Civil Rights Movement Archive
Annual Report for the Year 2022

January 1, 2023


2022 Milestones

CRMA-Duke University Agreement

This Civil Rights Movement Archive (CRMA) and the John Hope Franklin Research Center (JHFRC) at Duke University signed an agreement for JHFRC to assume stewardship over the CRMA archive when we are no longer able to continue building and managing it. JHFRC will preserve and sustain the CRMA into the future and has committed to maintaining it as a free online source of Freedom Movement materials and information that is open to all with no paywall, commercial advertising, login-requirements, or subscription. They will continue the archive's work of documenting the Civil Rights Movement from our up-from-the-bottom and inside-out perspectives and viewpoints. For the time being, we will continue to fund the work out of our own pockets and from individual donations while JHFRC and Duke Libraries provides technical support, backup, and other forms of assistance.

New CRMA Video Channel

Thanks to two large gifts totaling $25,000, we've begun building a CRMA Video Channel on the Vimeo platform for videos created by Freedom Movement veterans (or their immediate families) and works created by others that are substantially about Movement veterans and reflect our up-from-the-bottom viewpoint. As of today, our channel contains 108 Freedom Movement videos ranging from short commentaries to feature-length documentaries. Our plan is to continuing expanding the channel in 2023. When you visit the channel, please consider adding yourself as a "follower" for social-media metrics.

Improved Search Capability

This year we revamped and enhanced our site's SEARCH feature. In addition to being easier to use, it now includes image searches.

New Web Server

This year we upgraded our webserver to a faster, more capable (and more expensive) system.


Website Traffic

According to Google, there were 279,103 visits to our site in 2022 for an average of 765 per day. This represents a 16% decline from last year when many schools were still closed by the pandemic. A "visit" is someone coming to the site and viewing one or more pages. If someone comes a second time, that's counted as a second visit. Roughly 83% of our visitors came from the the U.S, 17% from other nations.

[Annual visits graph]

As you can see from our previous annual reports, it's normal for our website traffic to rise and fall with the school calendar as grade school and college students use us for homework, reports, research, and so on. Our busiest months are usually January (MLK Day), February (Black History Month), and April & May (term papers due). As with 2021, in 2022 that pattern was somewhat distorted by school closures & remote learning. Still, Covid or no Covid, the pattern makes it clear that the majority of our visitors continue to be students.

[Monthly visits graph]
Month 2022 


Preliminary 2022 Financial Report

Our Civil Rights Movement Archive receivies no grants or funding from foundations, other institutions, or wealthy philanthropists. Almost all of the donations we receive are small amounts — averaging around $30 each — most of which are from Freedom Movement veterans themselves. We use those donations to pay for web services, transcriptions, original documents, technical enhancements, and data-entry help.

In 2022 we did receive two large gifts totalling $25,000, one from the estate of a Freedom Movement veteran and the other from a friend of the Movement. We are using those funds to create our new CRMA Vimeo Channel on the Vimeo platform.

The preliminary financial summary below reports only our donation income and the total expenses paid from those donations, it does not include our volunteer-labor or the out-of-pocket and in-kind expenses that we cover ourselves.


Note that this preliminary financial summary has not yet been reviewed, reconciled, or certified by the CRMA Treasurer.


Website Content

More than 800 new photos, documents, stories, articles, commentaries, discussions, and other resources were acquired and posted to the CRMA website in 2022. We now provide over 8768 searchable webpages, documents, and images, plus 108 videos in our Vimeo-based video channel.

Some Rough Content Counts:

683  Movement Veterans listed on Roll Call (names, testimony, contact info)
2000+  Movement photos & art images
108  Videos on the CRMA Vimeo Channel
894  Stories, narratives, & oral histories by Movement activists
5092  Original Freedom Movement documents
1251  Original field reports & letters by Movement participants
538  Original articles & speeches by Movement activists
289  History & Timeline Articles
331  Commentaries by Movement participants
71  Transcribed discussions of Movement veterans
234  Movement-Related Poems
706   Freedom Movement books listed in the Bibliography
1558  Web Links, to other Movement websites & pages

CRMA Video Channel on the Vimeo platform currently contains 108 videos organized into 13 collections ("Showcases" in Vimeo parlance):

  1. Documentary Films Collection, 9 professionally created films.

  2. Our Voices Collection, 13 individually created videos.

  3. The Freedom Movement Stories We Always Wanted to Tell Collection, 3 short stories by many veterans.

  4. SNCC 60th Conference Collection October 2021, 11 videos.

  5. Mississippi Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Reunion & Conference Collection, June 2014, 14 videos.

  6. Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement Oral History Project Collection, 6 interviews.

  7. Charles Bonner Collection, 6 videos created by a SNCC veteran.

  8. Julian Bond Video Collection, 15 interviews by Gregg Ivers (American Univ),

  9. Voices Across the Color Line Collection, 17 Atlanta History Center interviews.

  10. Voices of Freedom ~ Virginia, 4 interviews related to the Movement in Virginia.

  11. Oral History Collection, 7 interviews by the Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza, Dallas TX.

  12. Movement Veterans Interviewed by Students Collection, 9 interviews.

  13. Questions From Teachers Collection, 2 discussions hosted by U.C. Berkeley.

Most Visited Website Sections:

SectionVisits (rounded)
1. Articles & Speeches  96,000
2. Documents74,000
3. History & Timeline69,000
4. Photo Album63,000
5. Poems31,000
6. Frequently Asked Questions26,000
7. Our Stories23,000
8. Veterans Roll Call23,000
9. Freedom Rides and Riders11,000
10. In Our Memories They Live Forever8,000

Most Viewed Photo Album Pages:

1. Posters
2. The Sit-Ins — Off Campus and Into Movement
3. The Freedom Rides
4. The Freedom Movement in Art
5. Mississippi Freedom Summer — 1964
6. The Children's Crusade Birmingham — 1963
7. They Say That Freedom Is a Constant Struggle
8. The March to Montgomery
9. Selma, Lord, Selma
10. Young People Lead the Way

Most Viewed Original Freedom Movement Documents:

[Note that the vast majority of our original Movement documents are in PDF format, but Google does not provide statistics for PDF files. So take this list with a big grain of salt because none of our PDF scans are included in the count.]

1. The Other America, Martin Luther King, 1967
2. Bigger Than a Hamburger, Ella Baker, 1961
3. Montgomery Bus Boycott Leaflet, 1955
4. An Appeal for Human Rights, Atlanta students, 1961
5. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Founding Statement, 1960
6. Birmingham Manifesto, 1963
7. I'm Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired, Fannie Lou Hamer, 1964
8. Civil Rights Act of 1966, 1966
9. School Desegregation Workshop Notes, Rosa Parks, 1955
10. Economic Bill of Rights, Martin Luther King & SCLC, 1968
11. The Basis of Black Power, SNCC Atlanta project, 1966
12. Letter From Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, 1963
13. SNCC Position Paper: Women in the Movement, 1964
14. My Mother is Proud Her Daughter is in Jail, 1961
15. Speech to Anti-Vietnam War Protest, Martin Luther King, 1967
16. Flyers From the Selma Voting Rights Campaign, 1965
17. Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence, Martin Luther King, 1967
18. A Kind of Memo, Casey Hayden & Mary King, 1965
19. Alabama police field interrogation cards, c1965
20. Minutes, Montgomery NAACP, Rosa Parks, 1955
21. SNCC Statement on Vietnam, 1966
22. Demands of the Chicago Freedom Movement, 1966
22. Testimony of Fannie Lou Hamer, Democratic Convention, 1964
23. I Don't Mind My Light Shining, Fannie Lou Hamer, 1963
24. The Palestine Problem: Test Your Knowledger, SNCC 1967
25. Report on Project to Desegregate Sand Springs OK Public Schools, James Russell, 1964

Most Read Stories & Interviews:

1. Ella BakerOral History/Interview (1968)
2. McCain & KhazanInterview re Greensboro NC Sit-In (1979)
3. A.Z. YoungInterview (1967)
4. James GarrettFrom the Streets of L.A. (2018)
5. Diane NashInterview for Eyes on the Prize (1985)/td>
6. Fanie Lou HamerInterview: Life in Mississippi (1965)
7. Frankye A JohnsonDaughter of a Sharecropper—Interview (2012)
8. Charles SimsArmed Defense (Bogalusa, LA) (1965)
9. Peter de LissovoyHunger Strike, Albany GA, 1963 (2013)
10. UnnamedMama, I Got to Do It, I Got To (1963)

Most Read Articles and Speeches:

1. Are You Qualified to Vote? (literacy tests)
  a. Alabama Voter Literacy Test
  b. Louisiana Voter Application and Literacy Tests
  c. Voter Registration: How it Worked in Alabama
  d. Alabama Voter Application Form
  e. Mississippi Voter Application & Literacy Test
  f. Alabama Voter Literacy Test: Parts "B" and "C"
  g. Voter Registration: How it Worked in Georgia
2. Example Segregation Laws (1950s-60s)
3. Nonviolent Training
4. We Charge Genocide: Crime of Government Against the Negro People (1951)
5. The Power of Freedom Songs
6. Original Draft of John Lewis' Speech to the March on Washington (1963)
7. Nonviolent Resistance as Practiced in the Civil Rights Movement
8. Grenada Mississippi – Chronology of a Movement (1966)
9. Voting Rights History: Two Centuries of Struggle, 4th Edition
10. St. Augustine Movement Articles

Most Read History & Timeline Pages:

1. The Year 1960 — (Student Sit-ins, SNCC Founded, New Orleans Schools, etc)
2. The Year 1961 — (Freedom Rides, Albany Movement, McComb MS, Baton Rouge, etc)
3. 1963: January-June — (Birmingham, Greenwood, North Carolina, Medgar Evers, etc)
4 1963: July-December — (March on Washington, St. Augustine, etc)
5. The Year 1955 — (Montgomery Bus Boycott, Emmett Till, Baltimore Sit-Ins, etc)
6. The Year 1951 — (Building Brown cases, Student Strike Moton High, Murder of the Moores)
7. 1965: Selma & the March to Montgomery
8. The Year 1954 — (Brown v Board of Education & Massive Resistance, etc)
9. The Year 1956 — (Attack on NAACP, protests & boycotts)
10. 1966: January-June — (Lowndes Co., Meredith March, Murder of Sammy Young)

Most Read Commentaries by Movement Veterans:

1. Ghettos, Segregation, & Poverty in the 1960s, Bruce Hartford, 2015
2. The Civil Rights Movement Did Not Fail Bruce Hartford, 2022
3. Jane Stembridge — A SNCC Origin Story Maria Varela, 2021
4. In the Attics of My Mind, Casey Hayden, 2010
5. Selma the Movie Ira Grupper, 2015
6. A Black Man Fights the Draft, Michael Simmons, 2003
7. Dear friend statement, Diane Nash, 2016
8. The Bogalusa Lesson, Bruce Hartford, 2020
9. Courage Was the Key, Bruce Hartford, 2014
10. Quilt Story: Black Rural Women, White Entrepreneurs, and the American Dream, Linda Hunt Beckman

Submitted January 1, 2023
Bruce Hartford, CRMA webspinner

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