Our Thoughts

This section is where Movement veterans publish retrospectives, analyses, and opinions related to the Freedom Movement and all that came after. It is open to any veteran of the Southern Freedom Movement during the years 1951-1968 who is listed in the Veterans Roll Call. (See The Southern Freedom Movement for articles written by Movement veterans at the time the Movement was taking place.)

Submissions Policy

Memories of JulianJudy Richardson
Julian Bond Neither Gone Nor ForgottenTim Jenkins
Ghettos, Segregation, & Poverty in the 1960sBruce Hartford
A Long Hot Summer Ahead?Maria Gitin
What Would it Look Like? If You Had Criminal & Civil JusticeMichael Wright
The Historical Context of Voting RightsBruce Hartford
Letter of Appreciation to the Widow and Family of Claude Sitton ...Tim Jenkins
Nonviolence & Hypocrisy of U.S. Promoting Democracy AbroadC.T. Vivian
Selma to Montgomery: But What About SNCC?Junius Williams
From Hawai'i to SelmaMarsha Rose Joyner
The Way We Were: The SNCC Teenagers Who Changed America  Judy Richardson
Call to Selma, a Review From the Bridge"Arkansas" Benston
Evaluating the Southern Freedom MovementGene Turitz
Anniversary of the February 1st, 1960 Sit-insCasey Hayden
Selma the Movie: Thoughts & Comments by Freedom Movement Veterans
    Ira Grupper: Some Say it Distorts and is Biased, But Selma Must Be Seen.
    Bruce Hartford:   They Got the Heart Right.
    Don Jelinek: Selma the Movie.
    Marsha Joyner: Selma a 2014 American Historical Epic Drama Movie.
    John Lewis: John Lewis tells his truth about Selma.
    Danny Lyon: A SNCC Photographer Reviews Selma
    Daphne Muse: Initial Ten Responses to Selma.
    Diane Nash: LBJ Doesn't Deserve Credit for Selma.
    Dennis Roberts: What did I think when I wasn't weeping?
Celebrate the Life of Dr. Martin Luther King Joseph Ruggerio


What Did You Learn in School Today?Mark Levy
My Parents Said Yes!Chude Allen
Letter to the Family of Charles SherrodCourtland Cox
Getting Past the Grand JurySNCC Legacy Project
Changing the Culture of Blue-BigotryBruce Hartford
Reading "Ferguson" in Faulkner's Intruder in the DustPeter de Lissovoy
Reflections from Bob Moses ... On the Passing of John DoarBob Moses
Wilcox Co. Churches: Sanctuaries & Action Centers in the CRM  Maria Gitin
The Meaning of "Radical"Bruce Hartford
As Mississippi Moves on, a New Struggle ArisesRon Carver
Fannie Lou Hamer & the Democratic PartyMarsha Rose Joyner
Mississippi Movement Set Example for Female LeadersJoyce Ladner
The Missing WordBruce Hartford
The Mississippi Summer Project 50th Anniversary Notes ...Mike Miller
Why I Am Proud of the 1964 Civil Rights ActThomas Armstrong
Address to Freedom Summer 50th CommemorationJulian Bond
In the Mississippi River: Heroes and Sheroes:Judy Richardson
An Epitaph That Keeps GivingTim Jenkins
Union Organizing: Lessons From SNCC WorkLarry Rubin
Remembering John Perdew (1942-2014)Sam Mahone
Wiping Away the TearsHeather Gray
The MFDP: 50 years Later a Time for EvaluationMike Miller
Courage Was the KeyBruce Hartford

My Homage to Mandela's LifeL. Zapata
Thoughts on the Passing of Nelson MandelaHunter Bear
African American Women and Jewish Women ...   Yvonne Hilton
Harassment Didn't Stop Civil Rights WorkCorinne Barnwell
A Memory from ... when Viola Liuzzo Was Murdered  Peter de Lissovoy
Memories of the MarchFatima Cortez
Aug. 28, 1963 Was a Day of Joy, Anger and HopeJoyce Ladner
Homily for the Jonathan Daniel PilgrimageGloria House
Reaction to Supreme Court Overturning VRAMaria Gitin
Supporting SNCCNeal Hurwitz
Leo Branton: A Sterling Brown Kind of Strong ManDaphne Muse
Fifty Years: Remembering Medgar EversHunter Bear
Food for ThoughtMaria Gitin
Voting Rights Act: Friend of the Court BriefVMCRM
The Roots of PovertyBruce Hartford
When MLK Thrilled L.A. — and MeEllen Broms
Our Week with Rosa Parks...Daphne Muse

On Being a Militant and Radical Organizer...Hunter Gray
Living With Others: Challenges and PromisesBob Zellner
Lawrence Guyot's ThoughtsLawrence Guyot
Political Animals Likely to Confuse History of the CRM  Diane Nash
Thoughts on Port HuronBob Zellner
Quilt Story: Black Rural Women, White Urban ...Linda Beckman


The Intolerable BurdenConnie Curry
The Dark and Poor Must Join OWS!Curtis Muhammad
Another Account of the Second Freedom SummerJo Freeman
Schools to Prison Pipeline, Today's Civil Rights IssueConnie Curry
Fred Shuttlesworth: Civil Rights LionCharlie Cobb
Doing the Right ThingRobert & Helen Singleton
You Came Here to Die, Didn't You?Jo Freeman
My Country, My Mother, and MeHelen Singleton
The People's Revolution Does Not Seek to Lead Nations  Curtis Muhammad
Thoughts on The Help Book & Movie
   Joyce LadnerNo thanks Kathryn Stockett, I don't want to be "The Help"
   Casey HaydenThe Help the Movie
   Ruby SalesThe Help
   Theresa El-Amin  The Help
   Penny PatchThe Help


Freedom is not Free: The Meridian Movement of the Mid-60sSmith & Morse
I Owe a Debt of Gratitude to the Civil Rights Movement  Daphne Muse
Clyde KennardRon Hollander
Statement on Mississippi Freedom Ride 50th ...  [Group]
SNCC at 50Charlie Cobb
In the Attics of My MindCasey Hayden
SNCC & Today's Education StruggleBruce Hartford
Review of The Great Pool Jump: & Other Stories ... SW Georgia  Stephen Saltonstall
SNCC, Fifty Years LaterMarian Wright Edelman
SNCC's LegacyCurtis Muhammad
Letter to Young RadicalsCurtis Muhammad  


Generational Narrative by a Black Woman on ... Senator Edward Kennedy  Ruby Sales


Long Time Coming (Election of Obama)Wally Roberts
21 Months (Election of Obama)Helen Singleton
Activists and ActivismBruce Hartford
That Darned "Why did you..." QuestionBruce Hartford
"Atlantic City Revisited" — Mondale & "The Movement"  Mike Miller
The Importance of SNCC (A Discussion)[Movement Veterans]  


Leadership: Freedom Movement vs New Left  Bruce Hartford
SNCC, Black Power & Black NationalismMike Miller


Why Struggle? Why Care?Chude Allen
The FBI's Mississippi MyopiaRon Carver
Veterans Statement, "Eyes on the Prize"[Movement Veterans]
Adopt A Racist Boor For MLK DayBenjamin Greenberg
Georgia's Fraudulent Anti-Fraud Legislation  Julian Bond
Against DiscouragementHoward Zinn


Bona Fide Community Organizing: Core Dimensions  Hunter Bear
Religion and the 2004 ElectionSales & Hartford
Chaney, Schwerner, Goodman 40th Memorial

   Donna Ladd: Jackson Free Press: I Felt the Earth Move

   Jim Benston: Letter from "Arkansas" (AKA "Strider")

   Ira Grupper:The 40th Neshoba Memorial

   David Kendall:Statement of David Kendall

   David Kotz:Statement of David Kotz

   Wallace Roberts: Highways to Nowhere

   Alan Schiffmann:Statement of Alan Schiffmann

   Andrew Sheldon: Statement of Andrew Sheldon

   Ira Grupper: Problems With the 40th Neshoba Memorial

   Jared Story: Misrepresentation and Mischaracterization


A Black Man Fights the Draft  Michael Simmons  
Say These Words With MeMoses & Ladd  


Justice for Jamil (H. Rap Brown)  [Movement Veterans]


My Reflections of Years Gone By  Charles Person


Conflicting Memories of the ... Albany Movement  Joan Browning
Review of Walking With the WindMike Miller
Renewing the Beloved CommunityMike Miller
What the Civil Rights Movement ProvedHoward Zinn, 1994
On Time in Mississippi, 1964-1994Elizabeth "Betita" Martinez, 1994
Beloved Community, Mississippi Revisited  Susan Moon, 1994
Mississippi Stories I & IIBell Gale Chivigny, 1994
Mississippi Movement Memories, Mike Miller, 1991
A Pebble Thrown into the PondGlenn Smiley, FOR
Those Who Were Not There:
the Cold War Against the Civil Rights Movement
Anne Braden, 1989
Mississippi BurningJudy Richardson, 1989
SNCC: How They StoodMartha Prescod, 1988
Mississippi SmolderingJim Kates, 1988

See also:

History & Timeline: 1951-1968 — Descriptions of Movement events.
Our Words — Articles & speeches by Movement veterans written at the time.
Letters & Reports From the Field — By Movement veterans.
Documents — Movement publications, reports, materials, strategy, etc.
Photo Album — Movement photos, posters, etc.
Our Stories — Memories, narratives & interviews of Movement veterans.
Our Thoughts — Analyses and commentaries by Movement veterans.
Discussions — Transcripts of group discussions by veterans.

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