The Children's Crusade
Birmingham — 1963

[© Bob Adelman]


  We shall not,
  we shall not be moved

[UPI Photo]


Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth leading marchers in prayer just before they are arrested in early April.

[© Vernon Merrit III]


James Bevel. SCLC direct action organizer and leader.

[Birmingham Civil Rights Institute photo]


16th Street Baptist Church — Movement Headquarters.
(Birmingham Civil Rights Institute photo.)

Dr. King and Rev. Abernathy under arrest on Good Friday, 1963.

[AP photo]

[National Archives photo]


Letter From a Birmingham Jail

The Young Students of Birmingham Rally to the Cause

[AP photo]


Dorothy Bell, 19, sitting-in at a Birmingham lunch counter, April 1963. She is arrested shortly after this photo is taken.

[Birmingham Civil Rights Institute photo]


Thousands of men, women, boys, and girls, are arrested for violating Birmingham's segregation laws.
(Birmingham Civil Rights Institute photo.)

[© Birmingham News]


Free speech, Birmingham style — Hold a sign, go to jail.

[© Birmingham News]


[© Birmingham News]


Rythmn & Blues singer Al Hibbler and students stopped by cops for picketing near Trailways bus station.

[© Birmingham News]


Parker High student Mattie Howard under arrest.

[AP photo]


Young nonviolent warriors on their way to jail.

[Wide World Photo]


With the jails full, student protesters are incarcerated in buildings at the county fair grounds and "Bull" Connor switches tactics from arrest to violence.

[© Bill Hudson]

Police dogs attack nonviolent marcher.

[Photographer unknown]


On the orders of Bull Connor, high-pressure firehoses are used against young demonstrators.

But Birmingham high-school students won't stop marching, and won't be turned around, May, 1963
[Wide World Photo]
[Photographer unknown]

[© Gary Haynes]


"I was really, really involved. I didn't realize at the time how dangerous the situation was. The only thing I was concerned with was that I wanted my freedom, I wanted to be able to go where I wanted, like everyone else did."

 — Dannela Bryant, Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History

The courage of the children inspires their elders.
[© Matt Herron]


Mass meeting, Bethel Baptist Church, 1963.

[Photographer Unknown]

But other children are being taught other lessons...

[© Ken Thompson]


In the Deep South, the KKK operates openly with the support of police and politicians. Parents bring their children to public Klan rallies to teach another generation the lessons of hate and bigotry.


September 15, 1963

Seventeen days after the March on Washington the Klan Strikes Back

[photographer unknown]

[photographer unknown]

Addie Mae Collins (14)
Cynthia Wesley (14)
Carole Robertson (14)
Denise McNair (11)

[© Matt Herron]

[© Danny Lyon]
Heavily armed Alabama State Troopers make a show of force near the [16th Street Baptist] church.

[© Matt Herron]

[© John Kouns]


Dorie Ladner of SNCC at the funeral of the murdered children.

[Photographer unknown]




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(Labor donated)