the period 1951-1968. If you have paper-based materials, please make good quality photo-copies and postal mail them to us for scanning and uploading (see About Us for postal address).

New Movement Documents

1961An Appeal for Human Rights, Atlanta students declaration before their sit-ins.
1965Title 6 How To Protect Your Rights (form), Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965Title 7 Fair Employment Info and complaint form, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965Louisianna voter registration test result request form, Unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965Persons to Registrar's Office list form, unsigned, CORE. June, 1965
1965Questions for Discussion CORE summer project, political awareness workshop. June, 1965
1965Agriculture Stabilization & Conservation Service (ASCS) Report, United States Commission on Civil Rights. Unsigned (possibly a summary prepared by CORE). June, 1965
1965Fellow Civil Rights Worker, memo on filing Title VII employment discrimination. D'Army Bailey, NAACP, and unsigned CORE. June 23, 1965
1965Memo to Freedom School Workshop Peoples, Mrs. Kenneth Montgomery, HREC. June 23, 1965
1965Memo: Finances and Reports procedures, Ronnie M. Moore, CORE. June 26, 1965
1965Dear Fearless CORE Worker memo to project workers, Sharon Burger, CORE. June 28, 1965
1965Open Memo re Support of the Challenge to the Seating of Mississippi Congressmen, large number of signatories. September 9, 1965
1965Memo re Challenge Trip to Washington DC, Unsigned, MFDP. Undated (probably late August or early September, 1965)
1967Letter to Amzie Moore re SRRP project to investigate discrimination in federal programs, Donald Jelinek. SRRP. June 14, 1967
1967Letter to Amzie Moore re Mississippi Freedom Labor Union, Coleman Miller. NFSNC. June 26, 1967
67? 68?MFDP and the Chicago Convention, Unsigned, MFDP. Undated (possibly late 1967 or early 1968)

WATS Reports (Log of daily phone-in reports)

1964SNCC July 16, 1964
1964SNCC July 17, 1964
1964SNCC July 17, 1964
1964SNCC July 18, 1964
1964SNCC Digest July 19, 1964
1964SNCC July 19-20, 1964
1964SNCC July 20, 1964
1964SNCC Digest July 19-20, 1964
1964SNCC July 21, 1964
1964SNCC July 14-21 Summary, 1964
1965SNCC WATS line report summary, (minute by minute reports: Selma, "Bloody Sunday". March 7 1965.)

Mississippi Free Press issues:

January 18, 1964, Vote Denials Blasted, McComb Shooting Damages Homes, Federal Intervention Needed, Moses Says
January 25, 1964, Canton Fights Back, District Court Judges Often Show Prejudice, TV star refuses to attend all-white show
February 1, 1964, Poll Tax Outlawed, 300 in Hattiesburg Demand Ballot Rights, Al Hirt refuses to play to segregated audience
February 8, 1964, Three Students Shot, Never Turn Back -- Henry, Army Official Denies Segregation

Los Angeles CA Protests, 1963-1964

5/29/64BofAAdvertisement opposing CORE employment-discrimination protests, Bank of America (published in UCLA Senior Bruin newspaper
5/29/64COREFlyer protesting racially-motivated flyer by Vickers Inc. Unsigned L.A.CORE.
5/30/64N-VAC We're Having a Going Away Party, fundraising flyer for jail-bound protesters. Unsigned, N-VAC

New Letters & Reports From the Field

7/7/64Michael Piore, COFOFederal Programs Project Weekly Report, Canton
7/7/64Unsigned COFOFreedom School at Asbury Church, [Handwritten report]
7/8/64Alexander Harper, COFOCanvasing report, Canton
7/8/64Don Elliott, COFOReport on Trip to Columbus, MS Lowndes Co.
7/9/64Louis Grant, COFOReport on visit to Sheriff of Washington County, Greenville
10/4/67William Alexander (candidate)Letter to Amzie Moore asking for his political support in state Senate race. (MS)
10/10/67Willard McIlwan (candidate)Letter to Amzie Moore asking for his political support in state Senate race. (MS)
10/31/67Rubel Phillips (candidate)Letter to Amzie Moore asking for his political support in Governor's race. (MS)

New Additions to Our Stories

Lawrence GuyotOral History Interview, by Julian Bond. 2010
Phil HutchingsInterview by Joseph Mosnier, re NAG, SNCC, & the movement, 2011
Timothy JenkinsInterview by Emilye Crosby re SNCC and the movement, 2015.
Frankye Adams JohnsonInterview by Emilye Crosby re Mississippi Movement, 2015

New Articles & Speeches From the Southern Freedom Movement

1947An Appeal to the World, edited by W.E.B. DuBois. NAACP petition to the United Nations.
1955Address to Montgomery Bus Boycott Mass Meeting (transcript), Rev. Martin Luther King (MIA), Holt Street Baptist Church, December 12, 1955.

New Articles Added to Freedom Movement History

Mississippi Freedom Summer, 1964 108-page PDF pamphlet

New Additions to Our Thoughts

Nonviolence, Self-Defense & ProvocateursBruce Hartford
The Tyranny of StructurelessnessJo Freeman, 1972

New Names Added to the Activist Roll Call

No new names added to the Roll Call this month

New Tributes & Memories added to In Memory

Betty Garman Robinson

New Additions to Article Reprints

Freedom Summer 1964 (108-page PDF pamphlet)

New Answers Added to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

No new answers added this month.

New Additions to Poetry
The Poetry section is one of the most-visited parts of the site.

Julian Bond Poem about Connie Curry, 1990
June Jordan, In Memoriam: Martin Luther King, Jr.
Peggy Trotter Dammond Preacely, She. Her. Hers. (homage to Ruth Bader Ginsberg)

New Additions to the Photo Album Pages:

Young People Lead the Way
Keep Your Eyes on the Prize
The Sit-Ins — Off Campus and Into Movement
The Children's Crusade
March on Washington
Grenada Freedom Movement, 1966
Freedom Movement Art

 
Recent Books, Films, & Videos by Freedom Movement Veterans

BOOKS:

My Race to Freedom: A Life in the Civil Rights Movement, by Gwendolyn (Gwen) Patton. NewSouth Books, 2020. Autobiography & Movement memoir by a long-term stalwart of the Freedom Movement — Montgomery Bus Boycott & Montgomery Improvement Association, student sit-ins, Freedom Rides, student activism at Tuskegee, voter-registration and rural organizing, Selma and the March to Montgomery.

Voices from the Mississippi Hill Country ~ The Benton County Civil Rights Movement, by Roy DeBerry, Aviva Futorian, Stephen Klein, and John Lyons. University Press of Mississippi, August 2020. History of the Benton movement and personal narratives of local Freedom Movement participants.

A Small Town Rises: A Sharecropper and a College Girl Join the Struggle for Justice in Shaw, Mississippi, by Lee Anna Sherman with Movement veterans Eddie Short and recent college grad Mary Sue Gellatly. Bog Lily Press, 2020. Chronicles the lives of two civil rights activists who met in the tiny cotton-town of Shaw during Freedom Summer. Shaw was, like countless segregated towns across the South, a pressure cooker of violent white resistance to the growing civil rights movement. The two young freedom fighters joined forces in 1964 with local black activist Andrew Hawkins and a host of courageous townspeople to challenge and disrupt the status quo in the heart of the Mississippi Delta.

Tip of the Arrow: the Selma Student Nonviolent Movement, a Study in Leadership, by Charles Bonner. Page Publishing, 2020. An "up-from-below" and "inside-out" examination of, and personal narratives by, the young students of Selma Alabama who from 1963 to 1965 were the tip of the nonviolent arrow in the fight for freedom and equality. Charles Bonner, the author, was one of the main student leaders and then a SNCC field secretary. Today he is one of the boldest civil rights attorneys in California.

Race Man: Selected Works, 1960- 2015, by Julian Bond. City Lights Publishers; 2020).

"Troublemaker" Memories of the Freedom Movement, by Bruce Hartford. Westwind Writers, 2019. Personal boots-on-the-ground memoir of four years service in the American Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1967.

Southern White Girl Seeks Social Change: A Twentieth Century Memoir, by Nancy Stoller. Bright Stuff, 2019. A memoir from the dawn of SNCC, women's liberation, and young people who "de-segregated" the US, each body on the line, every eye on the prize.

Acts of Resistance: A Freedom Rider Looks Back on the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith Frieze Wright. Apple Bay Publishing, 2019. A memoir of one person's experience in Mississippi during the early sixties.

Mississippi Reckoning, (novel) by Mitchell Zimmerman. Amazon/Kindle Direct Publishing 2019. The story of a despairing man's pursuit of justice for the victims of segregationist brutality, set against a sweeping backdrop of white supremacy rampant and the civil rights struggles of the 1940s and 1960s.

Crusader Without Violence: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr, by L.D. Reddick and Derryn Moten. Reissued by New South Books, 2018. First biography of Dr. King originally written in 1959 and now reissued.

Mississippi's Exiled Daughter, by Brenda Travis with John Obee. Story of Brenda Travis, whose 1961 arrest as a teenager helped galvanize opposition to racial discrimination in Mississippi. New South Books, June 2018.

The Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Kennedy Administration, 1960-1964: A History in Documents, by James P. Marshall. Louisiana State University Press, 2018. Freedom Movement veteran traces through government documents the Kennedy Administration's response to the Mississippi Movement.

Hope's Kids: A Voting Rights Summer, by Alan Venable. One Monkey Books, 2017. Describes Brandeis University's 1965 SCLC-SCOPE project in South Carolina.

Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966- 1971, by Martin L. Deppe. University of Georgia Press, 2017. Untold Story, of the unheralded leaders of thel SCLC program based in Chicago that broke a market stranglehold by white businesses in Black communities and empowered Black businesses in their own neighborhoods and beyond.

FILM & VIDEO:
SNCC a 2020 film by SNCC photographer Danny Lyon. This 75-minute film can be streamed for free by clicking on the above link. Includes hundreds of never seen black-and-white photographs, layered with archival audio recordings of speeches by, and conversations with, John Lewis, Julian Bond, Dotty Zellner, among others, as well as freedom songs that were recorded by Alan Ribback in churches and meetings in Atlanta in the 1960s and recently rediscovered.

1967 NBC News Interview with Martin Luther King, that was never broadcast and not made available until 2018. (27 minutes.)

Traveling With Dr. King, by Sunnylands & Gandhi-King Institute for Nonviolence. 2019. Video remembrance by people who knew and worked closely with Dr. King.

Iowans Return to Freedom Summer, by Keeping History Alive foundation. 2018. Firsthand accounts from six Freedom Summer volunteers from Iowa who reflect on their motivations, fears, triumphs and the life altering events that took place 50 years ago.

Heather Booth: Changing the World, a documentary film by Lily Rivlin. 2017. How the Civil Rights Movement inspired SNCC activist and Freedom Summer volunteer Heather Booth to a lifetime of fighting for social justice.

Stand for Freedom: The Life & Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock The story of Willie Peacock, one of the original SNCC field secretaries organzing in the Mississippi Delta. YouTube.

They Say I'm Your Teacher, nine minute video by Lucy Phenix about the Citizenship Schools (exerpted from the film You Got to Move: Stories of Change in the South.)

 
Web Links, Bibliography and Movement Archives updated, revised, & expanded.

As always comments, suggestions, corrections, and submissions from Freedom Movement activists are welcome. Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement who are listed on the website's Roll Call are encouraged to contribute to the website their stories, thoughts, documents, and memories & tributes of those who have passed on by emailing them to webmaster@crmvet.org.


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