CRMA Film, Video & Audio Recordings

This page lists video and audio recordings posted on this Civil Rights Movement Archive website and our Vimeo channel.


CRMA Videos
CRMA Audio Recordings

See also:
SNCC Digital Gateway Video Channel (Vimeo)
CRMA Bibliography of Movement Films, Videos & Audios on other websites & platforms.


CRMA Vimeo Channel on the Vimeo platform provides free live-streaming of films and videos about the Freedom Movement of the 1950s-1960s.

The films and videos in our Vimeo channel are grouped into "showcases" that reflect our "up-from-below" and "inside-out" approach to documenting our history. All of them were either created by Freedom Movement veterans (or their immediate families), or were created by others but are substantially about Movement veterans, or were created with significant input from veterans.

Video Channel Contents:

Documentary Films Collection, professionally created films.
Our Voices Collection, individually created videos.
Freedom Movement Stories We Always Wanted to Tell, short stories by many veterans.
SNCC/SLP Conferences Collection, videos from SNCC conferences and SLP events.
Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Conference Collection, June 2014.
Panels & Presentations about the Freedom Movement
Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Collection, oral-history interviews.
James Farmer Collection, videos from Farmer's Civil Rights Movement course, 1986.
Charles Bonner Collection, videos created by a SNCC veteran.
Julian Bond Video Collection, interviews by Gregg Ivers (American Univ).
Voices Across the Colorline, Atlanta History Center interviews.
St. Augustine Movement Collection, Interviews.
Voices of Freedom ~ Virginia Commonwealth University, videos related to the Movement in Virginia.
Sixth Floor Museum Oral History Collection, interviews by the museum at Dealey Plaza, Dallas TX.
Movement Veterans Interviewed by Students.
Questions From Teachers Collection, 2 discussions by UC Berkeley.

Documentary Films Collection

The Documentary Films Collection contains films about Freedom Movement events or individuals from an "up-from-below" and "inside-out" view of the Civil Rights Movement.

Al, My Brother, By Cash Michaels. The story of 82-year old civil rights attorney/activist Alan McSurely, and his over 50-year battle against racism and white supremacy. 2018. 98min.

Anne Braden: Southern Patriot, by Anne Lewis & Mimi Pickering, Appalshop, Inc. 2012. First person documentary about a long-time, dedicated, rights leader. 58min.

Freedom Ride to Houston, 1961 Los Angeles to Houston Freedom Ride and Progressive Youth Association (Texas Southern Univ) sit-in and arrest. By Comcast Newsmakers. 2022. 16min.

The Intolerable Burden: 50th Anniversary of the Integration of Schools in Drew Mississippi, by COFO and Fannie Lou Hamer Institute at Jackson State Univ. Film and discussion, 108min.

Living the Story: Civil Rights Movement in Kentucky, by Brannon & Rouse, Kentucky Historical Society, 2002. 58min.

E.D. Nixon and The Montgomery Bus Boycott, by Lucy Massier Phenix, You Got to Move Shorts. 1983/2021. 9min.

One More River to Cross, by Glen & Susan Percy. 1969/2012. About the movement in Southwest Georgia. 23min.

Passage at St. Augustine, by Clennon L. King (son of Albany GA Movement leader C.B. King), AugustineMonica Films, 2015. Depiction of the fierce nonviolent anti-segregation movement in the small Florida town of St. Augustine in 1964. 60min.

The Road to Mississippi Reclaiming Our History, by Grito Productions with Through Our Eyes Video and History Project. 1990. Students at Schomburg Satellite Academy (NYC) analyze the Hollywood film Mississippi Burning, that misrepresents the lynching of Chaney, Schwerner, and Goodman. 29min. (See also Commentaries on Mississippi Burning.)

They Say I'm Your Teacher: the Story of the Citizenship Schools, by Lucy Massier Phenix and Veronica Selver, You Got to Move Shorts. 1985/2019. Story of Bernice Robinson, the Citizenship Schools and the clandestine struggle for voting rights in the 1950s. 9min.

The Way to Freedom Selma and the Making of a Movement, by Northern Light Productions for National Park Service. 2020. Story of courageous ordinary citizens, many of them teenagers, who successfully challenged racism, bigotry, and entrenched power in the 1960s to gain the right to vote. 23min.

We Have the Power, We Can Do It, the Story of Bill Saunders and the Charleston SC Hospital Workers' Strike, by Lucy Massier Phenix, You Got to Move Shorts. 2020, 13min.

Our Voices Collection

The Our Voices Collection contains individual videos created by, or substantially featuring, Freedom Movement veterans who present an "up-from-below" and "inside-out" view of the Civil Rights Movement.

Ron (Cole) Bridgeforth Oral-History Interview, by Brotherhood of Elders Network, discusses Freedom Summer, SNCC, Mississippi. 63min. Transcript.

Doris Derby: Memorial Service Video Remembrance, by Joyce Ladner, on Behalf of the SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). 2min

From Georgia and Virginia to Harlem and Beyond, by Peggy Trotter Dammond Preacely. A video poem for Black History month, 2022. 4min. Transcription.

Ernest McMillan: Sidley Celebrates Black History Month, by Sidley Austin LLP, 2023. Dallas, TX, racial justice, social justice, Dallas Environmental Justice Network. 67min.

Claire Milligan Oral History Session #1, 164min ~ Transcript.
Claire Milligan Oral History Session #2, 137min ~ Transcript.
Southern Freedom Movement, Montgomery, AL, Black Workers Congress (BWC), lifetime of activism. Interviewed by Bruce Hartford.

Nannie Louise Pinchback's Letter from Jail, Danville, VA, 1963, read by herself. By S. Wolen and IMLS Institute for Museum and Library Services. 2010. 4min

Past & Present: A Gathering With Freedom Movement Veterans, Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement gathering at Stanford University, 2015. By students from Wilson & Harbor high schools Santa Cruz Co. CA. 12min.

Remembering Dr. King — A Winter Soldier, by Bruce Hartford. MLK Day remembrance at The Women's Building, San Francisco, for Indivisible SF. 2018. Transcript of similar address.

Jimmy Rogers Interview, by students from The Urban School of San Francisco, 2010. SNCC veteran Jimmy Rogers discusses the movement in Alabama, Tuskegee University, Lowndes County, and the assassination of Jonathan Daniels. 120min.

Selma and Its Aftermath: A Photographic Journey, by New Hampshire Institute of Politics. Civil rights veteran Bill Monnie discusses his book: Selma and It's Aftermath. 2022. 85min.

Selma and the Long Struggle for Voting Rights, by Bruce Hartford, John Lewis memorial "Good Trouble Vigil for Democracy" vigil, July 20, 2021, Oakland CA., 9min.

Stand For Freedom: the Life and Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock, by Lis Cox, 2014. 124min.
  Excerpt discussing organizing, 6min.
  Excerpt a shooting in Greenwood MS, 5min.
  Excerpt about courage, 7min.

Charles Sherrod: Keynote Address at Race and Law Conference, to "50 Years After the Sit-Ins" conference at University of Virginia School of Law. 2010. 26min.

The Freedom Movement Stories We Always Wanted to Tell Collection

This collection contains short videos from a 2010 Movement veterans story- telling session at the San Francisco Main Library to an audience of other movement veterans and family members.

Chude Allen ~ My Mother and Father Believe Ours Is a Good Country, 7min. Transcript

Miriam Cohen Glickman ~ Our Mississippi Dilemma, 3min. Transcript

Hardy Frye ~ Everyone Was a Leader, 6min. Transcript.

Bruce Hartford ~ Albert Turner & the Rocking Chair, 7min. Transcript

Stu House ~ 'Inciting to Riot' in Selma Alabama, 7min. Transcript

Adam Kine ~ Greenwood, 10min. Transcript

Sherie Labedis ~ Fireball in the Night, 7min. Transcript

Mike Miller ~ The Agitator, 10min. Transcript

Willie B. Wazir Peacock ~ "Oh Freedom", 5min.

Willie B. Wazir Peacock ~ Fighting for Freedom in the Mississippi Delta, 9min. Transcript.

Jimmy Rogers ~ Experience with Violence in Lowndes County, 8min. Transcript

Scott B. Smith Jr ~ My Name is Scott B. Smith, Jr., 6min. Transcript

Nancy Elaine Stoller ~ Bowling in Prince Georges County, 9min. Transcript

Rick Tuttle ~ The Brutal Winona Mississippi Jail Beatings of June 1963, 10min. Transcript

Bright Winn ~ Mrs. Magruder, 15min. Transcript

SNCC Anniversary Conferences and SLP Events

Videos from Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committe (SNCC) anniversary conferences and SNCC Legacy Project (SLP) events.

SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference, online, 2021
SNCC 50th Anniversary Conference, Raleigh NC, 2010
SNCC 40th Anniversary Conference, Raleigh NC, 2000

SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference, Online.

The SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference was held online in October of 2021 to commemorate the founding of SNCC in 1960 and to uplift the current anti-racist, pro-people struggles of young activists today.

Videos produced by the SNCC Legacy Project (SLP), 2021.

Plenary Sessions

SNCC: 60 Years Strong , Retrospective video about the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968). 21min.

In Memoriam, SNCC members memorial video. 8min.

Stand Up and Shout: the SNCC Freedom and Justice Concert, Virtual concert celebrating SNCC and the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968). 74min.

Panels & Workshops

60th-1: The Power Of The Past, We who believe in freedom cannot rest. By SNCC Legacy Project (SLP), 82min.

60th-2: The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, 70min. Transcript.

60th-3: Lowndes County Freedom Party (LCFP), Black Power, political educational, organizing strategies, voting rights, political power. 70min. Transcript.

60th-4: Making Our Way Into Political Office To Make Change, Power of office, policy, legislative and financial needs of the Black community. 59min. Transcript.

60th-5: Organizing The Black Community To Vote, Electoral organizing strategies: presidential, state and local. 2020, 2022, 2024. 71min. Transcript.

60th-6: The Fight For The MS Educational Ballot Initiative, Mississippi "education is essential" ballot initiative. 67min.

60th-7: Attorneys General and District Attorneys, Justice, district attorneys, attorneys general, legal systems, and voters. 72min. Transcript.

60th-8: SNCC: 60 Years Strong, Retrospective video about the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968). 21min.

60th-9: Criminal Justice: Effecting Change, Addressing police violence and criminal justice disparities. 78min. Transcript.

60th-10 Changing The Mission Of The Criminal Justice System, Addressing police violence and criminal justice disparities., 78min. Transcript.

60th-11 Economic Power And Economic Security, Politics, economics, and the wellbeing of the Black community. 72min. Transcript.

60th-12 Education for Self Determination, 77min. Transcript.

60th-13 The Artist as Activist, 68min. Transcript.

60th-14 Affordable Housing, Safe Neighborhoods. 79min. Transcript.

60th-15 The Importance of Land; Food Insecurity. 62min. Transcript.

60th-16 Stand Up And Shout: SNCC Freedom & Justice Concert. Featuring 60 Years Of Voices Of Artists/Activists. 74min.

60th-17 The Path Forward, Racial divisions, securing rights, create the benefits a democratic and equitable society, vision61min. Transcript.

60th-18 HBCUs and Africana Studies Programs, Cultural preservation, passing down generational knowledge, the role of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Black Studies, and Africana programs71min. Transcript.

60th-19 Black-Brown Movement Building, Rachel Gilmer, Paul Ortiz, Zoharah Simmons, Maria Varela. 71min. Transcript.

60th-20 Where Do We Go From Here?, What must we do to strengthen and protect the Black community? How will technological and demographic change affect Black struggle? 67min. Transcript.

60th-21 Telling And Teaching The SNCC Story, SNCC Digital Gateway (SDG), Civil Rights Movement Archive (CRMA), Zinn Education Project. 65min. Transcript.

60th-22 Building Political Alliances and Coalitions, Heather Booth, Denise Diaz, Adam Kruggel, Larry Rubin. 60min. Transcript.

Conference Small Group Discussions

As part of the SNCC 60th Conference in October of 2021, eight small-groups of Freedom Movement veterans discussed the Freedom Movement and how it affected their lives. The sessions were video-recorded and transcribed. The videos have not been edited. The transcripts contain clarifications, corrections, and annotations in [brackets]. Please check a transcript before quoting from a discussion

Group A:  VideoTranscription
Bruce Hartford, Jennifer Lawson, Peter de Lissovoy, Claire O'Connor Rick Tuttle

Group B:  VideoTranscription
Chude Pam Parker Allen, Heather Tobis Booth, Daphne Muse, Gwendolyn Zoharah Simmons, Larry Spears, Pat Vail

Group C:  VideoTranscription [TBD]
Ron Cole Bridgeforth, Theresa El-Amin, Martha Livingston, Penny Patch, Dorothy Zellner

Group D:  VideoTranscription
Phyllis Cunningham, Fatima Cortez, Laura Foner, Karen Haberman (Trusty), Peter Orris, John McAuliff

Group E:  VideoTranscription
Arlene Dunn, Ira Grupper, Constancia Dinky Romilly, Karen Spellman, Nancy Stearns, Eugene Turitz

Group F:  VideoTranscription
Josh Gould, Janet Heinritz-Canterbury, Ed Nakawatase, Frances O'Brien, Muriel Tillinghast

Group G:  VideoTranscription
Angeline Butler, Marion Kwan, Linda Wetmore Halpern, Johnny E. Parham, Jr., Bill Perlman, Jane Silver

Group H:  VideoTranscription
Miriam Cohen Glickman, Carol Rogoff Hallstrom, Faith Holsaert, Timothy Jenkins

SNCC 50th Anniversary Conference, Shaw University, Raleigh NC, April 2010.

Videos produced by California Newsreel.

SNCC 50th #1 ~ Opening Plenary by California Newsreel, 100min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #2 ~ Early Student Movement Philosophy and Activism, 53min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #3 ~ From Student Activist to Field Organizers 96min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #4 ~ SNCC Builds an Organization, 77min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #5 ~ The Raleigh Civil Rights Movement, 79min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #6 ~ Luncheon Keynote: Rev James Lawson, 41min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #7 ~ The Societal Response to SNCC, 80min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #8 ~ Up South: We Raised Money, We Raised Hell, 82min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #9 ~ More than a Hamburger, 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #10 ~ Moving On Mississippi—We Had to Be Strong, Hollis Watkins (SNCC Field Secretary), Brenda Travis (Pike County Nonviolent Movement), Rev. Willie Blue (SNCC Field Secretary), 80min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #11 Alabama ~ Turning To Ourselves, Black power as articulated by SNCC, Lowndes County, Alabama, 86min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #12 Southwest Georgia—Do You Want To Be Free, SNCC Project Director Charles Sherrod, Rutha Harris SNCC Field Secretary, Shirley Sherrod. 76min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #13 Arkansas, Cambridge MD, Danville VA, Everybody Say Freedom, 83min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #14 ~ The Impact and Influence of SNCC on American Society 1960-1968, Vincent Harding (SNCC & SCLC Advisor), Charles Payne (Univ. of Chicago) Taylor Branch (Author), Clayborne Carson (Stanford Univ.), Tom Hayden (SDS)117min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #15 ~ What was SNCC and how did it evolve?, Joyce Ladner, Timothy Jenkins, Cleveland Sellers, Zohorah Simmons. 103min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #16 ~ Political Impact of SNCC 1964-1984, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Courtland Cox, Julian Bond. 95min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #17 Luncheon Keynote - Harry Belafonte, Rev. David Forbes, Dr. Dorothy Yancy. 65min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #18 ~ Ella Baker's Roots: Give People Light..., Rev. William Barber, Tim Tyson, Carolyn Brockington, Bernice Johnson Reagon.81min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #19 ~ Depictions of the Movement in Popular Culture, many participants. 95min.

SNCC 50th #20 ~ Black Power Black Education and Pan Africanism, Courtland Cox, Geri Augusto, Gregory Carr, Sylvia Hill, Howard Moore. 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #21 ~ The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Lawrence Guyot, Michael Thelwell, Armand Derfner, MacArthur Cotton. 96min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #22 ~ Women Leaders and Organizers–You Can Do This, Frances Beal, Mary King, Cynthia Fleming, Doris Derby, Maria Varela, Martha Prescod Norman Noonan. 97min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #23 ~ The Black Church and Black Struggle, Rev. Bernard Lafayette, Rev. Nelson Johnson, Rev. David Forbes. 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #24 ~ Highlander, SSOC and Organizing in the White Community We Knew That We Were Not Free, Bob Zellner, Sue Thrasher, Sharlene Kranz, Margaret Lauren Herring, Candie Carawan, Ed Hamlett. 95min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #25 ~ SNCC and the Black Arts Movement: We Had to Change the Conversation, A.B. Spellman, Amiri Baraka, Haki Madhubuti, Jamila Jones, John O'Neal. 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #26 ~ Plenary, Joyce Ladner traces her roots in the tiny Black community of Palmers Crossing to civil rights activism. 62min.

SNCC 50th #27 ~ SNCC Children Speak, Maisha Moses, James Forman, Jr, Tarik Smith, Sabina Zuqiga Varela, Zora Cobb, Hollis Watkins, Jr. 72min.

SNCC 50th #28 ~ Luncheon Keynote: Congressman John Lewis, history in action (plus the chickens story). 54min.

SNCC 50th #29 ~ Luncheon Keynote - US Attorney General Eric Holder, from the sit-ins to Obama, racial inequality in everything from unemployment rates to the length of prison terms. 29min.

SNCC 40th Anniversary Conference Collection, Shaw University, Raleigh NC, April 2000.

SNCC 40th #1 ~ Conference welcome and remembrance of Ms. Ella Baker, by SNCC veterans, 62min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #2 ~ Remembrance of Ms. Ella Baker, continued by SNCC veterans, 63min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #3 ~ Ella Baker discussion continued and general discussion, by SNCC veterans. 61min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #4 ~ Workshop discussing strategies and tactics of organizing, by SNCC veterans. 61min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #5 ~ The role of struggle in the development of a democratic society, by SNCC veterans. 39min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #6 ~ Remembrances of the first meeting organizing SNCC, by SNCC veterans. 60min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #7 ~ Remembrance of Ms. Ella Baker by Ann Braden, by SNCC veterans. 41min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #8 ~ Ms. Ella Baker's role in the founding of SNCC, 54min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #9 ~ Chuck McDew's remembrances; Ella Baker as mentor (Ladner), 63min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #10 and #11 ~ Installation of a historic marker for SNCC in Raleigh, NC, 60min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #12 ~ ~ The legacy of Ms. Ella Baker, 48min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #13 ~ Welcoming remarks; history of SNCC, 55min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #14 Baker award: The Algebra Project; Jamil Al-Amin, 35min. Transcript

SNCC 40th #15 Workshop on strategies and tactics for organizing. Muriel Tillinghast, Victoria Gray and Lawrence Guyot. 41min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #16 The Importance of Building Alliances . 60min. Transcript.

Mississippi Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Reunion & Conference Collection, June 2014

The Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Reunion & Conference was held 2014 at Tougaloo College in Jackson Mississippi to celebrate, commemorate, and assess the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Summer that brought in more than 1000 out-of-state volunteers to support the long struggle for voting rights in that state.

Videos by Natalie Bullock Brown/Ascension Productions.

The Freedom Struggle in Mississippi 1946-1964, Beverly Hogan (Tougaloo), Hollis Watkins (SNCC), Joyce Ladner (SNCC) and Derrick Johnson (NAACP). 68min.

The Historic Importance of Mississippi Freedom Summer 1964, Charlie Cobb, David Dennis, Marian Wright Edelman, and Robert "Bob" Moses. 80min

In the Mississippi River, Martyrs of the Mississippi Movement, Judy Richardson, C. Leigh McInnis, Rita Schwerner Bender, Timothy Jenkins, Hollis Watkins, Freedom Singers. 84min.

Heroes and Sheroes of Freedom Summer, Danny Glover, Judy Richardson, Timothy Jenkins, 58min.

Roll Call of Freedom Summer Activists and Volunteers, 119min.

We are the children of the movement, Ayanna Gregory, 3min

This movement changed the world, Ayanna Gregory, 4min

Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Banquet

Welcome by Derrick Johnson, 4min

Statement of the Occasion, Julian Bond, 14min

The People of the Movement, Dave Dennis, 11min.

How Do We Thank Tougaloo? Hank Thomas, 8min

Keynote Address, Dick Gregory, introduction by Ayanna Gregory and Hollis Watkins. 80min

Panels & Presentations about the Freedom Movement

Call To Action: The SNCC Experience in Dallas, with Bishop Mark Herbener, Ernest McMillan, and Edward Harris 2006. 78min.

Civil Rights and Black Power in Global Context, Dr. Joshua Davis, Courtland Cox, Jennifer Lawson, & Daphne Muse. International work of the Freedom Movement, Black Power, Vietnam War, independence of African nations, apartheid in South Africa. 2023. 91min.

Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Oral History Project Collection

Oral history interviews of local and national activists, political and community leaders, and grassroots people who actively worked in Mississippi communities during the 1950s-60s. Produced by Owen Brooks, VMCRM Oral History Project. Tougaloo College. See also Oral Histories Library.

Judge Rueben Anderson Interview, 'Ole Miss Law School, NAACP Legal Defense Fund, Mississippi Supreme Court. 2006. 58min

Judge Fred Banks Interview, 1961. Baltimore sit-ins. Lawyer with the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. President of the Jackson Branch NAACP, circuit judge, member of the Mississippi Supreme Court. 2006. 43min.

Rev. Rims Barber Interview, Presbyterian minister from Iowa, Freedom Summer volunteer, Delta Ministry organizer in Canton MS from 1965 to 1966. 2006. 95min.

Mayor Marion Barry Interview, 1st Chairman of SNCC, Mayor of Washington DC. 43min.

Rev. Willie Blue Interview, SNCC, MFDP, Democratic convention 1964. 2006. 60min Audio only.

Judge Margaret Burnham Interview, SNCC & COFO 1963-65 Mississippi. 2007. 79min.

Courtland Cox Interview, 2006. Nonviolent Action Group, Howard University, SNCC Coordinating Council & Executive Committee, March on Washington, Freedom Summer, Lowndes County AL, War Crimes Tribunal, SNCC Legacy Project. 119min. Transcript.

Frank Figgers Interview, 2005. Tougaloo College, Jackson Human Rights Project, Georgetown & Black and Proud Liberation School. Black and Proud Elementary School. 93min. Transcript.

Lawrence Guyot Interview, 2004. SNCC field secretary, Parchman Penitentiary, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Chairman. 114min.

Jessie Harris Interview, 2006. SNCC, voting rights, Parchman Prison, MFDP, MS Delta, Greenwood, Laurel. 43min.

Jan Hillegas Interview, 2002. CORE Syracuse NY, COFO West Point, Columbus, Jackson, MS, Freedom Information Service Mississippi. 10min.

Henry Jay Kirksey Interview, Mississippi state senator, economic, job and political opportunities for Blacks. 2004. 58min.

James Farmer Collection

Video lecture & reflection recordings from James Farmer's Civil Rights Movement in the 20th Century course taught by him at the University of Mary Washington 1986-1987. Original source metadata.

Lecture Transcripts:

Civil Rights Movement Overview, 27min. Transcript.

Militant Resistance and the Harlem Riots, 32min. Transcript.

Course Exam Review and Q&A, 34min. Transcript.

Reflection Segment Transcripts

Reflections compiled and produced by WNVT-TV, University of Mary Washington.
  1. Freedom Movement of the 1940s-1960s, 27min. Transcript.

  2. Beginning of the Nonviolence Movement of the 1940s-1960s, 26min. Transcript.

  3. The Creation of the Freedom Rides, 30min. Transcript.

  4. The Beginning of the Freedom Rides, 29min. Transcript.

  5. Malcolm X, Nation of Islam, Debate at Cornell, 29min. Transcript.

  6. Malcolm X, Changing Perspectives, Untimely Death, 27min. Transcript.

  7. March on Washington, Plaquemine, LA, 27min. Transcript.

  8. Plaquemine, LA, Escape from Mob, 27min. Transcript.

  9. Freedom Summer, Missing CORE Volunteers, 26min. Transcript.

  10. Freedom Summer, Death of CORE Volunteers, 29min. Transcript.

  11. Bogalusa, Louisiana, Movement, Deacons of Defense and Justice, 29min. Transcript.

  12. The Struggle for Identity Among Black Activists , 27min. Transcript.

  13. Illiteracy and the Center for Community Action Education, 29min. Transcript.

© Copyrights to these videos and transcripts are retained by Special Collections and University Archives, Simpson Library, University of Mary Washington. These items are available for use in research, teaching, and private study. Items may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes without prior written consent from the University of Mary Washington.

Charles Bonner Collection

While still in his teens, Charles Bonner was a leader of the high school and college students in Selma Alabama who were the backbone and nonviolent warriors of the Voting Rights Campaign.

An Interview With Worth Westinghouse Long. Civil rights attorney and SNCC veteran Charles Bonner interviews fellow SNCC leader Worth Long, the SNCC Selma project director, and "The person who taught us the power of nonviolence in the movement." 2005. 31min.

Charles Bonner: Tip of the Arrow interview by Wesley Hogan. Discussion recorded for the SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference in October 2021 about his book about the young students who led the Selma Movement from 1963-1965. 10min.

The Fierce Urgency Of Now, by Charles Bonner. Discussion with John Broussard, Howard Moore, Charlie Love, and Stu House, for the 56th Anniversary of the 1965 Voters Rights Act. About One Person-One Vote, reparations, true democracy, and reestablishing the core of the Voters Rights Act — now. 68min.

Charles Bonner Speaks at The Skanner Foundation MLK Breakfast. 30min.

Conversation between Charles Bonner and Motivation.In.Action founder Geneviive Jones-Wright for Black History Month 2022. 20min

Charles Bonner Interview with Selma Sheriff Jim Clark, Selma student protest leader talks with the notorious sheriff to tried to suppress the Freedom Movement. 77min.

Julian Bond Video Collection

The videos in this collection were created by the Julian Bond Oral History Project which is dedicated to the memory, work, and career of Julian Bond from 1960-1968 and to the broader Southern civil rights movement. These interviews were conducted primarily by Gregg Ivers, Project Director and professor of government at American University in Washington DC.

Charles Black, interviewed by Greg Ivers, Atlanta Student Movement and Atlanta Inquirer. 2019. 54min. Transcript.

Heather Tobis Booth, Freedom Summer volunteer. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 64min. Transcript.

Charlie Cobb, SNCC. 2019. 94min. Transcription

Courtland Cox, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 55min. Transcription

David Dennis, CORE, COFO. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 71min. Transcription

Dion Diamond, NAG, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 47min. Transcription

Lonnie King, Atlanta Student Movement. By Gregg Ivers, 2018. 61min. Transcript.

Joyce Ladner, NAACP & SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 100min. Transcription

Jennifer Lawson, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 92min. Transcription

Bob Moses interview, SNCC, COFO, MFDP. By Gregg Ivers, 2018. 132min. Transcript.

Joan Trumpauer Mulholland, Freedom Rides, SNCC. by Gregg Ivers, 2019. SNCC. 86min. Transcription

Ed Nakawatse Interview, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 87min.

Betty Garman Robinson, SNCC. by Gregg Ivers, 2019. 66min. Transcription

Larry Rubin, interviewed by Gregg Ivers, Freedom Summer, SNCC, etc. 2019. 100min. Transcript.

Dorothy Zellner, interviewed by Gregg Ivers, SNCC, Freedom Summer, etc. 2019. 78min. Transcript.

Voices Across the Color Line Collection

Interviews of Freedom Movement veterans by the Atlanta History Center - Kenan Research Center, 2005-2006.

Charles Black, Atlanta Student Movement (ASM). By Carole Merritt . Re Atlanta Student Movement, prison farm, women in the movement, Atlanta mayoral election, desegregation voter registration. 75min.

Willie Bolden, SCLC. By Carole Merritt. Re Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Dr. King, Saint Augustine FL, Selma AL, and Poor Peoples Campaign, Marks MS. 122min.

Rev. Joseph and Aletha Boone. By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement, Rush Memorial Congregational Church, Atlanta school desegregation. 58min.

Xernona Clayton, By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta civil rights movement, Ku Klux Klan, Dr. King. 58min.

Connie Curry, by Carole Merritt. Along with Ella Baker was a SNCC "adult advisor", active in Greensboro sit-ins and Mississippi school desegregation. 2005. 62min.

Morris Dillard, By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement (ASM) and Freedom Rides, 60min.

Lydia Douglas, By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement (ASM), Committee on the Appeal for Human Rights, sit-ins and arrest. 60min.

Pearlie Dove, by Carole Merritt. Re Equal pay for Black teachers, segregated education in Atlanta. 56min.

Jesse Hill, by Carole Merritt. NAACP 1950s voter registration activist, desegregation in Atlanta, founder Black newspaper Atlanta Inquirer, mobilized business support of the movement. 2005. 59min.

Dr. Alton Hornsby, Jr, Atlanta Student Movement (ASM). By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement, march on the Georgia State Capitol 1960, segregated busses. 2006. 59min.

Lonnie King, by Carole Merritt. Atlanta Student Movement, U.S. Navy, racial discrimination, Appeal for Humans Rights statement. 2005. 102min.

Muriel Lokey. By Carole Merritt. Re support for Atlanta school desegregation. 42min.

Ralph Luker, NAACP. By Carole Merritt. Re Raleigh, North Carolina; Duke University; Georgia movement; youth branches of the NAACP. 2005 61min.

Portia Harden Potts, by Carole Merritt. One of the first African American students to desegregate schools in Atlanta, GA. 2006. 48min.

Fay Bellamy Powell, by Carole Merritt. SNCC staff member, Selma & Greene County, AL, Atlanta GA. Helped organize the 1965 Selma to Montgomery march., 2006. 150min.

Willie Ricks (Mukasa) by Carole Merritt. SNCC field secretary many locations. Part 1 121min, Part 2 121min.

Ernest Swann, student integrator. By Carole Merritt. Re desegregation of Atlanta public schools, white resistance. 2006. 57min.

C.T. Vivian, by Carole Merritt. SCLC leader, Nashville student movement, Birmingham, St. Augustine, Selma. 2006. Part 1 134min, Part 2 361min.

Dr. Clinton Warner by Carole Merritt re equal pay for teachers and treatment of Black patients by medical profession in Atlanta GA. 2006. Part 1 63min, Part 2 53min.

St. Augustine Movement Video Collection

Interviews from the Civil Rights Library of St. Augustine, presented in the Civil Rights Digital Library, from Flagler College and other archives.

Barbara Allen. 1964 sit-in arrest, Easter invasion, Florida Spring Project, police violence. 29min.

Willie Bolden, SCLC. Describes rallies, marches, KKK confrontations and assault on Andrew Young. 27min.

Shed Dawson. Wade-ins, police brutality and Civil Rights Act of 1964. 23min.

Audrey Nell Edwards. St. Augustine Four, Woolworth's sit-in, reform school, night marches, and Martin Luther King. 2009. 29min.

Robert Hayling, by Andrew Young. Movement leader, the arrest of Dr. King, arrest of Mary Peabody, marches, rallies, shootings, Klan assault, and Jackie Robinson's visit. 34min.

Maude Jackson. Marches, clashes with the KKK, mass arrests, police brutality, arrest of Mary Peabody, and Civil Rights Act of 1964. 9min.

Malcolm Peabody. Arrest of his mother Mary Peabody, marches, clashes with the KKK, mass arrests, police brutality. 2013. 40min.

Audrey Willis. Attempted Integration of Church, sit-in, night March, police dogs. 2022. 12min.

JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer. St. Augustine Four, picketing, sit-ins, visits of Jackie Robinson and Dr. King. 18min.

Janie Price, Bombing, Civil Rights Act, night march, shooting William Kinard. 2022. 15min.

Voices of Freedom ~ Virginia Commonwealth University

Elizabeth & Jane Cooper, re Richmond VA school desegregation, 2003. 16min. Transcript.

Interview with Dottie Edwards, by Daugherty & Smith re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2016. 68min. Transcript.

Tom Gardner, interview re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 87min. Transcript.

Interview with Thomas Hardy. Surry County Improvement Association; the Surry Assembly. 2003. 26min. Transcript.

Rev. Curtis Harris, interview re Virginia SCLC, civil disobedience. 39min. Transcript.

Roger Hickey, interview by re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 52min. Transcript.

Interview With Bill Monnie, by Daugherty & Smith, re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2015. 54min. Transcript.

Interview with David Nolan, by Daugherty & re Smith re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC) and St. Augustine movement, 2015. 61min. Transcript.

Nan Grogan Orrock, interview by Daugherty & Smith re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 76min. Transcript.

Dr. Milton A. Reid, SCLC, school desegregation, Danville, etc. 2003 17min. Transcript.

Interview with Dr. William Ferguson Reid. Richmond Crusade for Voters; Massive Resistance to school integration. 2003. 22min. Transcript.

Interview with Bruce Smith, by Daugherty & re Smith, re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2016. 106min. Transcript.

John A. Stokes Interview by Ronald Carrington re 1951 student strike against segregation at Moton High School in Prince Edward County VA. 2003. 28min. Transcript.

Steven Wise, interview by re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 50min. Transcript.

Sixth Floor Museum Oral History Collection

This special oral history showcase, Voices from the Civil Rights Movement, includes a selection of interviews conducted with civil rights and social justice activists by the Sixth Floor Museum, Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas.

Thomas M. Armstrong, Freedom Ridger & Mississippi NAACP activist. 69min. 2021.

Call To Action: The SNCC Experience in Dallas, 2006. Panel discussion featuring SNCC members Bishop Mark Herbener, Ernest McMillan, and Edward Harris. 78min.

David Fankhauser, Freedom Rider. 67min. 2021.

Maria Gitin, SCLC/SCOPE Wilcox Co. Alabama. 84min. 2021.

Bruce Hartford, CORE, SCLC, California, Alabama, Selma, Grenada MS. 93min. 2022.

Jennifer Lawson, Birmingham student and SNCC organizer. 92min. 2021.

Lynda Blackmon Lowery, Selma student activist. 79min. 2021.

Ernest McMillan: Living History, by 2019. SNCC, Dallas, Morehouse, 1963, brief personal encounter with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 49min.

Dr. Wornie Reed, Montgomery bus boycott, March on Washington, People's Campaign. 95min. 2021.

Ron Ridenour, SNCC, Mississippi. 2023. 86min.

Betty Daniels Rosemond, CORE, Freedom Rider. 69min. 2021.

Movement Veterans Interviewed by Students Collection

Interviews of Civil Rights Movement veterans conducted by students.

Chude Allen, Freedom Summer volunteer in Holly Springs Mississippi. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 121min. PDF transcript. Chude Allen background.

Dr. James ("Jimmy") Garrett, SNCC California & Mississippi, interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 129min. PDF transcript. Jimmy Garrett background.

Linda Wetmore Halpern, Freedom Summer volunteer in Greenwood Mississippi. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 106min. PDF transcript. Linda Wetmore Halpern background.

Bruce Hartford, CORE in California & SCLC in Selma, Alabama, and Mississippi. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 223min. PDF transcript. Bruce Hartford background.

Dr. Jeannine Herron, by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. Jeannine Herron and her husband Matt worked with SNCC in Mississippi and she was one of the founder of Child Development Group of Mississippi. 2020. 120min. PDF transcript.

Jacqueline Byrd Martin, McComb MS student protester. By Gregg Ivers, 2020. 85min. PDF Transcript.

Mike Miller, SNCC. Interviewed by high school students, 2020. 86min. PDF Transcript. Mike Miller background.

Dr. Mimi Real, Freedom Rider and CORE in Louisiana. Interviewed by high school students. 2020. 118min. PDF transcript. Mimi Real background.

Rick Sheviakov, Freedom Rides, Parchman Prison, Jackson, MS. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 104min.

Questions From Teachers Collection

Two 2020 webinars hosted by U.C. Berkeley where Civil Rights Movement veterans discussed questions posed by teachers about the Freedom Movement and how it is taught.

August 4th Webinar. 87min.

August 6th Webinar. 97min.



CRMA Audio Collection

Streaming audio recordings from events, interviews, discussions, oral-histories, & etc.

Audio Contents:

The Stories We Always Wanted to Tell
Documentaries, Pod-Casts, & Presentations
Interviews, Narratives & Oral Histories
SCLC/SCOPE 50th Reunion, Atlanta GA, October 1-4 2015
Mississippi Oral Histories


The Stories We Always Wanted to Tell

Short stories about events we participated in, experiences we had, and the people we knew and loved. As told to a celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the student-led sit-ins of 1960, the rise of youth-led activism, and the founding of SNCC. Main library, San Francisco, March 27, 2010

Don Jelinek & Jean Wiley: Introduction  — Transcript

Chude AllenMy Mother and Father Believe Ours Is a Good Country — Transcript
Ellen BromsHigh Yellow — Transcript
Kathy CadeMy First Demonstration, Atlanta, 1962 — Transcript
Hardy FryeEveryone Was a Leader — Transcript
Maria GitinStory From Wilcox County, Alabama — Transcript
Miriam Glickman    Our Mississippi Dilemma — Transcript
Linda HalpernThe Shooting of Silas McGhee — Transcript
Bruce HartfordAlbert Turner & the Rocking Chair — Transcript
Stu House"Inciting to Riot" in Selma AL — Transcript
Don JelinekThe Two Cows — Transcript
Adam KlineGreenwood, Mississippi — Transcript
Sherie LabedisFireball in the Night — Transcript
Betita Martinez  Liz is Betita: A SNCC Memory — Transcript
Mike MillerThe Agitator — Transcript
Wazir PeacockFighting for Freedom in the Mississippi Delta — Transcript
Jimmy RogersAn Experience with Violence in Lowndes County, Alabama — Transcript
Scott B. SmithMy Name is Scott B. Smith Jr. — Transcript
Nancy StollerBowling in Prince Georges County, Maryland — Transcript
Rick TuttleThe Brutal Winona, Mississippi Jail Beatings of June 1963 — Transcript
Bob WeilA Faulkner Tale — Transcript
Bright WinnMrs. Magruder — Transcript
Michael WrightSNCC and My Movement Life — Transcript


Documentaries, Pod-Casts, & Presentations

Freedom in the Air A Documentary on Albany, Georgia (1961-1962), by Guy Carawan and Alan Lomax for SNCC, 1962. 41min.


Interviews, Narratives & Oral Histories

Ron BridgeforthWe Were Not Alone Narrative. 2022. 9min
Arlene DunnInterview, re Arkansas SNCC and anti-racism work with whites in the North with PAR, by Karlyn Foner, 2010. 49min. Transcript
Bruce HartfordInterview by Will Griffin Southern Oral History Project, 2010. 52min
Robert HicksInterview by Mimi Feingold Real, 1967. Re Bogalusa LA Movement. 10min. Transcript
Hattie Hill (17)Interview by Mimi Feingold Real, 1967. Re Bogalusa LA Movement. 26min. Transcript
Ellis Howard Interview by Mimi Feingold re Jonesboro LA. 53min. Transcript
Elmo Jacobs Interview by Mimi Feingold re Jonesboro LA. 5min. Transcript
Annie Johnson Interview by Mimi Feingold re Jonesboro LA. 11min. Transcript
Alan McSurleyOral-History Interview by Andy Horowitz, Southern Oral History Program, 2002. 47min. Transcript
John C. Morris Interview re the movement in Batesville by Cheryl Johnson. 23min. Transcript
Wallace Roberts Interview re Freedom Summer & SNCC. By Orion Teal (SOHP). 2010. 45min. Transcript
Carol Rogoff Interview re SNCC, Mississippi, E.W. Steptoe. By Orion Teal (SOHP). 2010. 84min. Transcript
Modjeska Simkins  Oral-History by Jacquelyn Hall (SOHP), re NAACP and the Movement in South Carolina, 345min. Transcript
Nancy StollerInterview by David Cline re SNCC, 2010. 102min. Transcript
A.Z. YoungInterview by Mimi Feingold Real re Bogalusa LA Movement. 1967. 20min.



Voices of the 1965 Voting Rights Fight, panel discussion by Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement. 2015. 95min. Transcript.

SCLC/SCOPE 50th Reunion, Atlanta GA, October 1-4 2015

Thursday, October 1 Opening Reception & Welcome — John Reynolds, SCLC. 15min

Friday, October 2

Veterans Roll Call, SCLC & SCOPE members. 42min
Keynote Address, Bernard Lafayette, SCLC. 36min
Remarks, Dr. Charles Steele, SCLC. 7min

Group Discussions, Freedom Movement Veterans ~ Morning
Alabama activists #1. 82min
Alabama activists #2. 83min
Georgia activists. 82min
North Carolina & Virginia activists. 78min
South Carolina activists #1. 73min
South Carolina activists #2. 66min
SCLC Atlanta staff. 82min

Group Discussions, Freedom Movement Veterans ~ Afternoon
Georgia activists continued. 64min
South Carolina activists continued. 101min
SCLC Atlanta staff continued. 107min
Crenshaw County AL activists. 48min
Women in the Freedom Movement. 84min
Evaluating our Work in the Freedom Movement. 70min
Nonviolence: How Can it be Used Today?. 101min

Hosea Williams Tribute Banquet ~ Friday Evening
Welcome & Tribute, John Reynolds, Barbara Williams Emerson, & others. 18min
Tribute continued, Barbara Emerson, John Reynolds, & many others. 90min

Saturday, October 3

Morning Panels
SCLC Leadership Panel, John Reynolds, Richard Smiley, Bruce Hartford. 70min
SCOPE legacy Panel, Maria Gitin, Jo Freeman. 42min

General Group Discussions, Freedom Movement veterans ~ Saturday Afternoon
Affect of the Movement. 76min
Successes & Challenges & Where Do We Go From Here. 61min
Challenges & Successes. 26min
Impact of the Movement on Our Lives. 67min
Impact of the Freedom Movement. 77min
SCLC & SCOPE Challenges & Successes. 68min

Sunday, October 5 Mass Meeting & Non-Denominational Service 78min

Mississippi Oral Histories

Raw, unedited audio recordings conducted by Owen Brooks of Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Inc. from 2004 through 2007.

Doug Anderson 2006.
James Anderson 2004.
Ruben Anderson 2006.
Louis Armstrong 2006.
Nancy Bartow 2005.
Willie Blue 2006.
Harry Bowie 2004.
Clint Collier 2005.
MacArthur Cotton 2006.
L.C. Dorsey 2006.
Frank Figgers 2005.
Marilyn Lowen 2005.
Brenda Travis 2007.
Jimmy Travis 2006.


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