Civil Rights Movement Archive

What's New & Announcements
February 1st, 2020

According to Google, 29,258 people visited the website during January for an average of 944 per day. On school days, the number of visitors ranged from 800 to 1800 per day. Roughly 12% of our visitors came from outside the U.S.

 — Bruce Hartford, Webspinner.

Please Donate.
With a Little Help From Our Friends,
We'll keep on keeping on.

Ever since Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement established this CRMVet website in late 1999, it has been funded by personal donations from Freedom Movement activists and individual supporters. We carry on this work without any foundation grants or high-donor contributions. The only institutional support we receive is from Tougaloo College in Jackson MS who provide the web server on which the site runs. They will assume responsibility for the site when we can no longer continue. So if you find our CRMVet site useful and worthy, we ask for your donation to keep it growing. Thank you for anything you are able to contribute.

Please consider converting your PayPal donation to an automatic monthly contribution by checking the "Make this a monthly donation" box on the amount screen when it pops up.

Sister Sites

SNCC Digital Gateway. SNCC Legacy Project & Duke University. tells the story of how young activists in SNCC united with local people in the Deep South to build a grassroots movement for change that empowered the Black community and transformed the nation.

Teaching for Change and Zinn Education Project. Provides teachers and parents with the tools to create schools where students learn to read, write and change the world by promoting and supporting the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country.

The SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). SLP was begun to preserve and extend SNCC's legacy. Although SNCC the organization no longer exists, we believe that its legacy continues and needs to be brought forward in ways that continue the struggle for freedom, justice and liberty.

Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement. Empowering the next generation, passing it on to carry it on by preserving the history of the Mississippi Movement.

Chicago SNCC History Project. Tells the Stories of Chicago Area Friends of SNCC (CAFSNCC), its relationship to SNCC, it's pivotal role in shaping the fight for freedom in Chicago between 1960-1965, and preserves that history as a legacy for the young people who are continuing the fight for freedom, justice and peace.

SCOPE 50. Preserving Civil Rights and The Story of Voting. Website of SCLC/SCOPE project activists.


Organizing Our Strength for Tomorrow: A Call to Gather on SNCC's 60th Anniversary. Washington, DC. April 16-19, 2020. For details and registration information: SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference.

Photo Exhibit: I'm Walkin' For My Freedom: The Selma March and Voting Rights
Photographs by Matt Herron
San Francisco Main Library, Koret Auditorium
February 15 — May 10, 2020 Reception February 16, 1pm

Photo Exhibit: This Light of Ours, Activist Photographers of the Civil Rights Movement
150 images from 8 photographers including SNCC Staff photogs, Tamiyo Wakayama, Bob Fletcher, Herb Randall and Maria Varela.
Bullock Museum, Austin Texas.
February 15 — May 31, 2020

Movement art: If you are aware of any works of art related to the Freedom Movement such as paintings, drawings, murals, statues, and so on, please take a look at our Civil Rights Movement Art page to see if we already have an image of it in our collection. If it isn't included in our collection please email us an image we can post, or a weblink, or some other information that we can use. Thanks.

Movement Materials: Please continue to send us documents, letters, reports, stories, and other Southern Freedom Movement materials from the period 1951-1968.

New Movement Documents

1963SNCC fund appeal for COFO, R. Hunter Morey. December 23, 1963
1964Freedom Summer song lyrics, Compiled by unknown. 1964
1964Possible Role Playing Situations, nonviolent training. Unsigned. June 1964
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. June 17-30
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. June 23-25
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. June 25
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. July 8
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. July 9-12
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. July 15-21
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. July 17-20
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. July 21
1964Report from Moss Point MS, Unsigned, COFO. July 26
1964McComb MS and The Freedom Vote, Betty Garman, SNCC. October 27, 1964
1964Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party protests, Laurence Guyot, MFDP. October 30, 1964
1964SNFC November 1964 Newsletter, Unsigned, SNFC. November 1964
1965CORE Louisianna Summer Project, Unsigned, CORE. March 3, 1965
1965?Mississippi's Freedom Schools: The Politics of Education, Florence Howe, Freedom School Director. Undated, possibly 1965
1965The State Conference Report Alabama, Unsigned. SNCC. 1965
1965Memo to Summer Volunteers re fund appeal, Esther Heifets, SNCC. March 25, 1965
1965Political and Governmental Structure of Louisianna, Judith Nusbaum, CORE. May 1965
1965Memo to Summer Volunteers re summer program & etc., Esther Heifets, SNCC. May 03, 1965

WATS Reports (Log of daily phone-in reports)

SNCC February 19, 1965
SNCC March 9, 1965

Mississippi Free Press issues:
May 4, 1963, Chemical workers union, Woman beaten then convicted of "Distrubing the Peace," Work for Cotton Field Hands is Disappearing
May 11, 1963, MS Vote Drive Gathers Speed, Aaron Henry's store bombed, Union leader supports bill against job discrimination
May 18, 1963, Coop stated in Ruleville, Jackson NAACP threatens protests, Lunch Program Lacks Funds
May 25, 1963, Medgar Evers demands bi-racial talks in Jackson, Supreme Court throws out segregation protest convictions, Reprisals against voter applicants in Delta
June 1, 1963, The Goal is Freedom, Greenville City Council Asks Bi-Racial Meeting, Chemical Workers Fight Union-Busters in Delta
June 8, 1963, Police Jail Over 600, Clarksdale demands, Strike at Harts Bread
June 15, 1963, Evers Murdered, Winona Police Jailed and Beat Three Delta Women, Jackson Youths Parade Despite "Illegal to Demonstrate" Injunction
June 22, 1963, Thousands Mourn Evers, Police Power Meets Protesters During Days of Demonstrations
June 29, 1963, Killer Suspect Charged, People Jailed as Campaigns Grow in in Itta Bena, Greenwood, Shotgun Blast Strikes Youth Near Canton Voter Meeting

New Section: Stanford University Mississippi Freedom Project (1964-1965)
1964Report on MFDP Congressional Challenge (DC), Mike Thelwell (MFDP-SNCC), November 10 1964
1964Mississippi Freedom Project – Stanford Newsletter, , November 10, 1964
1964The Influence of Good Grooming on Power Structures, Richard Mullins, MFP-SU. Undated (possibly December 1964)
1964The Politics of Poverty, Charles E. Silberman. Reprinted by MFP-SU. December 1964
64? 65?Development of the Mississippi Project, unsigned SNCC? COFO? Undated (probably later 1964 or early '65)
1965Selma Alabama and the White Northern Liberal, Judy Walborn, 2/65

Los Angeles CA Protests, 1963-1964
1962LAUSDBoard rule requiring Loyalty Oath, J.P. Crowther, L.A. Unified School District. Possibly March 1962
1963CORESupport for CORE Action Projects, Woody Coleman L.A. CORE Action Committee. October 1963
1963COREAction Committee Memo & Agenda, Woody Coleman L.A. CORE. October 14, 1963
1963COREPress release supporting Hopi tribe in obtaining justice from federal government, Unsigned L.A. CORE. November 18, 1964
1964N-VACArrest consent & instructions form, Unsigned, N-VAC. Undated 1964
1964N-VAC Letter to Ad-Hoc Committee to End Discrimination (S.F. Bay Area) regarding police, arrests & trials. Bruce Hartford, undated (probably October 1964)
1964N-VACN-VAC employment demands presented to Van de Kamp's, unsigned. Undated (probably mid-February 1964)
1964N-VACRevised Employment Statistics of Van de Kamp's, Bruce Hartford, N-VAC. Undated (probably early February 1964)
1964N-VACDon't Buy Van De Kamp's, first boycott flyer, unsigned. Undated (probably February 20th or 21st 1964)
1964N-VACBoycott of Van de Kamp's Called for Thursday, unsigned N-VAC press release (probably by Mari Goldman). February 19, 1964
1964COREAnti-Segregation Amendment Action Timetable, Bruin CORE flyer. February 21, 1964
1964N-VACFact Sheet on Van De Kamp's Action, unsigned. Undated (probably March 1964)
1964COREWhy We Are Demonstrating! unsigned L.A. CORE flyer re employment discrimination by radio station KFWB. April 4, 1964
1964 Communists and the U.S. Negro, editorial linking civil rights activities to communism, Los Angeles Times. September 1, 1964
1964 Rumford Act case data for first year, unsigned. As of September 19, 1964
1964?COREFor Whom the (School) Bell Tolls, flyer opposing school segregation, Pasadena CORE. Undated (Possibly 1964)

New Letters & Reports From the Field

12/17/62/Unsigned (Holsaert?)Hi Gang, re Albany and Sumter County
12/27/62Joni Rabinowitz (SNCC)Dear Friends letter re trial, sentences, and report on movement in Southwest Georgia
1963?Unsigned SNCCReport fragment re Sasser, undated possibly 1963
4/20/63Bobby Talbert (SNCC)Negro man threatens to kill canvassers (MS)
4/20/63Charles R. McLaurin (SNCC)Report from Sunflower County (MS)
4/24/63Charles McLaurin (SNCC)Report from McLaurin re Fleming plantation (MS)
1964Unsigned (COFO)Christopher Hexter bogus trial notes for obstructing traffic (MS)
6/28/64Jerry Tecklin (COFO)Sunflower and Bolivar counties update #1 (MS)
7/7/64Jerry Tecklin (COFO)Sunflower and Bolivar counties update #2 (MS)
7/19/64Jerry Tecklin (COFO)Sunflower and Bolivar counties update #3 (MS)
6/11/63Ida Holland (SNCC)Report on jail and beating of inmates (MS)
1964?Jerry Tecklin (COFO?)Report on Sunflower and Bolivar counties (MS)
11/10/64Luke Cabat (MFP-SU).Detailed report from Meridian MS
12/64Luien "Luke" Kabat (MFP-SU)Reflections from jail on the murders of Chaney, Schwerner and Goodman (MS)
12/64Warner Buxton, COREClarke County Project Report (MS)

New Additions to Our Stories

Dorie LadnerI Just Had a Fire! oral-history interview (MS)
C.T. VivianOral-history interview with Taylor Branch, 2011

Affadavits of Repression, Retaliation & Violence
1964Affidavit of James Jones, Jackson MS. July 24

New Articles & Speeches From the Southern Freedom Movement

Freedom Summer sermon, Rev. Bruce Hanson, SNCC. August 2, 1964

New Additions to Our Thoughts

Crises 3     Bruce Hartford
To Our Brother, John LewisSNCC Legacy Project
How We Fought for a MLK Texas HolidayMario Salas

New Names Added to the Activist Roll Call

No new names added to the Roll Call this month

New Tributes & Memories added to In Memory

Woodrow "Woody" Coleman

New Additions to Poetry
The Poetry section is one of the most-visited parts of the site.

No new poems added this month.

New Additions to the Photo Album Pages:

Freedom Movement Art

Resources & Other

Organizations of the U.S. Black Liberation Movement, Abdul Alkalimat. 2020

New Books, Films, & Videos by Freedom Movement Veterans


"Troublemaker" Memories of the Freedom Movement, by Bruce Hartford. Westwind Writers, 2019. Personal boots-on-the-ground memoir of four years service in the American Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1967.

Southern White Girl Seeks Social Change: A Twentieth Century Memoir, by Nancy Stoller. Bright Stuff, 2019. A memoir from the dawn of SNCC, women's liberation, and young people who "de-segregated" the US, each body on the line, every eye on the prize.

Acts of Resistance: A Freedom Rider Looks Back on the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith Frieze Wright. Apple Bay Publishing, 2019. A memoir of one person's experience in Mississippi during the early sixties.

Mississippi Reckoning, (novel) by Mitchell Zimmerman. Amazon/Kindle Direct Publishing 2019. The story of a despairing man's pursuit of justice for the victims of segregationist brutality, set against a sweeping backdrop of white supremacy rampant and the civil rights struggles of the 1940s and 1960s.

Crusader Without Violence: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr, by L.D. Reddick and Derryn Moten. Reissued by New South Books, 2018. First biography of Dr. King originally written in 1959 and now reissued.

Mississippi's Exiled Daughter, by Brenda Travis with John Obee. Story of Brenda Travis, whose 1961 arrest as a teenager helped galvanize opposition to racial discrimination in Mississippi. New South Books, June 2018.

The Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Kennedy Administration, 1960-1964: A History in Documents, by James P. Marshall. Louisiana State University Press, 2018. Freedom Movement veteran traces through government documents the Kennedy Administration's response to the Mississippi Movement.

Hope's Kids: A Voting Rights Summer, by Alan Venable. One Monkey Books, 2017. Describes Brandeis University's 1965 SCLC-SCOPE project in South Carolina.

Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966- 1971, by Martin L. Deppe. University of Georgia Press, 2017. Untold Story, of the unheralded leaders of thel SCLC program based in Chicago that broke a market stranglehold by white businesses in Black communities and empowered Black businesses in their own neighborhoods and beyond.

1967 NBC News Interview with Martin Luther King, that was never broadcast and not made available until 2018. (27 minutes.)

Traveling With Dr. King, by Sunnylands & Gandhi-King Institute for Nonviolence. 2019. Video remembrance by people who knew and worked closely with Dr. King.

Iowans Return to Freedom Summer, by Keeping History Alive foundation. 2018. Firsthand accounts from six Freedom Summer volunteers from Iowa who reflect on their motivations, fears, triumphs and the life altering events that took place 50 years ago.

Heather Booth: Changing the World, a documentary film by Lily Rivlin. 2017. How the Civil Rights Movement inspired SNCC activist and Freedom Summer volunteer Heather Booth to a lifetime of fighting for social justice.

Stand for Freedom: The Life & Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock The story of Willie Peacock, one of the original SNCC field secretaries organzing in the Mississippi Delta. YouTube.

Web Links, Bibliography and Movement Archives updated, revised, & expanded.

As always comments, suggestions, corrections, and submissions from Freedom Movement activists are welcome. Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement who are listed on the website's Roll Call are encouraged to contribute to the website their stories, thoughts, documents, and memories & tributes of those who have passed on by emailing them to

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