Civil Rights Act of 1966
Summary of Provisions Contained in the House Bill as Passed
See Civil Rights Act of
1966 Killed by Senate Fillibuster for background.
- Prohibited discrimination in the selection of federal jurors on the basis
of race, color, religion, sex, national origin or economic status.
- Provided uniform procedures for selection of federal jurors by a jury
commission with jurors to be drawn publicly from a master jury wheel
containing the names of atleast one-half of one percent of the registered
voters in the district.
- Excluded persons illiterate in English or charged with or convicted of a crime
punishable by imprisonment for more than one year.
- Authorized the defendant or the Attorney General to challenge selection
procedures and authorized the court to stay criminal proceedings or dismiss
the indictment pending selection of a conforming jury.
- Prohibited discrimination in the selection of state jurors on the basis of
race, color, religion, sex, national origin or economic status.
- Prohibited distinction in selecting jurors on the basis of sex.
- Authorized the Attorney General, after notice to local officials, to seek
injunctive relief to prevent denial of any defendant's rights.
- Authorized federal district courts to suspend state jury qualifications, to
require use of objective criteria in selection of jurors, to require
maintenance of records and to appoint a master to act as jury official.
- If such proceedings were initiated, required state officials to produce
records and information on jury selection procedures and required state
officials to preserve jury records for at least four years.
- Authorized the potential victim to seek injunctive relief to prevent a
person from engaging in any act which would deprive another of a right secured
by the Constitution or by federal law on account of his race, color, religion
or national origin, including the right to speak, assemble, petition or
otherwise express himself for the purpose of securing equal rights. Authorized
the Attorney General to bring such suits to end a pattern or practice of
resistance to the full enjoyment of such rights.
- Made it unlawful for any real estate agent or salesman or person engaging
in more than two housing transactions with 12 months to discriminate on the
basis of race, color, religion, national origin or number or age of children
in the sale or rental of any dwelling, in the terms of sale or rental, in
written or oral advertising or representations, in showing the dwelling, in
representing that the dwelling was unavailable or in providing access to
- Permitted a real estate broker or his agent to discriminate in the sale or
rental of a dwelling on express written instruction to do so from an owner
otherwise exempt, provided the broker or agent did not encourage or solicit
- Made it unlawful for any such person to engage in any act which restricted the
availability of housing to any person on the same grounds as listed above; and
prohibited inducing sale or lease by representations about the entry into the
neighborhood of persons of a particular race.
- Exempted persons renting rooms in their own homes, owner-occupants of
dwellings of no more than four living units and nonprofit religious,
charitable and educational organizations.
- Prohibited banks and other institutions, but only those in the business of
lending, from discriminating in financing home purchases or improvements.
- Authorized any party to seek court relief to enforce the Title; authorized
federal district courts to defer to state fair housing agencies before
continuing proceedings: and authorized the Attorney General to intervene in
such private suits and to initiate suits to prevent patterns or practices of
- Established a Fair Housing Board to hear charges filed by the Secretary of
Housing and Urban Development after the latter's investigation of complaints;
authorized the Board to issue orders for appropriate relief and to seek
enforcement orders through circuit courts of appeals following procedures used
by the National Labor Relations Board.
- Directed the Secretary to make a study of discrimination in housing and to
publicize the results.
- Made it unlawful to injure or intimidate any person because of his race,
color, religion or national origin lawfully engaging in voting, campaigning,
pollwatching, attending public school, participating in a publicly
administered program, applying for employment or working, engaging in a
housing transaction, serving on a jury, using any vehicle or common carrier,
participating in any federally aided activity or enjoying goods or services of
any public accommodation.
- Made it unlawful to injure or intimidate any person in order to discourage him
from engaging in such activities or having urged others to participate.
- Made it unlawful to injure or intimidate public officials in order to
discourage them from affording equal treatment in participating in such
- Set penalties at a $1,000 fine and one year in jail; $10,000 fine and 10 years
in jail if bodily injury resulted; and any term of years or life in jail if
- Made it unlawful for any person to move in interstate commerce or use the
mails with intent to incite to riot, to commit any crime of violence, arson or
bombing or any other felony under state or federal law or to assist or
encourage others in commission of such crimes; and set penalties at up to a
$10,000 fine and five years in prison.
- Amended Title III of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to authorize the
Attorney General to bring suit, after notice to local officials and upon
written complaint from an aggrieved individual, to desegregate public schools
- Provided that desegregation in such suits should not mean the assignment
of pupils to public schools to overcome racial imbalance and amended Title VI
of the 1964 Act to include a similar proviso regarding racial imbalance.
- Amended Title III of the Civil Rights Act of 1960 to authorize the
Attorney General to permit local election officials to destroy election
- Authorized an open-ended appropriation to carry out provisions of the Act.
- Required the Attorney General to report annually to Congress and the President
on enforcement and other activities undertaken pursuant to the various civil