Before I'll Be a Slave
I'll Be Buried in My Grave


William Porter, Ralph Featherstone, Ella Baker, and Cynthia Washington at SNCC meeting. Waveland, MS, November, 1964


Cortland Cox, Phyllis Cunningham, and Worth Long at SNCC's Waveland conference, November 1964.


Mississippi Freedom Labor Union

On strike. Shaw, MS.



The Black Panther in Lowndes County, AL


Lowndes County freedom house and LCFO headquarters. From left to right, SNCC workers, unidentified, Michael (Oshoosi) Wright, and Jennifer Lawson.


Rush-hour in Lowndes County AL.
Stokely Carmichael of SNCC canvassing for voter registration.



Self-defense in Lowndes County.


Interior panel of brochure for the Lowndes County (Alabama) Freedom Organization (LCFO), Fall 1966, from the H.K. Yuen Archive, U.C. Berkeley.

SNCC's Stokely Carmichael working to build the Lowndes County
Freedom Organization (LCFO). 1965.

(Below) LCFO campaign flyers — 1966.


SNCC workers Jimmy Rogers (left), Ruby Sales, unidentified, and Gloria Larry at the murder trial of Tom Coleman for the assasination of Jonathan Daniels. September 1965.


Julian Bond Denied Seat in GA Legislature January 1966


Julian Bond denied his seat in the Georgia legislature because he opposes the Vietnam War.


Break-away protesters try to force their way into Georgia legislature to protest refusal to seat Julian Bond.


Julian Bond finally takes his seat in the Assembly, January, 1967.


Tuskegee, 1966


Stokely Carmichael of SNCC handing out anti-Vietnam War flyers. Tuskegee, 1966


Protesting the killing of Sammy Younge, January, 1966. SNCC worker Michael Wright in foreground (with hat).


Greenville Air Force Base Occupation, January 1966


Vernon Dahmer home after KKK attack, January 1966


Meredith March Against Fear in Mississippi


James Meredith lies wounded on the pavement after being gunned down on the highway. 1966.

The Movement takes up the march to Jackson from the
spot where Meredith was gunned down.


El Fondren, 100+ years old and born a slave, after registering to vote for the first time in his life. Panola County courthouse in Batesville.

Dr. King addresses one of the mass meeting voter registration rallies held each night of the
Meredith march (location and name of this church is not known).


Police and State Troopers attack the March in Canton with tear gas and billy clubs.


March leaders Martin Luther King, James Meredith, Floyd McKissick.

SCLC staff member Richard Smiley.


James Brown entertaining the marchers at Freedom Rally, Jackson, MS. 1966.

Marchers enter Jackson
Rev. Ralph Abernathy (between the two women)
Floyd McKissick (2nd from right)


Marching through Jackson towards the state Capitol.


State Troopers armed with rifles guard the Capitol building and Confederate monument from "defilement" by Afro-American protesters.


Grenada, Mississippi, 1966


The Meredith March sparks the Grenada Movement which erupts into five straight months of daily marches and protests that confront KKK mobs and an army of state troopers.



SCLC organizer R.B. Cottonreader leads Grenada "Blackout" (boycott) pickets, 1966.


Mass rally on Grenada's central town square. 1966.



Night rally on the Grenada green in front of the Confederate Memorial.

Dr. King and Joan Baez escort children to school after attack by Klan mob.



News photographer being beaten by KKK mob during attack on Black school children.


Black Power!


Greenwood MS, 1966, on the Meredith March. SNCC Chairman Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) calls for "Black Power."

Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) addresses Florida A&M students on Black Power. 1967.


Marching From Bogalusa to Baton Rouge — 1967

On the march in Louisiana. Freedom marchers cross the Amite river on their way from Bogalusa to the state capitol in Baton Rouge. After repeated attacks by the KKK, the Governor is forced to provide National Guard and state troopers to protect the demonstrators on their 10-day march.


Hell No! We Won't Go!


Spring Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam. New York City, April 15, 1967. The first 100,000+ mass march against the war. Many Freedom Movement activists played key roles in organizing it.


Protesting the War in Vietnam, Assembly of Unrepresented People, Washington DC, August 6, 1965. Dave Dellinger, Staughton Lynd, Bob Moses splashed with red paint by pro-war provacateur.

SNCC leader Cleveland Sellers outside Atlanta induction center after refusing the draft.


Dr. King addressing an anti-war meeting, Washington DC, February 6, 1968.


Garbage Workers Strike, Memphis TN, 1968

Union Meeting


Striking workers picketing on Beale Street.


Community Mass Meeting Supporting the Strike


Mass March in Support of Strike


Poor Peoples' March, Mississippi to Washington DC, 1968


Mrs. Hamer leads singing at 1969 MFDP rally in Holmes County courthouse.
The first time since Reconstruction that Blacks were allowed to use the courthouse for a political meeting.


Martin Luther King's Last Testimony

"Well, I don't know what will happen now. We've got some difficult days ahead. But it doesn't matter with me now. Because I've been to the mountaintop. And I don't mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I'm not concerned about that now. I just want to do God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I've looked over. And I've seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land. And I'm happy, tonight. I'm not worried about anything. I'm not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord."

 — The final words from Martin Luther King's last speech, given in Memphis Tennessee the night before he was assasinated on April 4, 1968



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