Eddie Charles Brown, Jr.
(1941 — 2011)

Resolution Honoring Ed Brown ~ Veterans of Mississippi Civil Rights Movement

Honoring the Life of Mr. Eddie Charles Brown Jr. ~ Hon. Bennie Thompson (Congressional Record)


As remembered by Valinda Brown
November 26, 2011

"Fighting Fire with a Feather"
Ed Brown

"His devotion, eloquence and generosity of spirit has ennobled and adorned the movement in our time. Because of his quiet self-confidence and humility he never sought publicity but thousands, especially poor folk, here and on the Continent have had their lives vastly improved by Ed's effectiveness and compassion. He is truly one of the great un-sung heroes of our generation. We shall not soon see his like again." ~ Ekwueme Michael Thelwell

Eddie Charles Brown, Jr., a great-souled human being committed to fighting the oppression of all people from Mississippi to South Africa, died at his home on November 23, 2011. In political circles, Ed was respected for his enduring commitment to our people. As a consequence of his tireless devotion to, and success in advancing the culture and economic progress of poor black folk, Ed Brown was widely recognized as among the most, incorruptible, responsible, resourceful and effective of the activist leaders of the Movement. As his SNCC colleagues said of him, "More than most, Ed's life embodies and exemplifies to a remarkable degree, the principle of undying love for our people both here and in the Motherland. "

Although the consummate organizer and community activist in matters of the aesthetics of black musical culture and the southern oral tradition, Ed had the soul of an poet and the eloquence of a griot. Similarly, his great sensitivity to African cultures is reflected in the quality of the extraordinary collection of traditional African religious art, which he and his wife Valinda have painstakingly gathered over many years.

A year prior to his passing Ed gave his Shahada (acceptance of Islam) to his younger brother the Imam Jamil Al-Amin (formerly known as H. Rap Brown) to whom Ed's observable devotion, loyalty and commitment was widely seen as an unconditional and admirable example of brotherly love. The janaza (last rites) were held November 24, 2011 at the West End Community Mosque in Atlanta, Georgia.

A native of Louisiana, Ed was born, on August 19, 1941, in New Orleans and raised in Baton Rouge to Thelma Warren and Eddie Charles Brown, Sr. Ed's historical efforts to fight segregation and all forms of oppression as well as to empower Black people started in 1960 as young student at Louisiana's Southern University. He and 16 other classmates confronted the University and staged a sit-in protesting the racial segregation prevalent in Louisiana at the time. After he and the others were arrested, expelled and banned from enrolling in any university in Louisiana Ed began the ongoing struggle for justice, which would define his entire life. This expulsion led Ed to Howard University in Washington, D.C. in 1961, where he landed on the front line of the Civil Rights Movement. As a leader and organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) he fought to win constitutional rights for Blacks and all disenfranchised people. Ed always proclaimed that he was "fighting fire with a feather," but he knew he would prevail because he often said ironically, he was protected by "asbestos gloves."

A Life of Service

As will be seen from the details which follow, in a busy and active life, Ed never held a job not directly concerned with human advancement. Highly regarded in white political and philanthropic circles for a selfless incorruptibility, Ed bridged the gap between both communities and was able to direct very significant financial resources into poor black communities. The three abiding concerns of his professional life here and in Africa can be seen to have been: democratic political liberation, economic empowerment and the celebration and enhancement of our cultures. By Ed's efforts a great many thousands of people have had their lives significantly improved.

Among fellow workers, he is remembered for his uncommon diplomatic skill, personal charm and political tact. Kalamu ya Salaam who served with him on the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage commission recalls, "What I most remember is that the respect he commanded coupled with a delightful sense of humor enabled him to soothe the most outrageous egos, resolve conflicts and bring apparently irreconcilable warring factions together."

As a staffer at the Citizen's Crusade Against Poverty in Washington, D.C., in 1965, Ed developed information networks among community-based organizations to support anti-poverty legislation. In 1967, he organized efforts to improve the political and economic conditions of Blacks in the Mississippi Delta as the Executive Director and founder of the Mississippi Action for Community Education (MACE) and The Delta Foundation in Greenville, Mississippi. At MACE, he developed community-based enterprises producing Fine Vines blue jeans and establishing catfish farms in the Delta. In 1974, Ed raised funds and helped organize the Sixth Pan African Congress held at the University of Tanzania at Dar-es-Salaam's Nkrumah Hall with delegates representing 52 independent states and/or liberation movements in Africa, the Caribbean and other people of African descent.

As Executive Director of the New Orleans Area Development Project in 1976, Ed organized advocacy groups to work for reform by organizing communities to fight police brutality and creating parent-teacher committees for education reform. Ed went on to serve as President and CEO of the Southern Agriculture Corporation in the 1980s where he worked to organize and gain capital funding for small Black southern farmers. In the 1990s as Executive Director of the Voter Education Project in Atlanta, Ed continued his tireless efforts to register Blacks and poor people to vote and to fight legislation restricting poor and disenfranchised people of all color from voting.

From the 1990s through 2006, Ed took his "asbestos gloves" to nations outside the United States. As a senior consultant to the National Democratic Institute, Ed designed and implemented civic and voter education programs to prepare for national elections in Ethiopia, Namibia, Zambia, Nigeria, and Zimbabwe. He was especially involved in the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa which resulted in the freeing of Nelson Mandela. As an international election observer for The Jimmy Carter Center, Ed worked in Ghana, Zambia and The Dominican Republic. As a human rights activist in corporate board rooms, Ed served on the World Council of Churches and Emergency Fund for Southern Africa raising funds for humanitarian relief; at the Center for National Security Studies monitoring American defense policies and budgets; and with the American Friends Service Committee, U.S. Department of Agriculture Citizens Advisory Committee Equal Opportunity and Atlanta Council for International Cooperation. He also consulted with the Asian Council of Churches and participated in the Consultation of Minority Peoples of Japan in Tokyo.

In addition to his international work during this time, from 1994 until 2003, Ed moved into the arena of municipal and city planning as southeastern marketing director for Sidney B. Bowne Engineering. He served as the strategic planner developing relationships between the company and city and state officials in the company's negotiation and establishment of Geography Information Systems. He worked on transition teams for the mayors of Macon and Albany, Georgia, in 2003 as a consultant with ABC Management where he evaluated and recommended management of staff for city departments and developed strategic plans for incoming mayoral administrations.

Ed developed an early appreciation and love of art while studying at Howard University under Professor Sterling Brown. He became especially interested in the history of African art and cultures. During his later journeys throughout the continent, he began collecting African sculptures and masks which he and his wife, Valinda, expanded with African and African-American art. Ed became a co-owner of Boston's Harris/Brown Art Gallery, which exhibited major African-American artists. He is widely known for furthering dialogue regarding the importance of nurturing artists of African-American and African descent. As a board member of the High Museum of Art, he was especially proud of being instrumental in helping to establish the annual David Driskell Young Artist Award. He also served on the board of the Atlanta Photography Group where he chaired the Youth Education Program and as chairman of the Funding Committee of the Academy Theater. Ed's many years of advocating the ascension of African-American artists has resulted in their inclusion in successful exhibitions at various art venues.

Ed's love and dedication to Black culture embraced music of all kind. He established and promoted the Mississippi Delta Blues Festival while at MACE. He especially enjoyed jazz and gospel and he and his wife made annual pilgrimages to New Orleans for the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival. But Ed's most enjoyable times at his home with Valinda were preparing deliciously wonderful New Orleans cuisines and sharing those absolutely satisfying meals with friends and family who prized the opportunity to get a cup of Ed's Gumbo. Ed was a master New Orleans chef who was admired deliciously for his seafood, duck, or pheasant gumbos, and quail in rich brown sauce, and turtle soup with sherry and crawfish bisque and fried catfish and spinach shrimp dressing and sweet potato pone. His demonstrations of affection for food and sharing led to his wife's publication of a loving cookbook. Ed was an elaborate storyteller, so with each meal came colorful adventures with Ed Brown. Ed was a passionate historian of African culture and he accumulated a large library of African history. He spent many rewarding years studying Yoruba culture. During the 1970s with an extended stay in Nigeria, following an elaborate ritual that included him running alongside camels with a net over his head, Ed was initiated into the ruling Ogboni Society of Yoruba manhood.

Ed is survived by his loving wife, Valinda; three sons, Michael Johnson, Kevin George and Keith George; two sisters, Pat Brown Leak (Alex) and Cheryl Brown Hill (Donald); brothers Jamil Al-Amin (Karima) and Lance Brown (Pat); grandchildren Alexis Johnson, Aliyah Johnson, Tyler Johnson, Kristin George, Christopher George, Brandon George and nieces, nephews, cousins and a host of other family and friends.

Valinda Brown (wife)


As remembered by Joanne Gavin
November 28, 2011

I am shocked and grieved to read if the loss of another of my "big brothers", Ed Brown.

In D.C. the trio of Stokely, Ed and C. Cox, though a decade younger than I, acted as big brothers that got me through many a difficult early Movement situation. I was a green kid, and they were there to help me grow up. And later on Ed guided me through other difficulties.

As to his artistic side, I sensed that early on. I persuaded him to accompany me to a New York City Ballet performance of A Midsummer Night's Dream in D.C., and the one comment of his that I remember was when after a particularly brilliant solo by Arthur Mitchell as "Puck", Ed commented that it "wasn't polite to applaud during a guy's solo".

What neither of us may have realized at the time was that Arthur Mitchell was the first Black principal dancer of a major ballet company, or that, following the assassination of MLK, he would go on to found The Dance Theater of Harlem.

Or maybe I knew the former and had used that to persuade Ed to take in the performance.




As remembered by Dr. Gwendolyn M. Patton
November 30, 2011

Ed's abiding love for his brother, Jamil, was so strong until we all in SNCC felt Ed's enduring love of protection. In memory of Ed, let's keep Jamil in our hearts and soul, and spread our arms of grateful love around Valinda.

Sisterly, Gwen Patton


As remembered by Courtland Cox
January 15, 2012

JANUARY 15, 2012<

I met Ed Brown in 1961. He had come to Howard University after being expelled from Southern University for engaging in sit-ins. He told me that President Felton Clark, Jr. called all the students who were engaged in the sit-ins to his office and told them that, "my daddy owned Southern University and he gave it to me and I will not let you students engaging in sit-ins destroy my University — you are expelled."

Ed was quite a bundle of energy. My version of how we met was I saw Ed at a meeting of the Non-Violent Action Group, a campus affiliate of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. He was dressed in long African robes, sunglasses, and he had on track shoes. He was quite an impressive site. Ed's version of how he met me was that he was passing by the card room in our dormitory and saw me playing cards — bid whist and dirty hearts. And he decided to talk to me and provided me instructions that if I followed him he would make me a civil rights leader.

While at Howard, Ed was one of the leaders of the Non-Violent Action Group, affectionately called NAG. The NAG's civil rights resume was quite impressive. NAG participated in demonstrations at the White House in support of the students in the sit-in movement, NAG picketed the Greyhound and Trailways bus stations in support of the students on the Freedom Rides, NAG also picketed and sat-in on Route 40 (the main route from Washington, DC to New York at that time) for the better part of eighteen months, it also carried its protest to end segregation in public accommodations to the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and the City of Baltimore.

Sometimes NAG had as many as 350 Howard students engaged in the demonstrations. Ed Brown and Stokely Carmichael were able to get a number of Howard students participating in the demonstrations because they promised the students a very good party after the demonstrations.

Ed and the Non-Violent Action Group did not neglect Washington, DC, the nation's capitol. NAG engaged in protests against inferior housing, schools, and public accommodations. NAG even demonstrated at Howard University when unions that were segregated were constructing some of the University's facilities.

I guess many of the audience are asking when did Ed and any of us have time to be students. The fact was we were some of the best students at Howard University. We were good students not only because we were able to master the subject materials, but also we were inquisitive about the world around us. And we did not ask why segregation and discrimination is happening to the black community, we kept asking ourselves why not change the circumstances of segregation and what was the best way of going about it.

We were certainly in a hurry to change the world. We felt that the world according to segregation had lasted long enough and we needed to have a world that allowed the African American community to develop and reach its full potential.

Ed and the members of NAG also made a profound impact on the intellectual life of Howard University. We created a speakers series called Project Awareness and invited people such as Malcolm X, Bayard Rustin, James Baldwin, Ossie Davis, Norman Thomas (head of the Socialist Party), Herman Kahn (a leading conservative theorist), and THE NOTED AUthor John Killens to discuss the issues of the day.

Ed was very close to the noted poet and intellectual Sterling Brown; they referred to each other at "cuz Brown." The relationship with Sterling Brown was extremely helpful to all of us at Howard University because Sterling Brown was able to share his love of the African American culture through the mediums of jazz, blues and poetry.

Sterling Brown had a profound effect on Ed. The influence of Sterling Brown can be seen throughout Ed's life as a lover and patron of the arts.

Ed was also a fun-loving person. Ed and I both lived at Slowe Hall dormitory and when a parent wanted to reach one of the students he/she would have to call a public pay phone in the dormitory and if the student was not in, a message would have to be given to the student by the person who took the phone call. Ed would sometimes tell a student that he had received from home. When the anxious student asked, "what was the message" Ed would say, "his parents said that the mule had gotten away and they needed him to come home and pull the plow." ED'S LAUGHTER ALWAYS FOLLOWED THE MESSAGE.

We will all miss Eddie Charles Brown. However, over the past fifty years that I have known Ed, he led a committed life and he made America a better place for all of us. He demonstrated his love and loyalty to his family and friends; he was courageous in the struggle against segregation; his writings allowed his intellectual capacity and curiosity to flourish; and his appreciation of music, art and cuisine he showed his love for life and beauty.

When I told a Charlie Cobb, a former howard student Howard and SNCC member of Ed's passing he said, "I never had a brother and if I had one I would want him to be Ed Brown."

Courtland Cox


As remembered by Heather Gray
October 13, 2018


While rare, occasionally, we are fortunate to encounter those in our life who are genuinely engaged in passionate and committed action for the betterment of the other and of the world overall. For me, Ed Brown (1941-2011) was one of those exceptional individuals. He was always there to stand and work for justice with unbelievable energy and dedication. I am thankful that I was fortunate to call him my friend and colleague in activism and service, be it demands for local, national or international justice. I worked with him through a range of issues from addressing injustice here in the United States to ending apartheid in South Africa.

Ed was the older brother of Jamil Al-Amin (AKA H. Rap Brown) and what a remarkable family they were and are. Believe it or not, we are actually blessed they were born and raised in racist Louisiana, in the southern part of the United States. This is because growing up they both experienced the horrors and history of Jim Crow white supremacy and its dreadful impact on the Black community which, in fact, strengthened the Brown brothers. The Louisiana experience led them to not only learn, but to act to change the world. These exceptional brothers, then, developed ideas and actions that should be taken to end this oppression and they were then engaged in unceasing activism and teaching us all as well.

Both brothers have served the United States and the world with their philosophy, wisdom and unrelenting commitment to working with and for the people. I cannot fathom a family and brothers such as this anywhere who have, without reservation, maintained this commitment. Yet, it is precisely this passion for justice and impressive organizing that prompted the US government, and its counter intelligence program (COINTELPRO), for one, to undermine Jamil Al-Amin, in particular, who has now been in prison for 18 years.

See Composite of Justice Initiative Articles on Jam Al_Amin for a list of articles about Jamil Al-Amin.

Please, as well, consider signing the Open Letter from Academics to the Federal Bureau of Prisons asking that the "gag" rule against Jamil be lifted. In all these years that Al-Amin has been in prison, the Federal Bureau of Prisons has not allowed academics and journalists to talk with him. Also, you do not have to be an academic to to sign the letter which has now been signed by academics and activists all over the world. Please consider joining them if you have not already done so.

When Ed passed in 2011, we lost a genuine torchbearer who inspired communities everywhere, yet he has also inspired us to continue the work.

Heather Gray
Justice Initiative

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