CRMA Film, Video & Audio Recordings

This page lists video and audio recordings posted on this Civil Rights Movement Archive website and our Vimeo channel.


CRMA Videos
CRMA Audio Recordings

See also:
SNCC Digital Gateway Video Channel (Vimeo)
CRMA Bibliography of Movement Films, Videos & Audios on other websites & platforms.

Freedom Movement Related Videos

CRMA Vimeo Channel on the Vimeo platform provides free live-streaming of films and videos about the Freedom Movement of the 1950s-1960s.

The films and videos in our Vimeo channel are grouped into "showcases" that reflect our "up-from-below" and "inside-out" approach to documenting our history. All of them were either created by Freedom Movement veterans (or their immediate families), or were created by others but are substantially about Movement veterans, or were created with significant input from veterans.

Video Channel Contents:

Documentary Films Collection, professionally created films.
Our Voices Collection, individually created videos.
Freedom Movement Stories We Always Wanted to Tell, short stories by many veterans.
SNCC/SLP Conferences Collection, videos from SNCC conferences and SLP events.
Panels & Presentations about the Freedom Movement
Julian Bond Video Collection, interviews by Gregg Ivers (American Univ).
Charles Bonner Collection, videos created by a SNCC veteran.
Courtland Cox Collection, videos created by SNCC and SLP leader.
James Farmer Collection, videos from Farmer's Civil Rights Movement course, 1986.
Freedom Summer Interviews & Stories, 1964-1965
Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Conference Collection, June 2014.
Library of Congress: Civil Rights History Project
Movement Veterans Interviewed by Students.
Questions From Teachers Collection, 2 discussions by UC Berkeley.
Sixth Floor Museum Oral History Collection, Museum at Dealey Plaza, Dallas TX.
St. Augustine Movement Collection
Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Collection, oral-history interviews.
Voices Across the Colorline, Atlanta History Center interviews.
Voices of Freedom ~ Virginia Commonwealth University, videos related to the Movement in Virginia.

Documentary Films Collection

The Documentary Films Collection contains films about Freedom Movement events or individuals from an "up-from-below" and "inside-out" view of the Civil Rights Movement.

Excerpt from Accompanying: The Journey of Alice and Staughton Lynd, by Maestra Productions & Prison Radio. 2023. SNCC, freedom schools, Spelman, Howard Zinn. 23min. (Full film)

Al, My Brother, By Cash Michaels. The story of 82-year old civil rights attorney/activist Alan McSurely, and his over 50-year battle against racism and white supremacy. 2018. 98min.

Anne Braden: Southern Patriot, by Anne Lewis & Mimi Pickering, Appalshop, Inc. 2012. First person documentary about a long-time, dedicated, rights leader. 58min.

Freedom Ride to Houston, 1961 Los Angeles to Houston Freedom Ride and Progressive Youth Association (Texas Southern Univ) sit-in and arrest. By Comcast Newsmakers. 2022. 16min.

In Rarefied Air: A Civil Rights Story, 8 Train Productions (Jack Straton), 2009. SNCC member Karen Haberman Trusty talks to Portland State University students. 57min.

The Intolerable Burden: 50th Anniversary of the Integration of Schools in Drew Mississippi, by COFO and Fannie Lou Hamer Institute at Jackson State Univ. Film and discussion, 108min.

Living the Story: Civil Rights Movement in Kentucky, by Brannon & Rouse, Kentucky Historical Society, 2002. 58min.

E.D. Nixon and The Montgomery Bus Boycott, by Lucy Massier Phenix, You Got to Move Shorts. 1983/2021. 9min.

One More River to Cross, by Glen & Susan Percy. 1969/2012. About the movement in Southwest Georgia. 23min.

Passage at St. Augustine, by Clennon L. King (son of Albany GA Movement leader C.B. King), AugustineMonica Films, 2015. Depiction of the fierce nonviolent anti-segregation movement in the small Florida town of St. Augustine in 1964. 60min.

The Road to Mississippi Reclaiming Our History, by Grito Productions with Through Our Eyes Video and History Project. 1990. Students at Schomburg Satellite Academy (NYC) analyze the Hollywood film Mississippi Burning, that misrepresents the lynching of Chaney, Schwerner, and Goodman. 29min. (See also Commentaries on Mississippi Burning.)

They Say I'm Your Teacher: the Story of the Citizenship Schools, by Lucy Massier Phenix and Veronica Selver, You Got to Move Shorts. 1985/2019. Story of Bernice Robinson, the Citizenship Schools and the clandestine struggle for voting rights in the 1950s. 9min.

The Way to Freedom Selma and the Making of a Movement, by Northern Light Productions for National Park Service. 2020. Story of courageous ordinary citizens, many of them teenagers, who successfully challenged racism, bigotry, and entrenched power in the 1960s to gain the right to vote. 23min.

We Have the Power, We Can Do It, the Story of Bill Saunders and the Charleston SC Hospital Workers' Strike, by Lucy Massier Phenix, You Got to Move Shorts. 2020, 13min.

Counter Histories: documenting the struggle to desegregate southern restaurants in the Civil Rights Movement. By Southern Foodways Alliance, Kate Medley series director/producer, John T. Edge executive producer. 2014.

Durham's NC's "Royal Seven", sit-in at Royal Ice Cream in 1957. With Rev. Douglas E. Moore and Virginia Lee Williams. By Jesse Paddock. 9min.

Nashville Student Movement, 1960s Sit-ins, Nashville TN. Interviews with: Gloria McKissack, Mathew Walker Jr. By Wyatt Williams and Dustin Chambers. By Kate Medley and Mimi Schiffman. 8min.

Friendship 9, Rock Hill SC, nine students from Friendship College use a "Jail, No Bail" strategy to desegregate lunch counters in 1961. By Fr3deR1cK Taylor and Ellen Barnard. 8min.

Dizzyland Cafe Sit-In, Cambridge MD, and the role of sit-ins in 1963. By Nick and Kelsey Michaels. 7min.

1963 Sit-in, Woolworth's lunch counter, Jackson, MS. By Kate Medley and Mimi Schiffman. Interviews with: Colia Clark, Rev. Ed King, Joan Trumauer Mulholland. 7min.


Our Voices Collection

The Our Voices Collection contains individual videos created by, or substantially featuring, Freedom Movement veterans who present an "up-from-below" and "inside-out" view of the Civil Rights Movement.

Ron (Cole) Bridgeforth Oral-History Interview, by Brotherhood of Elders Network, discusses Freedom Summer, SNCC, Mississippi. 63min. Transcript.

Doris Derby: Memorial Service Video Remembrance, by Joyce Ladner, on Behalf of the SNCC Legacy Project (SLP). 2min

From Georgia and Virginia to Harlem and Beyond, by Peggy Trotter Dammond Preacely. A video poem for Black History month, 2022. 4min. Transcription.

Ernest McMillan: Sidley Celebrates Black History Month, by Sidley Austin LLP, 2023. Dallas, TX, racial justice, social justice, Dallas Environmental Justice Network. 67min.

Claire Milligan Oral History Session #1, 164min ~ Transcript.
Claire Milligan Oral History Session #2, 137min ~ Transcript.
Southern Freedom Movement, Montgomery, AL, Black Workers Congress (BWC), lifetime of activism. Interviewed by Bruce Hartford.

Nannie Louise Pinchback's Letter from Jail, Danville, VA, 1963, read by herself. By S. Wolen and IMLS Institute for Museum and Library Services. 2010. 4min

Past & Present: A Gathering With Freedom Movement Veterans, Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement gathering at Stanford University, 2015. By students from Wilson & Harbor high schools Santa Cruz Co. CA. 12min.

Remembering Dr. King — A Winter Soldier, by Bruce Hartford. MLK Day remembrance at The Women's Building, San Francisco, for Indivisible SF. 2018. Transcript of similar address.

Jimmy Rogers Interview, by students from The Urban School of San Francisco, 2010. SNCC veteran Jimmy Rogers discusses the movement in Alabama, Tuskegee University, Lowndes County, and the assassination of Jonathan Daniels. 120min.

Selma and Its Aftermath: A Photographic Journey, by New Hampshire Institute of Politics. Civil rights veteran Bill Monnie discusses his book: Selma and It's Aftermath. 2022. 85min.

Selma and the Long Struggle for Voting Rights, by Bruce Hartford, John Lewis memorial "Good Trouble Vigil for Democracy" vigil, July 20, 2021, Oakland CA., 9min.

Stand For Freedom: the Life and Times of Willie B. Wazir Peacock, by Lis Cox, 2014. 124min.
   Excerpt discussing organizing, 6min.
   Excerpt a shooting in Greenwood MS, 5min.
   Excerpt about courage, 7min.

Charles Sherrod: Keynote Address at Race and Law Conference, to "50 Years After the Sit-Ins" conference at University of Virginia School of Law. 2010. 26min.


The Freedom Movement Stories We Always Wanted to Tell Collection

This collection contains short videos from a 2010 Movement veterans story- telling session at the San Francisco Main Library to an audience of other movement veterans and family members.

Chude Allen ~ My Mother and Father Believe Ours Is a Good Country, 7min. Transcript

Miriam Cohen Glickman ~ Our Mississippi Dilemma, 3min. Transcript

Hardy Frye ~ Everyone Was a Leader, 6min. Transcript.

Bruce Hartford ~ Albert Turner & the Rocking Chair, 7min. Transcript

Stu House ~ 'Inciting to Riot' in Selma Alabama, 7min. Transcript

Adam Kine ~ Greenwood, 10min. Transcript

Sherie Labedis ~ Fireball in the Night, 7min. Transcript

Mike Miller ~ The Agitator, 10min. Transcript

Willie B. Wazir Peacock ~ "Oh Freedom", 5min.

Willie B. Wazir Peacock ~ Fighting for Freedom in the Mississippi Delta, 9min. Transcript.

Jimmy Rogers ~ Experience with Violence in Lowndes County, 8min. Transcript

Scott B. Smith Jr ~ My Name is Scott B. Smith, Jr., 6min. Transcript

Nancy Elaine Stoller ~ Bowling in Prince Georges County, 9min. Transcript

Rick Tuttle ~ The Brutal Winona Mississippi Jail Beatings of June 1963, 10min. Transcript

Bright Winn ~ Mrs. Magruder, 15min. Transcript


SNCC Anniversary Conferences and SLP Events

Videos from Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committe (SNCC) anniversary conferences and SNCC Legacy Project (SLP) events.

SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference, online, 2021
SNCC 50th Anniversary Conference, Raleigh NC, 2010
SNCC 40th Anniversary Conference, Raleigh NC, 2000

SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference, Online.

The SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference was held online in October of 2021 to commemorate the founding of SNCC in 1960 and to uplift the current anti-racist, pro-people struggles of young activists today.

Videos produced by the SNCC Legacy Project (SLP), 2021.

Plenary Sessions

SNCC: 60 Years Strong , Retrospective video about the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968). 21min.

In Memoriam, SNCC members memorial video. 8min.

Stand Up and Shout: the SNCC Freedom and Justice Concert, Virtual concert celebrating SNCC and the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968). 74min.

Panels & Workshops

60th-1: The Power Of The Past, We who believe in freedom cannot rest. By SNCC Legacy Project (SLP), 82min.

60th-2: The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, 70min. Transcript.

60th-3: Lowndes County Freedom Party (LCFP), Black Power, political educational, organizing strategies, voting rights, political power. 70min. Transcript.

60th-4: Making Our Way Into Political Office To Make Change, Power of office, policy, legislative and financial needs of the Black community. 59min. Transcript.

60th-5: Organizing The Black Community To Vote, Electoral organizing strategies: presidential, state and local. 2020, 2022, 2024. 71min. Transcript.

60th-6: The Fight For The MS Educational Ballot Initiative, Mississippi "education is essential" ballot initiative. 67min.

60th-7: Attorneys General and District Attorneys, Justice, district attorneys, attorneys general, legal systems, and voters. 72min. Transcript.

60th-8: SNCC: 60 Years Strong, Retrospective video about the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968). 21min.

60th-9: Criminal Justice: Effecting Change, Addressing police violence and criminal justice disparities. 78min. Transcript.

60th-10 Changing The Mission Of The Criminal Justice System, Addressing police violence and criminal justice disparities., 78min. Transcript.

60th-11 Economic Power And Economic Security, Politics, economics, and the wellbeing of the Black community. 72min. Transcript.

60th-12 Education for Self Determination, 77min. Transcript.

60th-13 The Artist as Activist, 68min. Transcript.

60th-14 Affordable Housing, Safe Neighborhoods. 79min. Transcript.

60th-15 The Importance of Land; Food Insecurity. 62min. Transcript.

60th-16 Stand Up And Shout: SNCC Freedom & Justice Concert. Featuring 60 Years Of Voices Of Artists/Activists. 74min.

60th-17 The Path Forward, Racial divisions, securing rights, create the benefits a democratic and equitable society, vision61min. Transcript.

60th-18 HBCUs and Africana Studies Programs, Cultural preservation, passing down generational knowledge, the role of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Black Studies, and Africana programs71min. Transcript.

60th-19 Black-Brown Movement Building, Rachel Gilmer, Paul Ortiz, Zoharah Simmons, Maria Varela. 71min. Transcript.

60th-20 Where Do We Go From Here?, What must we do to strengthen and protect the Black community? How will technological and demographic change affect Black struggle? 67min. Transcript.

60th-21 Telling And Teaching The SNCC Story, SNCC Digital Gateway (SDG), Civil Rights Movement Archive (CRMA), Zinn Education Project. 65min. Transcript.

60th-22 Building Political Alliances and Coalitions, Heather Booth, Denise Diaz, Adam Kruggel, Larry Rubin. 60min. Transcript.

60th-23 Controlling Local, State and Federal Budgets, Politicians and budgets: Kwame Brown, Elijah Rogers, Carol Thompson Cole. 53min. Transcript.

60th-24 A Salute to Past and Upcoming Generations, Young organizers, current activists, immediate and future challenges: Courtland Cox, Dejuana Thompson. 44min. Transcript.

SNCC Digital Gateway, telling SNCC's history, Geri Augusto, Judy Richardson, Emilye Crosby and Hasan Kwame Jeffries. 42min.

Conference Small Group Discussions

As part of the SNCC 60th Conference in October of 2021, eight small-groups of Freedom Movement veterans discussed the Freedom Movement and how it affected their lives. The sessions were video-recorded and transcribed. The videos have not been edited. The transcripts contain clarifications, corrections, and annotations in [brackets]. Please check a transcript before quoting from a discussion

Group A:   VideoTranscription
Bruce Hartford, Jennifer Lawson, Peter de Lissovoy, Claire O'Connor Rick Tuttle

Group B:  VideoTranscription
Chude Pam Parker Allen, Heather Tobis Booth, Daphne Muse, Gwendolyn Zoharah Simmons, Larry Spears, Pat Vail

Group C:  VideoTranscription [TBD]
Ron Cole Bridgeforth, Theresa El-Amin, Martha Livingston, Penny Patch, Dorothy Zellner

Group D:  VideoTranscription
Phyllis Cunningham, Fatima Cortez, Laura Foner, Karen Haberman (Trusty), Peter Orris, John McAuliff

Group E:  VideoTranscription
Arlene Dunn, Ira Grupper, Constancia Dinky Romilly, Karen Spellman, Nancy Stearns, Eugene Turitz

Group F:  VideoTranscription
Josh Gould, Janet Heinritz-Canterbury, Ed Nakawatase, Frances O'Brien, Muriel Tillinghast

Group G:  VideoTranscription
Angeline Butler, Marion Kwan, Linda Wetmore Halpern, Johnny E. Parham, Jr., Bill Perlman, Jane Silver

Group H:  VideoTranscription
Miriam Cohen Glickman, Carol Rogoff Hallstrom, Faith Holsaert, Timothy Jenkins

SNCC 50th Anniversary Conference, Shaw University, Raleigh NC, April 2010. Videos produced by California Newsreel.

SNCC 50th #1 ~ Opening Plenary by California Newsreel, 100min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #2 ~ Early Student Movement Philosophy and Activism, 53min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #3 ~ From Student Activist to Field Organizers 96min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #4 ~ SNCC Builds an Organization, 77min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #5 ~ The Raleigh Civil Rights Movement, 79min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #6 ~ Luncheon Keynote: Rev James Lawson, 41min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #7 ~ The Societal Response to SNCC, 80min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #8 ~ Up South: We Raised Money, We Raised Hell, 82min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #9 ~ More than a Hamburger, 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #10 ~ Moving On Mississippi—We Had to Be Strong, Hollis Watkins (SNCC Field Secretary), Brenda Travis (Pike County Nonviolent Movement), Rev. Willie Blue (SNCC Field Secretary), 80min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #11 Alabama ~ Turning To Ourselves, Black power as articulated by SNCC, Lowndes County, Alabama, 86min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #12 Southwest Georgia—Do You Want To Be Free, SNCC Project Director Charles Sherrod, Rutha Harris SNCC Field Secretary, Shirley Sherrod. 76min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #13 Arkansas, Cambridge MD, Danville VA, Everybody Say Freedom, 83min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #14 ~ The Impact and Influence of SNCC on American Society 1960-1968, Vincent Harding (SNCC & SCLC Advisor), Charles Payne (Univ. of Chicago) Taylor Branch (Author), Clayborne Carson (Stanford Univ.), Tom Hayden (SDS)117min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #15 ~ What was SNCC and how did it evolve?, Joyce Ladner, Timothy Jenkins, Cleveland Sellers, Zohorah Simmons. 103min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #16 ~ Political Impact of SNCC 1964-1984, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Courtland Cox, Julian Bond. 95min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #17 Luncheon Keynote - Harry Belafonte, Rev. David Forbes, Dr. Dorothy Yancy. 65min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #18 ~ Ella Baker's Roots: Give People Light..., Rev. William Barber, Tim Tyson, Carolyn Brockington, Bernice Johnson Reagon.81min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #19 ~ Depictions of the Movement in Popular Culture, many participants. 95min.

SNCC 50th #20 ~ Black Power Black Education and Pan Africanism, Courtland Cox, Geri Augusto, Gregory Carr, Sylvia Hill, Howard Moore. 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #21 ~ The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Lawrence Guyot, Michael Thelwell, Armand Derfner, MacArthur Cotton. 96min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #22 ~ Women Leaders and Organizers–You Can Do This, Frances Beal, Mary King, Cynthia Fleming, Doris Derby, Maria Varela, Martha Prescod Norman Noonan. 97min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #23 ~ The Black Church and Black Struggle, Rev. Bernard Lafayette, Rev. Nelson Johnson, Rev. David Forbes. 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #24 ~ Highlander, SSOC and Organizing in the White Community We Knew That We Were Not Free, Bob Zellner, Sue Thrasher, Sharlene Kranz, Margaret Lauren Herring, Candie Carawan, Ed Hamlett. 95min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #25 ~ SNCC and the Black Arts Movement: We Had to Change the Conversation, A.B. Spellman, Amiri Baraka, Haki Madhubuti, Jamila Jones, John O'Neal. 90min. Transcript.

SNCC 50th #26 ~ Plenary, Joyce Ladner traces her roots in the tiny Black community of Palmers Crossing to civil rights activism. 62min.

SNCC 50th #27 ~ SNCC Children Speak, Maisha Moses, James Forman, Jr, Tarik Smith, Sabina Zuqiga Varela, Zora Cobb, Hollis Watkins, Jr. 72min.

SNCC 50th #28 ~ Luncheon Keynote: Congressman John Lewis, history in action (plus the chickens story). 54min.

SNCC 50th #29 ~ Luncheon Keynote - US Attorney General Eric Holder, from the sit-ins to Obama, racial inequality in everything from unemployment rates to the length of prison terms. 29min.

SNCC 50th #30 ~ The Young Peoples Project ~ The Young Peoples Project. Omo Moses, Albert Sykes, Various Activists. 88min.  Transcript

SNCC 50th #31 ~ The Cradle to Prison Pipeline, Benetta Standly, Crystal Mattison, Carmen Perez, Carrie Richburg. 91min. Transcript

SNCC 50th #32 ~ Actions For A New World, Ash-Lee Henderson, Jonathan Lewis, Djuan Coleon, Ace Washington, Marilyn Shaw. 149min. Transcript

SNCC 50th #33 ~ Special Program - Dick Gregory ~ They're Asking Different Questions Today. 68min. Transcript

SNCC 50th #34 ~ Plenary - In Remembrance of Ella Baker, Howard Zinn, and James Forman Charles Sherrod, Dr. Carolyn Brockington, Constancia 'Dinky' Romilly, Vincent Harding. 82min. Transcript

SNCC 50th #35 ~ Dinner Keynote - Danny Glover, The Real Costs Lie Ahead. 36min. Transcript

SNCC 50th #36 ~ Freedom Concert, Hot 8 Brass Band, SNCC Freedom Singers, Bernice Johnson Reagon, Guy Carawan, Len Chandler, Harry Belafonte, more...

SNCC 50th #37 ~ Plenary - Bob Moses, We the People, Transcript

SNCC 50th #38 ~ Closing Program - Bernice Johnson Reagon, Solidarity of Past, Present and Future. Transcript

SNCC 40th Anniversary Conference Collection, Shaw University, Raleigh NC, April 2000.

SNCC 40th #1 ~ Conference welcome and remembrance of Ms. Ella Baker, by SNCC veterans, 62min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #2 ~ Remembrance of Ms. Ella Baker, continued by SNCC veterans, 63min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #3 ~ Ella Baker discussion continued and general discussion, by SNCC veterans. 61min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #4 ~ Workshop discussing strategies and tactics of organizing, by SNCC veterans. 61min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #5 ~ The role of struggle in the development of a democratic society, by SNCC veterans. 39min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #6 ~ Remembrances of the first meeting organizing SNCC, by SNCC veterans. 60min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #7 ~ Remembrance of Ms. Ella Baker by Ann Braden, by SNCC veterans. 41min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #8 ~ Ms. Ella Baker's role in the founding of SNCC, 54min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #9 ~ Chuck McDew's remembrances; Ella Baker as mentor (Ladner), 63min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #10 and #11 ~ Installation of a historic marker for SNCC in Raleigh, NC, 60min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #12 ~ ~ The legacy of Ms. Ella Baker, 48min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #13 ~ Welcoming remarks; history of SNCC, 55min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #14 Baker award: The Algebra Project; Jamil Al-Amin, 35min. Transcript

SNCC 40th #15 Workshop on strategies and tactics for organizing. Muriel Tillinghast, Victoria Gray and Lawrence Guyot. 41min. Transcript.

SNCC 40th #16 The Importance of Building Alliances . 60min. Transcript.


Panels & Presentations about the Freedom Movement

Call To Action: The SNCC Experience in Dallas, with Bishop Mark Herbener, Ernest McMillan, and Edward Harris 2006. 78min.

Civil Rights and Black Power in Global Context, Dr. Joshua Davis, Courtland Cox, Jennifer Lawson, & Daphne Muse. International work of the Freedom Movement, Black Power, Vietnam War, independence of African nations, apartheid in South Africa. 2023. 91min.

Civil Rights and the Southern Freedom Movement, Chude Allen, Marion Kwan, and Karen Trusty talk with an ElderStudy group. 2024 114min. Transcript.

Black History Month—SNCC Women Speak, Efia Nwangaza, Fannie Rushing and Theresa El-Amin share their SNCC stories for Black History Month, 2024. 68min.


Julian Bond Video Collection

The videos in this collection were created by the Julian Bond Oral History Project which is dedicated to the memory, work, and career of Julian Bond from 1960-1968 and to the broader Southern civil rights movement. These interviews were conducted primarily by Gregg Ivers, Project Director and professor of government at American University in Washington DC.

Charles Black, interviewed by Greg Ivers, Atlanta Student Movement and Atlanta Inquirer. 2019. 54min. Transcript.

Heather Tobis Booth, Freedom Summer volunteer. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 64min. Transcript.

Charlie Cobb, SNCC. 2019. 94min. Transcription

Courtland Cox, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 55min. Transcription

David Dennis, CORE, COFO. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 71min. Transcription

Dion Diamond, NAG, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 47min. Transcription

Lonnie King, Atlanta Student Movement. By Gregg Ivers, 2018. 61min. Transcript.

Joyce Ladner, NAACP & SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 100min. Transcription

Jennifer Lawson, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 92min. Transcription

Bob Moses interview, SNCC, COFO, MFDP. By Gregg Ivers, 2018. 132min. Transcript.

Joan Trumpauer Mulholland, Freedom Rides, SNCC. by Gregg Ivers, 2019. SNCC. 86min. Transcription

Ed Nakawatse Interview, SNCC. By Gregg Ivers, 2019. 87min.

Betty Garman Robinson, SNCC. by Gregg Ivers, 2019. 66min. Transcription

Larry Rubin, interviewed by Gregg Ivers, Freedom Summer, SNCC, etc. 2019. 100min. Transcript.

Dorothy Zellner, interviewed by Gregg Ivers, SNCC, Freedom Summer, etc. 2019. 78min. Transcript.


Charles Bonner Collection

While still in his teens, Charles Bonner was a leader of the high school and college students in Selma Alabama who were the backbone and nonviolent warriors of the Voting Rights Campaign.

An Interview With Worth Westinghouse Long. Civil rights attorney and SNCC veteran Charles Bonner interviews fellow SNCC leader Worth Long, the SNCC Selma project director, and "The person who taught us the power of nonviolence in the movement." 2005. 31min.

Charles Bonner: Tip of the Arrow interview by Wesley Hogan. Discussion recorded for the SNCC 60th Anniversary Conference in October 2021 about his book about the young students who led the Selma Movement from 1963-1965. 10min.

The Fierce Urgency Of Now, by Charles Bonner. Discussion with John Broussard, Howard Moore, Charlie Love, and Stu House, for the 56th Anniversary of the 1965 Voters Rights Act. About One Person-One Vote, reparations, true democracy, and reestablishing the core of the Voters Rights Act — now. 68min.

Charles Bonner Speaks at The Skanner Foundation MLK Breakfast. 30min.

Conversation between Charles Bonner and Motivation.In.Action founder Geneviive Jones-Wright for Black History Month 2022. 20min

Charles Bonner Interview with Selma Sheriff Jim Clark, Selma student protest leader talks with the notorious sheriff to tried to suppress the Freedom Movement. 77min.


Courtland Cox Collection

Mr. Say Ain't Nothing, Mr. Do's the Man, the guiding principle of SNCC's political organizing. 2021. 1min.

The Struggle for Human Rights. Viewing the struggle for justice and human rights as a long, complex, and multi-layered journey. A. Philip Randolph and John Lewis' speech at the March on Washington. Ella Baker and the sit-ins. 2021. 6min.

Control the Narrative. SNCC and the essentiality of controlling the narrative as a frame of reference from which action is taken. The strategic centrality of "freedom." The importance of "Black Power" and "Black Lives Matter." 2021. 6min.

Problems, Solutions and the Struggle for Power, What we see as problems our opponents see as solutions. Voting rights and who exercises politial power. 2021. 3min.

Politics as an Expression of Economic Interests. The vote is the currency of politics. Who defines and who decides? 2021. 4min.

The Movement History Initiative, developing collaborations with HCBUs and Africana Studies departments to present our history from the inside-out, and the bottom up. 2021. 2min.

The SLP Digital Movement Platform, purpose, goals and objectives, 2021. 2min.


James Farmer Collection

Video lecture & reflection recordings from James Farmer's Civil Rights Movement in the 20th Century course taught by him at the University of Mary Washington 1986-1987. Original source metadata.

Lecture Transcripts:

Civil Rights Movement Overview, 27min. Transcript.

Militant Resistance and the Harlem Riots, 32min. Transcript.

Course Exam Review and Q&A, 34min. Transcript.

Reflection Segment Transcripts

Reflections compiled and produced by WNVT-TV, University of Mary Washington.
  1. Freedom Movement of the 1940s-1960s, 27min. Transcript.

  2. Beginning of the Nonviolence Movement of the 1940s-1960s, 26min. Transcript.

  3. The Creation of the Freedom Rides, 30min. Transcript.

  4. The Beginning of the Freedom Rides, 29min. Transcript.

  5. Malcolm X, Nation of Islam, Debate at Cornell, 29min. Transcript.

  6. Malcolm X, Changing Perspectives, Untimely Death, 27min. Transcript.

  7. March on Washington, Plaquemine, LA, 27min. Transcript.

  8. Plaquemine, LA, Escape from Mob, 27min. Transcript.

  9. Freedom Summer, Missing CORE Volunteers, 26min. Transcript.

  10. Freedom Summer, Death of CORE Volunteers, 29min. Transcript.

  11. Bogalusa, Louisiana, Movement, Deacons of Defense and Justice, 29min. Transcript.

  12. The Struggle for Identity Among Black Activists , 27min. Transcript.

  13. Illiteracy and the Center for Community Action Education, 29min. Transcript.
[© Copyrights to these videos and transcripts are retained by Special Collections and University Archives, Simpson Library, University of Mary Washington. These items are available for use in research, teaching, and private study. Items may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes without prior written consent from the University of Mary Washington.]


Freedom Summer Interviews & Stories, 1964-1965

As used in this section, " Freedom Summer" is a generic term covering all of the instances when northerner volunteers (students, professionals, and others) came to support the Southern Freedom Movement over Summer vacation and Thanksgiving and Winter holidays in 1963, '64, and '65, in multiple southern states. For additional information see Documents From Freedom Summer Projects and Letters & Reports From Freedom Summer .

Malcom_Farmer, interviewed by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 35min.

David Gass, interviewed by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 37min.   Transcript

Jim Kates Interview, interviewed by Dr. Rob Widell.University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 53min.

Tom Gardner, SSOC, Virginia. Interviewed by Bruce Watson. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 39min.

Michael Van Leesten, interview by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 42min.

John Pratt, interview by Bruce Watson. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 35min.

David Reily, interviewed by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 41min.

Gary Rothberger, interviewed by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 42min.

Nancy Schieffelin, interview by Dr. Julia Jordan-Zachery. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 30min.

John (Jay) Shetterly, interviewed by Bruce Watson, re Panola Co. MS. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 17min.

Richard Sugerman, interviewed by Melvin Wade. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 66min.

David Trimble, interviewed by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 32min.

Dan Lynn Watt, interviewed by Rob Widell. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 37min.   Transcript

Molly Lynn Watt, Highlander Center, TN. Interviewed by University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 37min.

Norman Zalkind, interviewed by Bruce Watson. University of Rhode Island Multicultural Center, 2014. 27min.


Mississippi Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Reunion & Conference Collection, June 2014

The Mississippi Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Reunion & Conference was held 2014 at Tougaloo College in Jackson Mississippi to celebrate, commemorate, and assess the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Summer that brought in more than 1000 out-of-state volunteers to support the long struggle for voting rights in that state.

Videos by Natalie Bullock Brown/Ascension Productions.

The Freedom Struggle in Mississippi 1946-1964, Beverly Hogan (Tougaloo), Hollis Watkins (SNCC), Joyce Ladner (SNCC) and Derrick Johnson (NAACP). 68min.

The Historic Importance of Mississippi Freedom Summer 1964, Charlie Cobb, David Dennis, Marian Wright Edelman, and Robert "Bob" Moses. 80min

In the Mississippi River, Martyrs of the Mississippi Movement, Judy Richardson, C. Leigh McInnis, Rita Schwerner Bender, Timothy Jenkins, Hollis Watkins, Freedom Singers. 84min.

Heroes and Sheroes of Freedom Summer, Danny Glover, Judy Richardson, Timothy Jenkins, 58min.

Roll Call of Freedom Summer Activists and Volunteers, 119min.

We are the children of the movement, Ayanna Gregory, 3min

This movement changed the world, Ayanna Gregory, 4min

Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Banquet

Welcome by Derrick Johnson, 4min

Statement of the Occasion, Julian Bond, 14min

The People of the Movement, Dave Dennis, 11min.

How Do We Thank Tougaloo? Hank Thomas, 8min

Keynote Address, Dick Gregory, introduction by Ayanna Gregory and Hollis Watkins. 80min


Library of Congress: Civil Rights History Project

The Civil Rights History Project Collection is a joint initiative of the Library of Congress and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture to collect video and audio recordings of personal histories and testimonials of individuals who participated in the Civil Rights movement. The project was initiated in 2010 with the survey and with interviews beginning in 2011.

Cynthia & Fletcher Anderson, Oral History Interview by Joseph Mosnier. Bogalusa LA, Deacons of Defense and Justice, Bogalusa Voters League, job discrimination. 2011. 83min.   Transcript

Bennett, Breaux, & Jenkins, by Joseph Mosnier. Bogalusa LA movement. 2011. 81min   Transcript

Louise Broadway, by Will Griffin. Baker County Georgia Movement, mother who sent daughter to all-white school, doctor to Freedom Riders. 2013. 34min   Transcript

Guy & Candie Carawan, by Joseph Mosnier. Music and the Freedom Movement, Highlander Folk School. 2011. 53min   Transcript

John Churchville, by Joseph Mosnier. SNCC, Americus GA & MS, Freedom Library, Black People's Unity Movement PA. 2011. 153min   Transcript

Vernon Dahmer Jr, by Emilye Crosby. Hattiesburg, Mississippi, segregation, military, killing of Vernon Dahmer Sr, Klu Klux Klan trial. 2015. 111min  Transcript

Thomas Gaither, by Joseph Mosnier. Orangeburg, South Carolina, Claflin College, Student sit-ins, CORE, Freedom Rides, NAACP. 2011. 131min   Transcript

Myrtle Gonza Glascoe, CORE, SNCC, West Point, Mississippi, Phillips County, Arkansas, Avery Research Center. 2010. 94min.   Transcript

Audrey Hamilton & JoeAnn Ulmer, by Joseph Mosnier. St. Augustine sit-ins and protests of 1963 and 1964. 2011. 67min   Transcript

Marilyn Luper Hildreth. (NAACP) Youth Council, Oklahoma City, sit-ins, Clara Luper (mother), 2011. 33min.   Transcript

Freeman Hrabowski, by Joseph Mosnier. Birmingham Movement and church bombing. 2011. 78min   Transcript

Phil Hutchings, by Joseph Mosnier. NAG, SNCC, MFDP, SDS. 2011. 164min   Transcript

James Oscar Jones, Director SNCC Arkansas project. 2011. 127min.   Transcript

Jamila Jones, interviewd by Joseph Mosnier. Freedom Riders, Highlander Folk Center, "We Shall Overcome." 2011. 50min   Transcript

Calvin Luper, NAACP Youth Council, Oklahoma City, sit-ins, Clara Luper (mother). 2011. 24min.   Transcript

Alfred Moldovan, by Joseph Mosnier. MCHR, Meridian MS, Selma AL, March to Montgomery. 2011. 59min   Transcript

Barbara Vickers, by Joseph Mosnier. St. Augustine, FL, Dr. Robert Hayling, organized protests and kneel-ins, church segregation, monument to foot soldiers. 2011. 42min.   Transcript

Mildred Bond Roxborough, NAACP field worker and leader interviewed by Julian Bond. 2010. 85min.   Transcript

Richard Barry Sobol (with Anne Sobol), Lawyers Constitutional Defense Committee (LCDC), Deacons for Defense and Justice, Bogalusa, LA. 2011. 116min.   Transcript

Esther M.A. Terry, by Joseph Mosnier. 1960 Greensboro Woolworth's sit-in. 2011. 96min   Transcript

Sam Young, Jr, by Will Griffin, re SNCC, Southwest Georgia Project. Black farmers. School integration. 2013. 42min.   Transcript

[Note: No re-distribution of the materials to other entities or individuals is permitted in any format. Requests for use of the videos should be made to the American Folklife Center of the Library of Congress.]


Movement Veterans Talk With Students Collection

Interviews and discussions betweeen students and Civil Rights Movement veterans.

Chude Allen, Freedom Summer volunteer in Holly Springs Mississippi. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 121min. PDF transcript. Chude Allen background.

Dr. James ("Jimmy") Garrett, SNCC California & Mississippi, interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 129min. PDF transcript. Jimmy Garrett background.

Linda Wetmore Halpern, Freedom Summer volunteer in Greenwood Mississippi. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 106min. PDF transcript. Linda Wetmore Halpern background.

Bruce Hartford, CORE in California & SCLC in Selma, Alabama, and Mississippi. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 223min. PDF transcript. Bruce Hartford background.

Dr. Jeannine Herron, by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. Jeannine Herron and her husband Matt worked with SNCC in Mississippi and she was one of the founder of Child Development Group of Mississippi. 2020. 120min. PDF transcript.

Jacqueline Byrd Martin, McComb MS student protester. By Gregg Ivers, 2020. 85min. PDF Transcript.

Mike Miller, SNCC. Interviewed by high school students, 2020. 86min. PDF Transcript. Mike Miller background.

Dr. Mimi Real, Freedom Rider and CORE in Louisiana. Interviewed by high school students. 2020. 118min. PDF transcript. Mimi Real background.

Rick Sheviakov, Freedom Rides, Parchman Prison, Jackson, MS. Interviewed by students at Stuart Hall High School in San Francisco. 2020. 104min.


Questions From Teachers Collection

Two 2020 webinars hosted by U.C. Berkeley where Civil Rights Movement veterans discussed questions posed by teachers about the Freedom Movement and how it is taught.

August 4th Webinar. 87min.

August 6th Webinar. 97min.



Sixth Floor Museum Oral History Collection

This special oral history showcase, Voices from the Civil Rights Movement, includes a selection of interviews conducted with civil rights and social justice activists by the Sixth Floor Museum, Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas.

Thomas M. Armstrong, Freedom Ridger & Mississippi NAACP activist. 69min. 2021.

Call To Action: The SNCC Experience in Dallas, 2006. Panel discussion featuring SNCC members Bishop Mark Herbener, Ernest McMillan, and Edward Harris. 78min.

David Fankhauser, Freedom Rider. 67min. 2021.

Maria Gitin, SCLC/SCOPE Wilcox Co. Alabama. 84min. 2021.

Bruce Hartford, CORE, SCLC, California, Alabama, Selma, Grenada MS. 93min. 2022.

Jennifer Lawson, Birmingham student and SNCC organizer. 92min. 2021.

Lynda Blackmon Lowery, Selma student activist. 79min. 2021.

Ernest McMillan: Living History, by 2019. SNCC, Dallas, Morehouse, 1963, brief personal encounter with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 49min.

Dr. Wornie Reed, Montgomery bus boycott, March on Washington, People's Campaign. 95min. 2021.

Ron Ridenour, SNCC, Mississippi. 2023. 86min.

Betty Daniels Rosemond, CORE, Freedom Rider. 69min. 2021.


St. Augustine Movement Video Collection

Interviews from the Civil Rights Library of St. Augustine, presented in the Civil Rights Digital Library, from Flagler College and other archives.

Barbara Allen. 1964 sit-in arrest, Easter invasion, Florida Spring Project, police violence. 29min.

Willie Bolden, SCLC. Describes rallies, marches, KKK confrontations and assault on Andrew Young. 27min.

Dorothy Cotton in conversation with Andrew Young, re Citizenship Schools, assault on Young during a night march, the brutally attacked wade-in. 36min.

Shed Dawson. Wade-ins, police brutality and Civil Rights Act of 1964. 23min.

Audrey Nell Edwards. St. Augustine Four, Woolworth's sit-in, reform school, night marches, and Martin Luther King. 2009. 29min.

Bernice Harper. Andrew Young, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Wade-in. Night March, Augustine Four. 2023. 41min.

Robert Hayling, by Andrew Young. Movement leader, the arrest of Dr. King, arrest of Mary Peabody, marches, rallies, shootings, Klan assault, and Jackie Robinson's visit. 34min.

Maude Jackson. Marches, clashes with the KKK, mass arrests, police brutality, arrest of Mary Peabody, and Civil Rights Act of 1964. 9min.

Errol Jones, re arrest of Mary Peabody, Assault on Andrew Young, marches and rallies, SCM and SCLC projects. 34min.

Malcolm Peabody. Arrest of his mother Mary Peabody, marches, clashes with the KKK, mass arrests, police brutality. 2013. 40min.

Janie Price, Bombing, Civil Rights Act, night march, shooting William Kinard. 2022. 15min.

JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer. St. Augustine Four, picketing, sit-ins, visits of Jackie Robinson and Dr. King. 18min.

Barbara Vickers. Ku Klux Klan, Manucy's Raiders, NAACP, SCLC, St. Augustine Four, Assault on Andrew Young, Drive-by Shooting, Night March. 2023. 78min.

Audrey Willis. Attempted Integration of Church, sit-in, night March, police dogs. 2022. 12min.


Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Oral History Project Collection

Oral history interviews of local and national activists, political and community leaders, and grassroots people who actively worked in Mississippi communities during the 1950s-60s. Produced by Owen Brooks, VMCRM Oral History Project. Tougaloo College. See also Oral Histories Library.

Judge Rueben Anderson, 'Ole Miss Law School, NAACP Legal Defense Fund, Mississippi Supreme Court. 2006. 58min

Judge Fred Banks, 1961. Baltimore sit-ins. Lawyer with the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. President of the Jackson Branch NAACP, circuit judge, member of the Mississippi Supreme Court. 2006. 43min.

Rev. Rims Barber, Presbyterian minister from Iowa, Freedom Summer volunteer, Delta Ministry organizer in Canton MS from 1965 to 1966. 2006. 95min.

Mayor Marion Barry, 1st Chairman of SNCC, Mayor of Washington DC. 43min.

Rev. Willie Blue, SNCC, MFDP, Democratic convention 1964. 2006. 60min Audio only.

A.B. Britton, 2005 or 2006. Mississippi. USCCR, Meredith March. 45min.

Owen Brooks, 2006. NAACP, Delta Ministry, SNCC, 1943-98, 68min.

Judge Margaret Burnham, SNCC & COFO 1963-65 Mississippi. 2007. 79min.

Rev. Clinton Collier, 2005. Meridian and Neshoba MS, MFDP candidate, 120min.

Courtland Cox, 2006. Nonviolent Action Group, Howard University, SNCC Coordinating Council & Executive Committee, March on Washington, Freedom Summer, Lowndes County AL, War Crimes Tribunal, SNCC Legacy Project. 119min. Transcript.

Dr. L.C. Dorsey, 2006. Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer, Head Start, Operation Help, MFDP, Delta Ministry, National Council of Churches, 42min.

Frank Figgers, 2005. Tougaloo College, Jackson Human Rights Project, Georgetown & Black and Proud Liberation School. Black and Proud Elementary School. 93min. Transcript.

James (Jimmy) Garrett, 2005 1962-66, CORE, SNCC, Louisiana, Mississippi, California, 26min.

Lawrence Guyot, 2004. SNCC field secretary, Parchman Penitentiary, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Chairman. 114min.

Vincent Harding, 2006. Martin Luther King, Spelman, Mennonite House, SCLC, SNCC, CORE, 16min.

Emory Harris, SNCC Freedom Singer. 2007. 37min.

Jessie Harris, 2006. SNCC, voting rights, Parchman Prison, MFDP, MS Delta, Greenwood, Laurel. 43min.

Constance Slaughter Harvey, 2005. 95min.

Jan Hillegas, 2002. CORE Syracuse NY, COFO West Point, Columbus, Jackson, MS, Freedom Information Service Mississippi. 10min.

Frankye Adams Johnson, 2005. NAACP, SNCC, Mississippi, 1963-1967. 121min,

Lavaree Jones, 2005. Mississippi. Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM). 45min.

Margaret Kibbee, 2006. Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) 1965-, 28min.

Henry Jay Kirksey, Mississippi state senator, economic, job and political opportunities for Blacks. 2004. 58min.

Dorie Ladner, NAACP, SNCC, 1961-68, Mississippi. 2006. 120min.

Marilyn Lowen, 2005. Mississippi, SNCC, Tougaloo, CDGM, MFDP, Neshoba Co. 74min.

Helen O'Neal McCray, Freedom Rider. 2007. 61min.

Bob Moses, SNCC, COFO, MFDP, Freedom Summer. 2006. 25min.

Bobby Talbert, 2005. McComb MS student movement, NAACP, SNCC, violence, arrests, AL, GA, VA, NC, SC, LA, TX, FL, MD, IL, IN. 88min.

Dorothy Zellner, SNCC, SCEF. 2005. 62min.


Voices Across the Color Line Collection

Interviews of Freedom Movement veterans by the Atlanta History Center - Kenan Research Center, 2005-2006.

Charles Black, Atlanta Student Movement (ASM). By Carole Merritt . Re Atlanta Student Movement, prison farm, women in the movement, Atlanta mayoral election, desegregation voter registration. 75min.

Willie Bolden, SCLC. By Carole Merritt. Re Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Dr. King, Saint Augustine FL, Selma AL, and Poor Peoples Campaign, Marks MS. 122min.

Rev. Joseph and Aletha Boone. By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement, Rush Memorial Congregational Church, Atlanta school desegregation. 58min.

Xernona Clayton, By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta civil rights movement, Ku Klux Klan, Dr. King. 58min.

Connie Curry, by Carole Merritt. Along with Ella Baker was a SNCC "adult advisor", active in Greensboro sit-ins and Mississippi school desegregation. 2005. 62min.

Morris Dillard, By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement (ASM) and Freedom Rides, 60min.

Lydia Douglas, By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement (ASM), Committee on the Appeal for Human Rights, sit-ins and arrest. 60min.

Pearlie Dove, by Carole Merritt. Re Equal pay for Black teachers, segregated education in Atlanta. 56min.

John and Mary Glustrom Interview. By Carole Merrit. 2006. Re Freedom Movement and race relations in Atlanta GA. 62min.

Jesse Hill, by Carole Merritt. NAACP 1950s voter registration activist, desegregation in Atlanta, founder Black newspaper Atlanta Inquirer, mobilized business support of the movement. 2005. 59min.

Dr. Alton Hornsby, Jr, Atlanta Student Movement (ASM). By Carole Merritt. Re Atlanta Student Movement, march on the Georgia State Capitol 1960, segregated busses. 2006. 59min.

Lonnie King, by Carole Merritt. Atlanta Student Movement, U.S. Navy, racial discrimination, Appeal for Humans Rights statement. 2005. 102min.

Muriel Lokey. By Carole Merritt. Re support for Atlanta school desegregation. 42min.

Ralph Luker, NAACP. By Carole Merritt. Re Raleigh, North Carolina; Duke University; Georgia movement; youth branches of the NAACP. 2005 61min.

Nan Pendergrast Interview. By Carole Merrit. 2006. Re Georgia Council on Human Relations, Help Our Public Education (HOPE), NAACP, League of Women Voters in Atlanta GA. 61min.

Portia Harden Potts, by Carole Merritt. One of the first African American students to desegregate schools in Atlanta, GA. 2006. 48min.

Fay Bellamy Powell, by Carole Merritt. SNCC staff member, Selma & Greene County, AL, Atlanta GA. Helped organize the 1965 Selma to Montgomery march., 2006. 150min.

Willie Ricks (Mukasa) by Carole Merritt. SNCC field secretary many locations. Part 1 121min, Part 2 121min.

Ernest Swann, student integrator. By Carole Merritt. Re desegregation of Atlanta public schools, white resistance. 2006. 57min.

C.T. Vivian, by Carole Merritt. SCLC leader, Nashville student movement, Birmingham, St. Augustine, Selma. 2006. Part 1 134min, Part 2 361min.

Dr. Clinton Warner by Carole Merritt re equal pay for teachers and treatment of Black patients by medical profession in Atlanta GA. 2006. Part 1 63min, Part 2 53min.


Voices of Freedom ~ Virginia Commonwealth University

Interview with Elizabeth & Jane Cooper, re Richmond VA school desegregation, 2003. 16min. Transcript.

Interview with Dottie Edwards, by Daugherty & Smith re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2016. 68min. Transcript.

Interview with Lucious Edwards, by Daugherty & Smith, re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2016. 75min. Transcript.

Interview with Tom Gardner, re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 87min. Transcript.

Interview with Thomas Hardy. Surry County Improvement Association; the Surry Assembly. 2003. 26min. Transcript.

Interview with Rev. Curtis Harris, re Virginia SCLC, civil disobedience. 39min. Transcript.

Interview with Roger Hickey, by re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 52min. Transcript.

Interview with Sen. Henry L. Marsh, III. , re "Massive Resistance", politics in Richmond, VA. 2003. 29min. Transcript.

Interview With Bill Monnie, by Daugherty & Smith, re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2015. 54min. Transcript.

Interview with David Nolan, by Daugherty & re Smith re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC) and St. Augustine movement, 2015. 61min. Transcript.

Interview with Nan Grogan Orrock, by Daugherty & Smith re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 76min. Transcript.

Interview with Dr. Milton A. Reid, SCLC, school desegregation, Danville, etc. 2003 17min. Transcript.

Interview with Dr. William Ferguson Reid. Richmond Crusade for Voters; Massive Resistance to school integration. 2003. 22min. Transcript.

Interview with Bruce Smith, by Daugherty & re Smith, re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC), 2016. 106min. Transcript.

Interview with John A. Stokes by Ronald Carrington re 1951 student strike against segregation at Moton High School in Prince Edward County VA. 2003. 28min. Transcript.

Interview with Steven Wise, by re Virginia Student Civil Rights Committee (VSCRC). 50min. Transcript.


CRMA Audio Collection

Streaming audio recordings from events, interviews, discussions, oral-histories, & etc.

Audio Contents:

The Stories We Always Wanted to Tell
Documentaries, Pod-Casts, & Presentations
Interviews, Narratives & Oral Histories
SCLC/SCOPE 50th Reunion, Atlanta GA, October 1-4 2015
Mississippi Oral Histories


The Stories We Always Wanted to Tell

Short stories about events we participated in, experiences we had, and the people we knew and loved. As told to a celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the student-led sit-ins of 1960, the rise of youth-led activism, and the founding of SNCC. Main library, San Francisco, March 27, 2010

Don Jelinek & Jean Wiley: Introduction  — Transcript

Chude Allen My Mother and Father Believe Ours Is a Good Country — Transcript
Ellen Broms High Yellow — Transcript
Kathy Cade My First Demonstration, Atlanta, 1962 — Transcript
Hardy Frye Everyone Was a Leader — Transcript
Maria Gitin Story From Wilcox County, Alabama — Transcript
Miriam Glickman     Our Mississippi Dilemma — Transcript
Linda Halpern The Shooting of Silas McGhee — Transcript
Bruce Hartford Albert Turner & the Rocking Chair — Transcript
Stu House "Inciting to Riot" in Selma AL — Transcript
Don Jelinek The Two Cows — Transcript
Adam Kline Greenwood, Mississippi — Transcript
Sherie Labedis Fireball in the Night — Transcript
Betita Martinez   Liz is Betita: A SNCC Memory — Transcript
Mike Miller The Agitator — Transcript
Wazir Peacock Fighting for Freedom in the Mississippi Delta — Transcript
Jimmy Rogers An Experience with Violence in Lowndes County, Alabama — Transcript
Scott B. Smith My Name is Scott B. Smith Jr. — Transcript
Nancy Stoller Bowling in Prince Georges County, Maryland — Transcript
Rick Tuttle The Brutal Winona, Mississippi Jail Beatings of June 1963 — Transcript
Bob Weil A Faulkner Tale — Transcript
Bright Winn Mrs. Magruder — Transcript
Michael WrightSNCC and My Movement Life — Transcript


Documentaries, Pod-Casts, & Presentations

Freedom in the Air A Documentary on Albany, Georgia (1961-1962), by Guy Carawan and Alan Lomax for SNCC, 1962. 41min.


Interviews, Narratives & Oral Histories

James Bell & Laura SpearsInterview by Mimi Feingold re the Movement, repression, and arrests in Clinton, LA. 23min Transcript
Ron Bridgeforth We Were Not Alone Narrative. 2022. 9min
Joseph Carter Interview by Mimi Real, 1967. Arrested for trying to register to vote in Louisiana. 47min. Transcript
Arlene Dunn Interview, re Arkansas SNCC and anti-racism work with whites in the North with PAR, by Karlyn Foner, 2010. 49min. Transcript
Bruce Hartford Interview by Will Griffin Southern Oral History Project, 2010. 52min
Robert Hicks Interview by Mimi Feingold Real, 1967. Re Bogalusa LA Movement. 10min. Transcript
Hattie Hill (17) Interview by Mimi Feingold Real, 1967. Re Bogalusa LA Movement. 26min. Transcript
Ellis Howard Interview by Mimi Feingold re Jonesboro LA. 53min. Transcript
Elmo Jacobs Interview by Mimi Feingold re Jonesboro LA. 5min. Transcript
Frederick Douglas Lewis Interview by Mimi Feingold re voting rights and the Movement Claiborne Parish, LA. 24min. Transcript
Annie Johnson Interview by Mimi Feingold re Jonesboro LA. 11min. Transcript
Joseph Lee Marlbough Interview by Mimi Feingold re ASCS elections & economic justice in Greensburg, LA. 7min. Transcript
Liberty MSFreedom Movement Meeting, Led by Smiley Proff. 65min. Transcript
Madison Parish LAConversation about the Freedom Movement, 1965 10min. Transcript
Alan McSurley Oral-History Interview by Andy Horowitz, Southern Oral History Program, 2002. 47min. Transcript
John C. Morris Interview re the movement in Batesville by Cheryl Johnson. 23min. Transcript
Wallace Roberts Interview re Freedom Summer & SNCC. By Orion Teal (SOHP). 2010. 45min. Transcript
Carol Rogoff Interview re SNCC, Mississippi, E.W. Steptoe. By Orion Teal (SOHP). 2010. 84min. Transcript
Modjeska Simkins   Oral-History by Jacquelyn Hall (SOHP), re NAACP and the Movement in South Carolina, 345min. Transcript
E.W. SteptoeDescription of violence and murder of Herbert Lee in Amite Co. MS. 121min. Transcript
Nancy Stoller Interview by David Cline re SNCC, 2010. 102min. Transcript
Talullah, LAGroup Interview, 1965 or 1966. 41min. Transcript
A.Z. Young Interview by Mimi Feingold Real re Bogalusa LA Movement. 1967. 20min.



Voices of the 1965 Voting Rights Fight, panel discussion by Bay Area Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement. 2015. 95min. Transcript.


SCLC/SCOPE 50th Reunion, Atlanta GA, October 1-4 2015

Thursday, October 1 Opening Reception & Welcome — John Reynolds, SCLC. 15min

Friday, October 2

Veterans Roll Call, SCLC & SCOPE members. 42min
Keynote Address, Bernard Lafayette, SCLC. 36min
Remarks, Dr. Charles Steele, SCLC. 7min

Group Discussions, Freedom Movement Veterans ~ Morning
Alabama activists #1. 82min
Alabama activists #2. 83min
Georgia activists. 82min
North Carolina & Virginia activists. 78min
South Carolina activists #1. 73min
South Carolina activists #2. 66min
SCLC Atlanta staff. 82min

Group Discussions, Freedom Movement Veterans ~ Afternoon
Georgia activists continued. 64min
South Carolina activists continued. 101min
SCLC Atlanta staff continued. 107min
Crenshaw County AL activists. 48min
Women in the Freedom Movement. 84min
Evaluating our Work in the Freedom Movement. 70min
Nonviolence: How Can it be Used Today?. 101min

Hosea Williams Tribute Banquet ~ Friday Evening
Welcome & Tribute, John Reynolds, Barbara Williams Emerson, & others. 18min
Tribute continued, Barbara Emerson, John Reynolds, & many others. 90min

Saturday, October 3

Morning Panels
SCLC Leadership Panel, John Reynolds, Richard Smiley, Bruce Hartford. 70min
SCOPE legacy Panel, Maria Gitin, Jo Freeman. 42min

General Group Discussions, Freedom Movement veterans ~ Saturday Afternoon
Affect of the Movement. 76min
Successes & Challenges & Where Do We Go From Here. 61min
Challenges & Successes. 26min
Impact of the Movement on Our Lives. 67min
Impact of the Freedom Movement. 77min
SCLC & SCOPE Challenges & Successes. 68min

Sunday, October 5 Mass Meeting & Non-Denominational Service 78min


Mississippi Oral Histories

Raw, unedited audio recordings conducted by Owen Brooks of Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Inc. from 2004 through 2007.

Doug Anderson 2006.
James Anderson 2004.
Ruben Anderson 2006.
Louis Armstrong 2006.
Nancy Bartow 2005.
Willie Blue 2006.
Harry Bowie 2004.
Clint Collier 2005.
MacArthur Cotton 2006.
L.C. Dorsey 2006.
Frank Figgers 2005.
Marilyn Lowen 2005.
Brenda Travis 2007.
Jimmy Travis 2006.


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