Before I'll Be a Slave
I'll Be Buried in My Grave

 

Cortland Cox, Phyllis Cunningham, and Worth Long at SNCC's Waveland conference, November 1964.

 

William Porter, Ralph Featherstone, Ella Baker, and Cynthia Washington at SNCC meeting. Waveland, MS, November, 1964

 

SNCC organizers (from left): Jim Forman, Cleveland Sellers, Ruby Doris Robinson, Stokely Carmichael. Probably 1966.

 

Mrs. Hamer addressing a support rally for the MFDP MFDP Congressional Challenge in Washington DC, September 1965.

 

Mississippi Freedom Labor Union, 1965

On strike. Shaw, MS.

 

 

Jackson MS Protests, 1965

 

Marvin Wilson, 11, leads workshop on nonviolent tactics in preparation for demonstrations in Jackson. Black students were the backbone of street demonstrations.

 

Jackson MS protesters caged and hauled off incarceration at the fair grounds, 1965

 

 

The Black Panther in Lowndes County, AL

 

Lowndes County freedom house and LCFO headquarters. From left to right, SNCC workers, unidentified, Michael (Oshoosi) Wright, and Jennifer Lawson.

 

Rush-hour in Lowndes County AL.
Stokely Carmichael of SNCC canvassing for voter registration.

 

 

Self-defense in Lowndes County.

 

Interior panel of brochure for the Lowndes County (Alabama) Freedom Organization (LCFO), Fall 1966, from the H.K. Yuen Archive, U.C. Berkeley.

SNCC's Stokely Carmichael working to build the Lowndes County
Freedom Organization (LCFO). 1965.

(Below) LCFO campaign flyers — 1966.


 

SNCC workers Jimmy Rogers (left), Ruby Sales, unidentified, and Gloria Larry at the murder trial of Tom Coleman for the assasination of Jonathan Daniels. September 1965.

 

Lining up to vote for LCFO candidates, November 1966

 

Julian Bond Denied Seat in GA Legislature January 1966

 

Julian Bond denied his seat in the Georgia legislature because he opposes the Vietnam War.

 

Break-away protesters try to force their way into Georgia legislature to protest refusal to seat Julian Bond.

 

Julian Bond finally takes his seat in the Assembly, January, 1967.

 

Tuskegee, 1966

 

Stokely Carmichael of SNCC handing out anti-Vietnam War flyers. Tuskegee, 1966

 

Protesting the killing of Sammy Younge, January, 1966. SNCC worker Michael Wright in foreground (with hat).

 

Greenville Air Force Base Occupation, January 1966

 


Vernon Dahmer home after KKK attack, January 1966

 

Meredith March Against Fear in Mississippi

 

James Meredith lies wounded on the pavement after being gunned down on the highway. 1966.

The Movement takes up the march to Jackson from the
spot where Meredith was gunned down.

 

El Fondren, 100+ years old and born a slave, after registering to vote for the first time in his life. Panola County courthouse in Batesville.

 

SNCC organizer Fannie Lou Hamer leading singing. SCLC field secretary Major Wright behind her.

Dr. King addresses one of the mass meeting voter registration rallies held each night of the
Meredith march (location and name of this church is not known).

 


The Meredith March approaches Canton MS.

 

 

March leaders prepare to set up the tent moments before Mississippi state troopers attach them.

 

Police and State Troopers attack the March in Canton with tear gas and billy clubs.

 

March leaders Martin Luther King, James Meredith, Floyd McKissick.


SCLC staff member Richard Smiley.

 

James Brown entertaining the marchers at Freedom Rally, Jackson, MS. 1966.

 

Marching out through the Tougaloo gate, headed for the Capitol.


Marchers enter Jackson
Rev. Ralph Abernathy (between the two women)
Floyd McKissick (2nd from right)

 

Marching through Jackson towards the state Capitol.

 

State Troopers armed with rifles guard the Capitol building and Confederate monument from "defilement" by Afro-American protesters.

 

Grenada, Mississippi, 1966

 

The Meredith March sparks the Grenada Movement which erupts into five straight months of daily marches and protests that confront KKK mobs and an army of state troopers.

 

 

SCLC organizer R.B. Cottonreader leads Grenada "Blackout" (boycott) pickets, 1966.

 

Mass rally on Grenada's central town square, 1966.

 

 

Night rally on the Grenada green in front of the Confederate Memorial.

 

Major Wright, SCLC

 

Barbara Williams, SCLC

 

 

 

Evelyn Goss (14) and her brother Doc Goss, arrested on freedom march in Grenada. 1966

 

 

 

 

Dr. King and Joan Baez address a mass meeting in Bellflower church at the time of the school crisis.

 

 

Dr. King escorting Eva Lemon (7), Aretha Willis (7) and unidentified boy home after Klan mob attacks school children. Behind King: Andy Young, unidentified, Joan Baez, Ira Sandperl, Hosea Wiliams, and J.T. Johnson (holding unidentified girl).

 

News photographer being beaten by KKK mob during attack on Black school children.

 

Black Power!

 

Greenwood MS, 1966, on the Meredith March. SNCC Chairman Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) calls for "Black Power."

Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) addresses Florida A&M students on Black Power. 1967.


Black Power at U.C. Berkeley 1966. On stage Ron Bridgeforth and Stokely Carmichael of SNCC, unidentified, James Bevel (SCLC) seated.

 

Marching From Bogalusa to Baton Rouge — 1967

On the march in Louisiana. Freedom marchers cross the Amite river on their way from Bogalusa to the state capitol in Baton Rouge. After repeated attacks by the KKK, the Governor is forced to provide National Guard and state troopers to protect the demonstrators on their 10-day march.

 

 

 

Hell No! We Won't Go!

 

Spring Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam. New York City, April 15, 1967. The first 100,000+ mass march against the war. Many Freedom Movement activists played key roles in organizing it.

 

Protesting the War in Vietnam, Assembly of Unrepresented People, Washington DC, August 6, 1965. Dave Dellinger, Staughton Lynd, Bob Moses splashed with red paint by pro-war provacateur.


SNCC leader Cleveland Sellers outside Atlanta induction center after refusing the draft.

 

Dr. King addressing an anti-war meeting, Washington DC, February 6, 1968.

 

 

Ms. Ella Baker, Harlem news conference, Jan. 1968

 


Mrs. Hamer leads singing at 1969 MFDP rally in Holmes County courthouse.
The first time since Reconstruction that Blacks are allowed to use it for a political meeting.


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